Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The effects of capital market openness on exchange rate pass-through and welfare in an inflation targeting small open economy

Mukherjee, Sanchita (2011): The effects of capital market openness on exchange rate pass-through and welfare in an inflation targeting small open economy.

[img]
Preview
PDF
MPRA_paper_30478.pdf

Download (344Kb) | Preview

Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of capital market openness on exchange rate pass-through and subsequently on the social loss in an inflation targeting small open economy under a pure commitment policy. Applying the intuition behind the macroeconomic trilemma, I examine whether a more open capital market in an inflation targeting country improves the credibility of the central bank and consequently reduces exchange rate pass-through. First, I empirically examine the effect of capital openness on exchange rate pass-through using a New Keynesian Phillips curve. The empirical investigation reveals that limited capital openness leads to greater pass-through from the exchange rate to domestic inflation, which raises the marginal cost of deviation from the inflation target. This subsequently worsens the inflation output-gap trade-off and increases the social loss of the inflation targeting central bank under pure commitment. However, the calibration results suggest that the inflation output-gap trade-off improves and the social loss decreases even in the presence of larger exchange rate pass-through if the capital controls are effective at insulating the exchange rate from interest rate and risk-premia shocks.

UB_LMU-Logo
MPRA is a RePEc service hosted by
the Munich University Library in Germany.