Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Khan (2009): Economic Evaluation of Health Cost of Pesticide Use: Willingness to Pay Method. Published in: The Pakistan Development Review , Vol. Volume, No. Winter Issue, (2009): pp. 459-470.
Download (332kB) | Preview
This study highlights the results of contingent valuation method to measure health cost of pesticide use from farmer’s point of view. Analysis shows that farmers have a positive willingness to pay for avoiding pesticide related health risks. Theoretical validity tests show that relevant indicators such as risk perception, previous experience of pesticide related poisoning, education and income are significant predictors for the Positive WTP. From the results it is evident that health effects of pesticide use provided motivation for farmers to pay more for practices like IPM that reduce dependence on pesticide use which in turn a strong motivation for policy makers to continue research on IPM and its implementation.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Economic Evaluation of Health Cost of Pesticide Use: Willingness to Pay Method|
|English Title:||Economic Evaluation of Health Cost of Pesticide Use: Willingness to Pay Method|
|Keywords:||Health cost, WTP, pesticide use, IPM.|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products|
|Depositing User:||Muhammad Khan Muhammad khan Bhatti|
|Date Deposited:||14. Apr 2011 01:03|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 22:58|
A. C. Rola. (1993). Pesticides, Rice Productivity, and Farmers' Health -An Economic Assessment. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. A.M.Freeman. (2003). The Measurement of Environmental and Resource Values: Theary and Methods. Washington DC: Resources for the future. AJAYI, O. O. (2000). Pesticide Use Practices, Productivity and Farmers’ Health:The Case of Cotton-Rice Systems in Côte d’Ivoire,west africa. (Pesticide Policy Project Publication Series Special Issue No. 3, November 2000). Government of Pakistan. (2000). Agriculture census 2000-Procedure and data tables Punjab. Statistics division, Agriculture census organization Lahore, Pakistan. Government of Pakistan. (2002). Pesticide use survey report 2002- National fertilizer development center, Islamabad Pakistan. Gunatilake, H. (2003). Environmental valuation: theory and applications, chapter 6, contingent valuation. Hildegard Garming, H. W. (2006). Willingness to pay to avoid health risks from pesticides, a case study from Nicaragua. Working Paper 2006 No. 4, Development and Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Economics and ManagementUniversity of Hannover, Germany . J. A. L. Cranfield, E. M. (2003). Canadian Consumer’s Willingness-to-pay for Pesticide free food Products: An Ordered Probit Analysis. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review Volume 6, Number 4, . Jikun Huang, F. Q. (2003). Farm Pesticide, Rice Production, and Human health. http://220.127.116.11/publications/research1/ACF268.html. LEAH C. M.CUYNO. (1999). An Economic Evaluation of the Health and Environmental Benefits of the IPM Program (IPM CRSP) in the Philippines. Agricultural and Applied Ecoomics. Blackburg, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University: 133. Portney, P. R. (1994). Contingent Valuation Debate: Why economist should care. Journal of economic perspective-volume 8, number4 , 3-17. RANDOM. ORG. (2008). Retrieved from www.random.org/nform.html. Richard T. Carson, N. A. (2000). Contingent Valuation: Controversies and evidence. Department of Economics, UCSD. Susmita Dasgupta, C. M. (2005). Health effects and pesticide perception as determinants of pesticide use:evidence from bangladesh. world bank policy working paper series (WPS3776) . W.Lipton Douglas, K. W. (1995). Economic Valuation of Natural resources: A Handbook for Coastal Resource Policymakers. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration (NOAA),USA. W.M. Hanemann. (1994). Valuing the Environment Through Contingent Valuation. Journal of Economic perspective , No. 4, 19-43.