Fan, C. Simon and Stark, Oded (2007): A social proximity explanation of the reluctance to assimilate. Published in: Kyklos , Vol. 60, No. 1 (2007): pp. 55-63.
Download (77kB) | Preview
Quite often, migrants appear to exert little effort to absorb the mainstream culture and to learn the language of their host society, even though the economic returns (increased productivity and enhanced earnings) to assimilation are high. We show that when interpersonal comparisons affect individuals’ wellbeing and when a more intensive assimilation results in migrants’ comparing themselves more with the richer natives and less with fellow migrants, then the effort extended to assimilate will be muted.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||A social proximity explanation of the reluctance to assimilate|
|Keywords:||Migrants’ behavior; The effort to assimilate; Income gains; Social proximity; Interpersonal comparisons; Deprivation losses|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z10 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J61 - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J15 - Economics of Minorities and Races; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||Oded Stark|
|Date Deposited:||17. May 2011 12:55|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 19:29|
Agarwal, Bina and Alessandro Vercelli (2005). Psychology, Rationality and Economic Behavior. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Akerlof, George A. (1997). Social Distance and Social Decisions, Econometrica. 65: 1005-1027.
Akerlof, George A. and Rachel E. Kranton (2000). Economics and Identity, Quarterly Journal of Economics. 115: 715-753.
Austen-Smith, David and Roland G. Fryer Jr. (2005). An Economic Analysis of ‘Acting White’, Quarterly Journal of Economics. 120: 551-583.
Borjas, George J. (1995). Assimilation and Changes in Cohort Quality Revisited: What Happened to Immigrant Earnings in the 1980s?, Journal of Labor Economics. 13: 201-45.
Borjas, George J., Stephen G. Bronars and Stephen J. Trejo (1992). Assimilation and the Earnings of Young Internal Migrants, The Review of Economics and Statistics. 74: 170-75.
Bruni, Luigino and Pier Luigi Porta (2005). Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chiswick, Barry R. (2005). The Economics of Immigration: Selected Papers of Barry R. Chiswick. Cheltenham, U.K.: Elgar.
Cutler, David M., Edward L. Glaeser and Jacob L. Vigdor (2005). Is the Melting Pot Still Hot? Explaining the Resurgence of Immigrant Segregation, Harvard University, Cambridge MA: Harvard Institute of Economic Research, Discussion Paper. No. 2071.
Eibner, Christine and William N. Evans (2005). Relative Deprivation, Poor Health Habits, and Mortality, Journal of Human Resources. 40: 591-620.
Friedman, Jonathan and Shalini Randeria (2004). Worlds on the Move: Globalization, Migration and Cultural Security. London: I.B. Tauris.
Lazear, Edward P. (1999). Culture and Language, Journal of Political Economy. 107: S95-126.
Luttmer, Erzo F. P. (2005). Neighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being, Quarterly Journal of Economics. 120: 963-1002.
Stark, Oded (1993). The Migration of Labor. Oxford and Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
Stark, Oded and You Qiang Wang (2005). Towards a Theory of Self-Segregation as a Response to Relative Deprivation: Steady-State Outcomes and Social Welfare, in: Luigino Bruni and Pier Luigi Porta (eds.), Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 223-242.
Veblen, Thorstein (1924). The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions. London: Allen & Unwin.
Walker, Iain and Heather J. Smith (2002). Relative Deprivation: Specification, Development, and Integration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Yitzhaki, Shlomo (1979). Relative Deprivation and the Gini Coefficient, Quarterly Journal of Economics. 93: 321-24.