Meng, Channarith and Pfau, Wade Donald (2011): Simulating the impacts of cash transfers on poverty and school attendance: The case of Cambodia.
Download (368Kb) | Preview
Using the Cambodia Socioeconomic Survey 2004 and employing micro-static simulation techniques, we measure the potential impacts of cash transfer programs for children to identify targeted groups that will have the most effect on poverty and school attendance. We conclude that the largest impacts occur by targeting poor children. If this proves to be too administratively costly, then targeting children in rural areas or targeting all children living in the ten poorest provinces will also yield significant poverty reduction. With regard to improving school attendance, the same targeted groups generally provide the biggest impacts as well, though the impacts on school attendance tend to be smaller than on poverty reduction.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Simulating the impacts of cash transfers on poverty and school attendance: The case of Cambodia|
|Keywords:||cash transfer; poverty; school attendance; Cambodia|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H53 - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H52 - Government Expenditures and Education
|Depositing User:||channarith meng|
|Date Deposited:||29. Apr 2011 16:48|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 06:41|
Attanasio, O., Fitzsimons, E., & Gomez, A. (2005). The impact of a conditional education subsidy on school enrolment in Colombia (Report Summary Familias 01). London: The Institute for Fiscal Studies.
Banks, J., & Johnson, P. (1994). Equivalent scale relativities revisited. The Economic Journal, 104(425), 883–890.
Barrientos, A., & Dejong, J. (2004). Child poverty and cash transfers. (Childhood Poverty Research and Policy Center Report 4).
Bourguignon, F., Ferreira, F., & Leite, P. (2003). Conditional cash transfers, schooling and child labor: Micro-simulating Bolsa Escola. The World Bank Economic Review, 17(2), 229-254.
Chaudhuri, A. (2009). Spillover impacts of a reproductive health program on elderly women in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 30, 113-125.
Coe, D. T., Lee, I. H., Abdelati, W. F., Eastman, D., Hagemann, R., Ishikawa, S., ... Yelten, S. (2006). Cambodia: Rebuilding for a challenging future. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.
de Brauw, A., & Hoddinott, J. (2010). Must conditional cash transfer programs be conditioned to be effective? The impact of conditioning transfers on school enrollment in Mexico. Journal of Development Economics. doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2010.08.014.
Deaton, A. (1997). The analysis of household surveys: A microeconometric approach to development policy. Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Deaton, A., & Paxson, C. (1997). Poverty among children and the elderly in developing countries. Princeton: Princeton University
Fiszbein, A., Schady, N., Ferreira, F. H. G., Grosh, M., Kelleher, N., Olinto, P., & Skoufias, E. (2009). Conditional cash transfers: Reducing present and future poverty (World Bank Policy Research Report). Washington, DC: World Bank.
Foster, J., Greer, J., & Thorbecke, E. (1984). A class of decomposable poverty measures. Econometrica, 52(3), 761-766.
Giang, T. L., & Pfau, W. D. (2009). Ageing, poverty and the role of a social pension in Vietnam. Development and Change, 40(2), 333-360.
Glewwe, P., & Olinto, P. (2004). Evaluating of the impact of conditional cash transfers on schooling: An experimental analysis of Honduras’s PRAF program (Final Report for USAID).
Gordon, D., Nandy, S., Pantazis, C., Pemberton, S. and Townsend, P. (2003). Child poverty in the developing world. Bristol: Policy Press.
Kakwani, N., Soares, F. V., & Son, H. H. (2006). Conditional cash transfers in African countries. Development Policy Review, 24(5), 553-569.
Kanji, S. (2011). Labor force participation, regional location, and economic well-being of single mothers in Russia. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 32, 62-72.
Lanjouw, P., Milanovic, B., & Paternostro, S. (1998). Poverty and economic transition: How do changes in economies of scale affect poverty rates of different households? (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2009). Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Mauldin, T., & Mimura, Y. (2001). Parental expenditures on children’s education. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 22(3), 221-241.
Ploeg, M. V. (2009). Do benefits of U.S. food assistance programs for children spillover to older children in the same household? Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 30, 412-427.
Royal Government of Cambodia (2006). A poverty profile of Cambodia 2004. Cambodia: Ministry of Planning.
Schady, N., & Araujo, M. C. (2008). Cash transfers, conditions, and school enrollment in Ecuador. Economia, 8(2), 43-70.
Schultz, T. P. (2004). School subsidies for the poor: Evaluating the Mexican Progresa poverty program. Journal of Development Economics, 74, 199-250.
Son, H. H., & Florentino, J. (2008). Ex-ante impact evaluation of conditional cash transfer program on school attendance and poverty: the case of Philippines (Asian Development Bank Working Paper Series 142). Philippines: Asian Development Bank.
UNICEF (2000). Poverty reduction begins with children. New York: UNICEF.
UNICEF (2006). The state of the world’s children 2006. New York: UNICEF.
UNICEF (2009). Child poverty: A role for cash transfers? West and South Africa (Regional Thematic Report 3). Senegal: UNICEF.
Wang, H., & Moll, H. (2010). Education financing of rural households in China. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 31, 353-360.
White, H. (2009). Theory-based impact evaluation: Principles and practice (Working Paper Series 3). New Delhi: International Initiative for Impact Evaluation.
World Bank (2006a). Cambodia: halving poverty by 2015, Poverty Assessment 2006. Washington DC: The World Bank.
World Bank (2006b). Managing risk and vulnerability in Cambodia: An assessment and strategy for social protection. Washington DC: The World Bank.