Maestri, Virginia (2009): Promoting scientific faculties: does it work? Evidence from Italy.
Download (260kB) | Preview
The object of this article is to assess the causal impact of promotions policies on students' choice of the field of study. We match the records of the students enrolled in two large universities with the records of the participating schools. Within the participating schools, some students took part in the program, while others did not. We adopted an "exposure" approach in which we define as treated all students of a cohort that were eligible for these activities. We find, on average, a positive and significant effect of the policy on targeted and non-targeted scientific bachelor's degrees and positive cross-treatment effects across subjects. However, if the policy has a considerable influence on male students' choices, it does not appear to have any effect on female students' choices. These findings suggest that the policy helped students in correcting their labor market expectations for graduating in science.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Promoting scientific faculties: does it work? Evidence from Italy|
|Keywords:||economic impact, educational economics, school choice|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H43 - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I23 - Higher Education Research Institutions
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Insititutions > I28 - Government Policy
|Depositing User:||virginia maestri|
|Date Deposited:||14. Jun 2011 14:17|
|Last Modified:||25. Feb 2013 18:52|
Ai C., Norton E. C., 2003. Interaction terms in logit and probit models. Economics Letters 80, 123-129.
Angrist J. D., Lavy V., 2002. The effect of high school Matriculation awards: evidence from randomized trials. NBER Working Paper 9389.
Arcidiacono P. (2004). Ability sorting and the returns to college major. Journal of Econometrics 121, 343-375.
Ballarino G., Bratti M., 2006. Fields of study and graduates’ occupational outcomes in Italy during the 90s. Who won and who lost? DEAS Working Paper 2006-17.
Beffy M., Fougère D., Maurel A., 2007. The field and the length of studies in the French post-secondary education: the effect of expected earnings. IZA DP n. 4127.
Berger M. C., 1988. Predicted future earnings and choice of college major. Industrial and labor Relations Review 41 (3), 418-429.
Boudabart B., Montmarquette C., 2007. Choice of fields of study of Canadian university graduates: the role of gender and their parents’ education. IZA Discussion paper 2552.
Buonanno P., Pozzoli D., 2007. Early labor market returns to college subject. Quaderni di Ricerca del Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche “Hyman P. Minsky” 5.
Bratti M., Checchi D., De Blasio G., 2008. Does the expansion of higher education increase equality of opportunities? . Labor 22, 53-88.
Convert B., 2005. Europe and the crisis in scientific vocations. European Journal of Education 40 (4), 361-366.
Frenette M., 2004. The overqualified Canadian graduate: the role of the academic program in the incidence, persistence, and economic returns to over-qualification. Economics of Education Review 23, 29-45.
Freeman J. A., Hirsch B. T., 2008. College majors and the knowledge content of jobs. Economics of Education Review 27, 517-535.
Machin S., Puhani P., 2005. The contribution of degree subject to the gender wage gap for graduates. A comparison of Britain, France and Germany. Report to the Anglo-German Foundation.
Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione, 2007. Il progetto “Lauree Scientifiche”. Annali della Pubblica Istruzione 2-3.
Montamarquette C., Cannings K., Mahseredjian S., 2002. How do young people choose college majors? Economics of Education Review 21, 543-556.
OECD, 2008. Encouraging student interest in science and technology studies. OECD Publications: Paris.
Oppedisano V., 2008. The (adverse) effects of expanding higher education from Italy. Geary Institute Working Paper 45/2009.
Segerstrom P. S., 1998. Endogenous growth without scale effects. American Economic Review 88 (5), 1290-1310.
Webbink D., Ooosterbeek H., 1997. Is there a hidden technical potential? De Economist 145 (2), 159-177.
Zafar B., 2009. College major choice and the gender gap. Federal Reserve Bank of New York Staff Report 364.