Gaulier, Guillaume and Zignago, Soledad (2008): BACI: A World Database of International Trade at the Product-level (The 1995-2004 Version). Published in: CEPII Working Paper No. 2010-23
Download (1MB) | Preview
This paper document the construction of BACI, our international trade database covering more than 200 countries and 5,000 products, between 1995 and 2004. Original procedures have been developed to reconcile data reported by almost 150 countries to the United Nations Statistics Division, which disseminate them via COMTRADE. When both exporting and importing countries do report, we have two different figures for the same flow. In order to have a single coherent figure for each bilateral flow, we have need to reconcile them. Firstly, as import values are reported CIF (cost, insurance and freight) and the exports are reported FOB (free on board), CIF costs have to be estimated and removed from imports values to compute FOB import values. We regress the unit-values ratios reported for a given elementary flow by gravity variables: bilateral distance, dummies for adjacent or landlocked countries and for years, and world median unit-value for each product category (we consider a non-linear relationship between CIF costs and distance by introducing also the square distance). As expected, we find that CIF costs increase with distance and decrease with unit value. The second step is an evaluation of the reliability of country reporting, based on the declaration distances among partners. In order to evaluate this quality of countries reporting (as exporters or importers) we decompose the absolute value of the ratios of mirror flows using a (weighted) variance analysis, and an index is build for every country. Finally, the qualities of declaration are used as weights in the reconciliation of each bilateral trade flow twice reported. Taking advantage of this double information on each flow, we end up en plus?? with a large coverage of countries not reporting at a given level of the product classification. BACI provides the most disaggregated international reconciled values of bilateral flows, for the largest possible number of countries and years, with a special care in the treatment of unit-values. BACI is freely available to users of COMTRADE database in our webpage: http://www.cepii.fr/anglaisgraph/bdd/baci.htm
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||BACI: A World Database of International Trade at the Product-level (The 1995-2004 Version)|
|Keywords:||International Trade, Trade Costs, CIF-FOB, Data reconciliation|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F10 - General
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F14 - Empirical Studies of Trade
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C8 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs > C80 - General
|Depositing User:||Soledad Zignago|
|Date Deposited:||29. Jun 2011 03:13|
|Last Modified:||28. Feb 2013 03:46|
ANDERSON J.E. (1979), “A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation”, American Economic Review 69, 106-116
ANDERSON J.E. AND E. VAN WINCOOP (2004), “Trade Costs”, Journal of Economic Literature 42(3), 691-751.
BERGSTRAND J.H. (1985), “The Gravity Equation in International Trade: some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence”, Review of Economics and Statistics 67, 474-481.
BOUËT A., Y. DECREUX, L. FONTAGNÉ, S. JEAN AND D.LABORDE (2008), “Assessing Applied Protection across the World”, Review of International Economics 16(5), pages 850- 863.
CHENG I-HUI AND H.J. WALL (1999), “Controlling for Heterogeneity in Gravity Models of Trade”, Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis working paper N° 99-010.
CHEPTEA A., L. FONTAGNÉ AND S. ZIGNAGO (2009), “European export performance”, CEPII Working Paper 12.
CHEPTEA A., G. GAULIER AND S. ZIGNAGO (2005), “World Trade Competitiveness: a Disaggregated View by Shift-Share Analysis”, CEPII Working Paper 23.
COOK R.D. (1977), “Detection of Influential Observation in Linear Regression” Technometrics 19(1), 15-18.
CURRAN L. AND S. ZIGNAGO (2010), “How regional is the supply chain in the new EU? An analysis of the effect of enlargement on EU trade in intermediate products”, Multinational Business Review Vol 18:1.
DE SAINT-VAULRY A. (2008), “Base de données CHELEM – commerce international du CEPII”, CEPII Working Paper 09. 25
DEARDORFF A. V. (1998), “Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a NeoclassicalWorld?” in J.A. Frankel ed., The Regionalization of the World Economy, University of Chicago Press.
DISDIER A-C., L. FONTAGNÉ AND M. MIMOUNI (2007), “The Impact of Regulations on Agricultural Trade: Evidence from SPS and TBT Agreements”, CEPII Working Paper 04.
DISDIER A-C., L. FONTAGNÉ, T. MAYER AND S.H.T. TAI (2009), “Bilateral Trade of Cultural Goods”, Review of World Economics, 145(4): 575-595.
DISDIER A-C. AND K. HEAD (2007), “The Puzzling Persistence of the Distance Effect on Bilateral Trade”, Review of Economics and Statistics 90(1): 37-41.
ECOCHARD P., FONTAGNÉ L., GAULIER G. AND ZIGNAGO S. (2006), “Intra-Industry Trade and Economic Integration, in D. Hiratsuka, East Asia’s De Facto Economic Integration, Macmillan.
EVENETT S.J. AND W. KELLER (2002), “On Theories explaining the Success of the Gravity Equation”, Journal of Political Economy 110(2), 281-316.
FEENSTRA R.C. (1996), “U.S. Imports,1972-1994: Data Concordances”, NBER working paper 5515.
FEENSTRA R.C. (2002),“Border Effect and the Gravity Equation: Consistent method of Estimation”, Scottisch Journal of Political Economy, 49, 491-506.
FEENSTRA R.C., R. E. LIPSEY AND H.P. BOWEN (1997), “World Trade Flows, 1970-1992, with Production and Tariff Data”, NBER working paper 5910.
FEENSTRA R.C., R. E. LIPSEY, H. DENG, A. C. MA AND H. MO (2005), “World Trade Flows: 1962-2000”, NBER working paper 11040.
FEENSTRA R.C, J. ROMALIS AND P.K. SCHOTT (2002), “US Imports,Exports and Tariff data, 1989-2001”, NBER working paper 9387.
FONTAGNÉ L., G. GAULIER AND S. ZIGNAGO (2008), “Specialisation across Varieties within Products and North-South Competition”, Economic Policy 23.
FONTAGNÉ L., M. FREUDENBERG AND G. GAULIER (2006), “A Systematic Decomposition of World Trade into Horizontal and Vertical IIT”, Review ofWorld Economics 142 (3) : 459-475.
FONTAGNÉ L., D. LABORDE AND C. MITARITONNA (2008), “An Impact Study of the EUACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in the Six ACP Regions”, CEPII working paper 04.
MATTHEWS A. AND J. GALLEZOT (2006), “The role of EBA in the political economy of CAP reform”, in Everything But Arm, Routledge ed.,June, Ghent editor.
GAULIER G., F. LEMOINE AND D. ÜNAL-KESENCI (2006), “China’s Emergence and the Reorganisation of Trade Flows in Asia”, CEPII Working Paper 05.
GAULIER G. AND I. MÉJEAN (2006), “Import Prices, Variety and the Extensive Margin of Trade””, CEPII Working Paper 16.
GAULIER G. AND S. ZIGNAGO (2002), “La discrimination commerciale révélée comme mesure désagrégée de l’accès au marché”, Economie Internationale 89-90.
GROSSMAN G. (1998), “Comments on Deardorff”, in J.A. Frankel ed;, “The Regionalization of the World Economy”, University of Chicago Press.
IMBS J. AND I. MÉJEAN (2009), “Elasticity Optimism”, CEPR Discussion Paper 7177 and Working Paper Ecole Polytechnique 2009-05.
JOHNSON R.C. (2009), “Trade and Prices with Heterogeneous Firms”, mimeo.
HUMMELS D. (2001), “Toward a Geography of Trade Costs”, Global Trade Analysis Project Working Paper 17, Purdue University.
HUMMELS D. AND V. LUGOVSKYY (2006), “Are Matched Partner Statistics a Usable Measure of Transportation Costs?”, Review of International Economics 14(1), 69-86.
HUMMELS D. AND A. SKIBA (2004), “Shipping the Good Apples Out? An Empirical Confirmation of the Alchian-Allen Conjecture”, Journal of Political Economy vol. 112(6), 1384-1402.
LIMÃO N. AND A.J. VENABLES (2001), “Infrastructure, Geographical Disadvantage, and Transport Costs”, The World Bank Economic Review 15(3), 451-479.
MATYAS L. (1997), “Proper Econometric Specification of the Gravity Model”, The World Economy 20, 363-368
MULDER N., R. PAILLACAR AND S. ZIGNAGO (2009), “Market Positioning of Varieties in World Trade: is Latin America Losing Out on Asia?”, CEPII Working Paper 09.
TEN CATE, A. (2007), “Modelling the reporting discrepancies in bilateral data”, www.cpb.nl
UNITED NATIONS (2004), “International Merchandise Trade Statistics: Compilers Manual”, UN Statistics Division (UNSD), Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Series F, No.87. 114 p.
WORLD BANK (2008), “Determinants of Technological Progress: Recent Trends and Prospects”, in Global Economic Prospect 2008, Technology Diffusion in the Developing World, Chapter 3, pages 105-164.
Available Versions of this Item
Notes on BACI (analytical database of international trade). 1989-2002 version. (deposited 25. Jul 2011 00:21)
- BACI: A World Database of International Trade at the Product-level (The 1995-2004 Version). (deposited 29. Jun 2011 03:13) [Currently Displayed]