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The funding and efficiency of higher education in Croatia and Slovenia: a non-parametric comparison

Aristovnik, Aleksander and Obadić, Alka (2011): The funding and efficiency of higher education in Croatia and Slovenia: a non-parametric comparison. Published in: Amfiteatru Economic , Vol. 13, No, (2011): pp. 362-376.

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Abstract

The paper applies a non-parametric approach, i.e. data envelopment analysis (DEA), to assess the relative technical efficiency of higher education across countries, with a particular focus on Croatia and Slovenia. When estimating the efficiency frontier we focus on measures of quantities outputs/outcomes. The results show that the relatively high public expenditure per student in Croatia could have resulted in a relatively better performance regarding the outputs/outcomes, i.e. a higher rate of higher education school enrolment, a greater rate of labor force with a higher education and a lower rate of the unemployed who have a tertiary education. On the other hand, regardless of the input-output/outcome mix, the higher education system in Slovenia is shown to have a much higher level of efficiency compared to both Croatia and many other comparable EU and OECD countries.

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