Chimeli, Ariaster B. and Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins and Gatti, Luciana (2011): Socio-economic drivers of greenhouse gas emissions in the brazilian Amazon: new evidence from Santarem, Para.
Download (705Kb) | Preview
We use a novel and more precise data set on greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations in the Amazon region to estimate the nexus between local economic indicators and GHGs. We find that urbanization and waste generation emerge as new and important drivers of observed methane emissions. Local nitrous oxides emissions seem to result mainly from agricultural production, and carbon dioxide seems to be driven by deforestation. Given the importance of the Amazon region to global climate, these findings can offer insight into the development of scientific models for the natural environment and the design of effective environmental policies for the region.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Socio-economic drivers of greenhouse gas emissions in the brazilian Amazon: new evidence from Santarem, Para|
|Keywords:||Brazilian Amazon, greenhouse gases|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries > N56 - Latin America; Caribbean
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q57 - Ecological Economics: Ecosystem Services; Biodiversity Conservation; Bioeconomics; Industrial Ecology
|Depositing User:||Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto|
|Date Deposited:||08. Jul 2011 16:57|
|Last Modified:||20. Feb 2013 09:13|
Artaxo, P. (2001). “The atmospheric component of biogeochemical cycles in the Amazon basin.” In: The biogeochemistry of the Amazon basin. McClain, M.E., Victoria, R.L. and Richey, J.E. (eds.), Oxford University Press.
Barbier, E., Bockstael, N., Burgess, J. and Strand, I. (1995). “The Linkages Between the Timber Trade and Tropical Deforestation - Indonesia.” The World Economy, Vol. 18(3), pp. 411-42.
Betts, R.A., Cox, P.M., Collins, M., Harris, P.P., Huntingford, C., and Jones, C.D. (2004). “The role of ecosystem-atmosphere interactions in simulated Amazonian precipitation decrease and forest dieback under global climate warming.” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 78, 157-175.
Cicerone, R.J. and Oremland, R.S. (1988). “Biogeochemical aspects of atmospheric methane.” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2, 299-327.
D’Amelio, M.T.S., Gatti, L.V., Miller, J.B. and Tans, P. (2009). “Regional N2O fluxes in Amazonia derived from aircraft vertical profiles.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussion, 9, 17429-17463.
do Carmo, J.B., Keller, M., Dias, J.D., de Camargo, P.B., and Crill, P. (2006). “A source of methane from upland forests in the Brazilian Amazon.” Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L04809.
Draxler, R.R. and Rolph, G.D. (2011). HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) Model access via NOAA ARL READY Website (http://ready.arl.noaa.gov/HYSPLIT.php). NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.
Garcia-Montiel, D., Steudler, P.A., Piccolo, M., Neill, C. Melillo, J. and Cerri, C.C. (2003). “Nitrogen oxide emissions following wetting of dry soils in forest pastures in Rondonia, Brazil.” Biochemistry Journal, 64, 319-336.
Gatti, L., Miller, J.B., D’Amelio, M.T.S., Martinewski, A., Basso, L.S., Gloor, M.E., Wofsy, S. and Tans, P. (2010). “Vertical profiles of CO2 above eastern Amazonia suggest a net carbon flux to the atmosphere and balanced biosphere between 2000 and 2009.” Tellus, 62B, 581-594.
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE). Censo agropecuario 1995/1996, 2006. Available from: http://www.sidra.ibge.gov.br/
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE). Censo populacional 2000, 2010. Available from: http://www.ibge.gov.br/
Keppler, F., Hamilton, J.T.G., Brass, M., and Rockmann, R. (2006). “Methane emissions from terrestrial plants under aerobic conditions.” Nature, 439 (7073), 187-191.
Kiese, R., Hewett, B., and Graham, A. (2003). “Seasonal variability of N2O emissions and CH4 uptake by tropical rainforest soils of Queensland, Australia.” Global Geochemical Cycles, 17, 1043.
Malhi, Y., Roberts, J.T., Betts, R.A., Killeen, T.J., Li, W. and Nobre, C.A. (2008). “Climate change, deforestation and the fate of the Amazon.” Science, Vol. 319, No. 5860, pp. 169-172.
Marengo, J.A. and Nobre, C.A. (2001). “General characteristics and variability of climate in the Amazon basin and its links to the global climate system.” In: The biogeochemistry of the Amazon basin. McClain, M.E., Victoria, R.L. and Richey, J.E. (eds.), Oxford University Press.
Miller, J.B., Gatti, L.V., D’Amelio, M.T.S, Crotwell, A.M., Dlugokencky, E.J., Bakwin, P., Artaxo, P. and Tans, P.P. (2007). “Airborne measurements indicate large methane emissions from the eastern Amazon basin.” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34.
Perez, T., Trumbore, S.E., Tyler, S.C. (2000). “Isotropic variability of N2O emissions from tropical forest soils.” Global Biochemical Cycles, 14, 525-535.
Shukla, J., Nobre, C. and Sellers, P. (1990). “Amazon deforestation and climate change.” Science, Vol. 247, No. 4948, pp. 1322-1325.
Stone, S.W. (1998). “Using a Geopraphic Information System for Applied Policy Analysis: The Case of Logging in the Eastern Amazon.” Ecological Economics, Vol 27, pp. 43-61.
Uhl, C., A. Verissimo, A., Mattos, M., Brandino, Z. and Vieira, I. (1991). “Social, Economic, and Ecological Consequences of Selective Logging in an Amazonian Frontier: The case of Tailandia.” Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 55, pp. 39-60.
US EPA (2011). “Inventory of US greenhouse gas emissions and sinks: 1990-2009”. US Environmental Protection Agency, EPA 430-R-1-005, April 15, 2011.
Van Haren, J.L.M, Handley, L.L., Biel, K.Y, Kudeyarov, V.N., Mclain, J.E.T, Martens, D.A., and Colodner, D.C. (2005). “Drought-induced nitrous oxide flux dynamics in an enclosed tropical forest.” Global Change Biology, 11, 1247-1257.
Verchot, L.V., Davidson, E.A., Cattannio, J.H. (1999). “Land use and biogeochemical controls of nitrogen oxide emissions from soils in eastern Amazonia.” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13, 31-46.
Verissimo, A., Barreto, P., Tarifa, R. and Uhl, C. (1995). “Extraction of a High- Value Natural Resource in Amazonia: The Case of Mahogany.” Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 72, pp. 39-60.
Wick, B., Veldkamp, E., de Mello, W.Z., Keller, M., and Crill, P. (2005). “Nitrous oxide fluxes and nitrogen cycling along a pasture chronosequence in Central Amazonia, Brazil.” Biogeosciences Discussion, 2, 499-535.