Soliman, Ibrahim and Ewaida, Osama (1996): Impact of technological changes and economic liberalization on agricultural labor employment and Productivity. Published in: L’EGYPTE COTEMPORAIE, Revue Scientifique arbitrée Quart annual, De la Société Egyptienne d’Econnomie Politique de Statistique Et de Législation, LE CAIRE , Vol. LXXXVI, No. No. 445, (July 1997): pp. 3-21.
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Egypt has passed dramatic economic changes over the last two decades. Such program has different impacts on agricultural sector performance, including the mechanization, expansion and substitutability for human labor. Therefore the objectives of this study are to assess the impacts oftechnological changes and economic liberalization on agricultural labor employment and Productivity. The analytical procedures included was the estimation of crop production function for rice before and after the economic reform application in agricultural sector. The study used two field survey data in two sucessive periods conducted in "Sharkia Governorate". It was concluded that the optimum allocation of inputs for rice production implied to decrease the human labor use on farms, even though under the export border price of rice. It means that such major crop in Egypt as a case study of the agricultural sector can not provide a feasible employment opportunity for human labor. To reach amaximum income from such agricultural activities a less labor intensity should be used. Positive analysis approach showed that the employment of human labor has decreased by almost one-fourth due to all technological changes and economic reform policies practiced over the last decade. The normative approach analysis (least cost combination of inputs), showed that the human labor employment should be decreased by about two-thirds, in order to maximize income. All economic criteria, derived from the normative approach analysis,in this study showed that the growth in production and maximization of income must rely upon physical and biological technologies (new varieties, fertilizers and mechanization of farm operations. Rural development programs and economic development plants should create employment opportunities for such excess agriculture labor,either in agricultural related industries of non-agricultural small industries in villages or other economic activities in rural towns, in order to keep agriculture growing at an economic competitive performance.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Impact of technological changes and economic liberalization on agricultural labor employment and Productivity|
|Keywords:||Agricultural Mechanization; Production Function Model; Technological changes; Economic Efficiency; The least cost Technological Package|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J0 - General > J08 - Labor Economics Policies
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C13 - Estimation: General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6 - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C61 - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
|Depositing User:||Ibrahim Soliman|
|Date Deposited:||29. May 2011 22:12|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 03:46|
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(2) Earl O. Heady. (1986) "Economics of Agricultural Production and Resource Use". Prentice Hall, New York. USA, P. 790-800
(3) Ibrahim Soliman & Miassa Megahed (1994) "Economic Efficiency For Operating The Agricultural Tractor". Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of Agricultural Development Research, 20-22 December, published in Annals of Agricultural Science, by Ain Shams University, Faculty of Agriculture. Cairo. Egypt.
(4) Ibrahim Soliman (1985) "An analysis of the Buffalo milk response under the Conventional Egyptian Farming System" Proceedings of the 10th Congress of Statistics, Computer Sciences, Social and Demographic Research, Vol. 3, P. 91-106, Computer Center Ain Shams University, Abbassia. Cairo Egypt
(5) Ibrahim Soliman (1992) "Agricultural Mechanization and Economic Efficiency of Agricultural Production in Egypt". An Invited Paper to The 92-lnternational Conference of Agricultural Engineering, Published at the conference proceedings Vol. 1, Beijing Agricultural Engineering University. Beijing, P. R. China.
(6) Ibrahim Soliman and Mohammed El-Shenawy 1985)"Livestock Working Power in Egyptian Agriculture". 18-Annual Conference of Statistics, Computer Sciences, Operation Research and Mathematics Vol. 18 No. 1 Institute of Statistical Studies and Research. Cairo University. Giza, Egypt.
(7) Ibrahim Soliman, M. Gaber, A, Ibrahim (1994) "Evaluation of Investment in Non-Conventional Agricultural Machinery under Private and State management" Journal of Agricultural Research Of Faculty of Agriculture, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
(8) Ibrahim Soliman, Metwali Al Zanati, M. Gaber and A. Ibrahim,(1995)"Impacts of Techno-Economic Changes on input-Output relations for Wheat crop in Egypt. Journal of Agricultural Economics (Forth Coming Issue) Published by Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Economics. Agricultural Club. Cairo. Dokki. Egypt.
(9) Ibrahim Soliman, Mohammed Gaber and Ali Ibrahim (1994) "Socio-Economic impacts of Non-Conventional mechanization for wheat Crop: A case study in Kafr Al Sheikh Governorate". Journal of Agricultural Research of Faculty of Agriculture, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.
(10) Ibrahim Soliman, Mohammed Gaber and Ali Ibrahim (1994) "Farm Production for Wheat under Non-Conventional Mechanization System" Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of Agricultural Development Research, 20-22 December Published in Annals of Agricultural Science, by Ain Shams University, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo Egypt.
(11) Ibrahim Soliman, Mohammed Gaber and Ali Ibrahim, (1994)'Socio-Economic Imracts of Biological and Mechanical Technological package Applied for Sugarcane Development : A Case study in Minia Governorate" Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of Agricultural Development Research. 20-22 December Published in Annals of Agricultural Science, by Ain Shams University, Faculty of Agriculture. Cairo. Egypt.
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(14) Randolph Baker and Robert W. Herdt (1978) "Equity implications of Technology Changes" In Interpretive Analysis of Selected Papers from Changes in Rice Farming in selected Areas of Asia. Los-Banos, International Rice research Institute.
(15) Shawky Imam & Ibrahim Soliman (1982) "An Economic Study for Wheat production Activity in Egyptian Agriculture" The Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Statistics, Computer Sciences, Social and Demographic Research, Computing Center. Ain Shams University, Abbassia Cairo Egypt
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Impact of technological changes and economic liberalization on agricultural labor employment and Productivity. (deposited 07. Jun 2011 05:35)
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