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Impact of the business environment on output and productivity in Africa

Bah, El-hadj M. and Fang, Lei (2011): Impact of the business environment on output and productivity in Africa.

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Abstract

We develop a general equilibrium model to assess the quantitative effects of the business environment, including regulation, crime, corruption, infrastructure and access to finance, on output and total factor productivity (TFP) for 30 Sub-Saharan African countries. The first four dimensions create inefficiencies at the firm level and are modeled as a tax on output. From the data, we find that on average firms in Africa lose a fifth of their sales due to those inefficiencies. On the other hand, poor access to credit affects the reallocation of resources across firms, capital formation and production scale. We find that the quantitative effects of these dimensions of the business environment are large, leading to decreases in output and TFP in the range of 40 to 77 percent and 18 to 44 percent respectively. Overall, they explain 67 percent of the variation in income per worker relative to the US.

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  • Impact of the business environment on output and productivity in Africa. (deposited 01. Aug 2011 10:12) [Currently Displayed]
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