Mamoon, Dawood (2007): Relative Factor Return Gaps in Labour Markets and Global Integration.
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We estimate the role of openness and integration in welfare generation in a cross country framework. Once controlling for institutions, openness is generally associated with increased wage inequalities across nations. However the results for trade policy are mixed. Decrease in import taxes increase wage inequality, whereas decrease in export taxes has an egalitarian effect. The results are applicable only to the larger sample of developed and developing countries. If the sample is restricted to developing countries, protection by means of export and import taxes is good for unskilled workers as higher trade taxes seem to put a downward pressure on the wage gaps between skilled and unskilled. The results highlight the bottle neck faced by both developing and developed countries in WTO talks which have not been successful as yet in terms of further decrease in trade taxes. In case this situation prevails, the paper calls for more South-South trade which would enable developing countries to decrease the relative wage gaps among their labour force.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||Institute of Social Studies|
|Original Title:||Relative Factor Return Gaps in Labour Markets and Global Integration|
|Keywords:||International Trade; Redistribution; Inequality; Cross Section Models|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic Integration
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
|Depositing User:||Dawood Mamoon|
|Date Deposited:||01. May 2007|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 03:54|
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