Spenkuch, Jörg L. (2010): Understanding the Impact of Immigration on Crime.
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (2043Kb) | Preview
Since the 1960s both crime rates and the share of immigrants among the American population have more than doubled. Almost three quarters of Americans believe immigration increases crime, yet existing academic research has shown no such effect. Using panel data on US counties from 1980 to 2000, this paper presents empirical evidence on a systematic and economically meaningful impact of immigration on crime. Consistent with the economic model of crime this effect is strongest for crimes motivated by financial gain, such as motor vehicle theft and robbery. Moreover, the effect is only present for those immigrants most likely to have poor labor market outcomes. Failure to account for the cost of increased crime would overstate the “immigration surplus” substantially, but would most likely not reverse its sign.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Understanding the Impact of Immigration on Crime|
|Keywords:||immigration; crime; social cost of immigration|
|Subjects:||K - Law and Economics > K0 - General > K00 - General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J0 - General > J01 - Labor Economics: General
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J18 - Public Policy
|Depositing User:||Jörg L. Spenkuch|
|Date Deposited:||29. May 2011 14:14|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 15:46|
Altonji, Joseph G., and David Card (1991). “The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-Skilled Natives,” (pp. 201-234) in John M. Abowd and Richard B. Freeman, eds., Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bartel, Ann (1989). “Where Do the New U.S. Immigrants Live?” Journal of Labor Economics, 7, 371-391.
Becker, Gary S. (1968). “Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach,” Journal of Political Economy, 76, 169-217.
Bell, Brian, Stephen Machin, and Francesco Fasani (2010). “Crime and Immigration: Evidence from Large Immigrant Waves,” IZA Discussion Paper No. 4996.
Bianchi, Milo, Paolo Buonanno, and Paolo Pinotti (2011). “Do Immigrants Cause Crime?” forthcoming in Journal of the European Economic Association.
Borjas, George J. (1990). Friends or Strangers: The Impact of Immigrants on the U.S. Economy. New York: Basic Books.
Borjas, George J. (1999). “The Economic Analysis of Immigration,” (pp. 1697-1760) in Orley C. Ashenfelter and David Card, eds., Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol 3. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Borjas, George J. (2003) “The Labor Demand Curve Is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118, 1335-1374.
Borjas, George J., and Lawrence F. Katz (2007). “The Evolution of the Mexican-Born Workforce in the United States,” (pp. 13-56) in George J. Borjas and Lawrence F. Katz, eds., Mexican Immigration to the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Borjas, George J., Richard B. Freeman, and Lawrence F. Katz (1997). “How Much Do Immigration and Trade Affect Labor Market Outcomes?” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, 1-90.
Borjas, George J., Jeffrey Grogger, and Gordon H. Hanson (2010). “Immigration and the Economic Status of African-American Men,” Economica, 77, 255-282.
Butcher, Kristin F. and Anne Morrison Piehl (1998a). “Recent Immigrants: Unexpected Implications for Crime and Incarceration,” Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 51, 654-679.
Borjas, George J., and Lynette Hilton (1996) “Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigrant Participation in Means-Tested Entitlement Programs,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 111, 575-605.
Butcher, Kristin F. and Anne Morrison Piehl (1998b). “Cross-City Evidence on the Relationship between Immigration and Crime,” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 17, 457-493.
Butcher, Kristin F. and Anne Morrison Piehl (2000). “The Role of Deportation in the Incarceration of Immigrants,” (pp. 351-385) in George J. Borjas, ed., Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Butcher, Kristin F. and Anne Morrison Piehl (2007). “Why are Immigrants' Incarceration Rates so Low? Evidence on Selective Immigration, Deterrence, and Deportation.” NBER Working Paper No. 13229.
Camarota, Steven A. and Karen Jensenius (2009). “Immigration and Crime: Assessing a Conflicted Issue.” Center for Immigration Studies.
Card, David (2001). “Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Market Impacts of Higher Immigration,” Journal of Labor Economics, 19, 22-64.
Cohen, Mark (1988). “Pain, Suffering and Jury Awards: A Study of the Cost of Crime to Victims,” Law and Society Review, 22, 537-555.
Federal Bureau of Prisons (2009). The State of the Bureau 2008. Washington, D.C.: US Department of Justice.
Freeman, Richard B. (1999). “The Economics of Crime,” (pp. 3529-3571) in Orley C. Ashenfelter and David Card, eds., Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol 3. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Gove, Walter, Michael Hughes, and Michael Geerken (1985). “Are Uniform Crime Reports a Valid Indicator of the Index Crimes? An Affirmative Answer with Minor Qualifications,” Criminology, 23, 451-501.
Grogger, Jeffrey (1998) “Immigration and Crime among Young Black Men: Evidence from the NLSY,” (pp. 322-341) in Daniel S. Hamermesh and Frank D. Bean, eds., Help or Hindrance? The Economic Implications of Immigration for African Americans. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Hainer, Peter, Catherine Hines, Elizabeth Martin, and Gary Shapiro (1988). “Research on Improving Coverage in Household Surveys,” (pp. 513-539) in Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Research Conference. Washington, DC: Bureau of the Census.
Hamm, Mark S. (1995) The Abandoned Ones: The Imprisonment and Uprising of the Mariel Boat People. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press. Heckman, James J., Sergio Urzua and Edward Vytlacil (2006) “Understanding Instrumental Variables in Models with Essential Heterogeneity,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 88, 389-432.
Hogan, Howard and Gregory Robinson (1993). “The Proceedings of the 1993 Research Conference on Undercounted Ethnic Population.” US Census Bureau Technical Papers.
Imbens, Guido W. and Joshua D. Angrist (1994) “Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects,” Econometrica 62, 467-75.
Jaeger, David A., Susanna Loeb, Sarah E. Turner and John Bound (1998). “Coding Geographic Areas Across Census Years: Creating Consisting Definitions of Metropolitan Statistical Areas.” NBER Working Paper No. 6772.
Jonas, Kimball (2003). Group Quarters Enumeration. Census 2000 Evaluation E.5, US Census Bureau.
Kuziemko, Ilyana (2007). “Human Capital Spillovers in Families: Do Immigrants Learn from or Lean on their English-Speaking Children?” Unpublished Manuscript. Princeton University.
Lazear, Edward P. (2000). “Diversity and Immigration,” (pp. 117 - 142) in George J. Borjas, ed., Issues in the Economics of Immigration. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Levitt, Steven D. (1996). “The Effect of Prison Population Size on Crime Rates: Evidence from Prison Overcrowding Litigation,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 111, 319-351.
Levitt, Steven D. (1997). “Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Police on Crime,” American Economic Review, 87, 270-290.
Levitt, Steven D. (2004). “Understanding Why Crime Fell in the 1990s: Four Factors That Explain the Decline and Six That Do Not,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 18, 163-190.
Miller, Ted R., Mark A. Cohen and Shelli B. Rossman (1993) “Victim Costs of Violent Crime and Resulting Injuries,” Health Affairs, 12, 186-97.
Moehling, Carolyn and Anne Morrison Piehl (2009). “Immigration, Crime, and Incarceration in Early 20th Century America,” Demography, 46, 739-763.
National Research Council (1997). The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration, Panel on the Demographic and Economic Impacts of Immigration, James P. Smith, and Barry Edmonston, eds., Washington, DC: The National Academy Press.
National Research Council (2004). The 2000 Census: Counting Under Adversity, Panel to Review the 2000 Census, Constance F. Citro, Daniel L. Cork, and Janet L. Norwood, eds., Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academy Press.
O’Brien, Robert (1995). Crime and Victimization Data. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Staiger, Douglas, and James H. Stock (1997). “Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments,” Econometrica, 65, 557-586.
Stock, James H., and Motohiro Yogo (2005). “Testing for Weak Instruments in Linear IV Regression,” (pp. 80-108) in James H. Stock and Donald W. K. Andrews, eds., Identification and Inference for Econometric Models: Essays in Honor of Thomas J. Rothenberg, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2004). Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics 2003. Washington, D.C.
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2009a). Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin: Prisoners in 2008. Washington, D.C.
U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2009b). Crime and Justice Data Online. Available online at <http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/>
U.S. Census Bureau (2009). Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2010. Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (2007). Annual Financial Report: Fiscal Year 2007. Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (2008). Immigration Enforcement Actions: 2007. Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (2009). Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2008. Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Justice (2004). Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook. Washington, D.C.
Yatchew, Adonis (1998). “Nonparametric Regression Techniques in Economics,” Journal of Economic Literature, 36, 669-721.
Available Versions of this Item
Understanding the Impact of Immigration on Crime. (deposited 25. May 2010 00:59)
- Understanding the Impact of Immigration on Crime. (deposited 29. May 2011 14:14) [Currently Displayed]