Mehta, Rajesh and Narrod, Clare and Tiongco, Marites (2008): Livestock industrialization, trade and social-health-environment impacts in developing countries: a case of Indian poultry sector.
Download (1MB) | Preview
This paper presents the results of an empirical study of the Indian Poultry Industry which is specially focused on the social and environmental outcomes generated by the rapidly increasing scale of egg and broiler production in India. Among the effects of these rapid changes that occurred in the poultry industry include increased risk for animal health, changes in demand patters in terms of amount, quality, and food safety, higher prices for high value items; but there is also a threat to smallholders that they will be excluded from more demanding markets. There are important questions, which have arisen with the industrialization of poultry activity in India. Is the scaling up of production driving small producers to disadvantage on account of high transaction costs, policy distortions and environment externalities? Why do some poultry farms have higher incomes than others? Do large farms earn more profit per unit of output than small farms? What explains the differentials in efficiency? An attempt is made here to take stock of these changes and to assess their social and environmental outcomes particularly those that affect the welfare of poor. The paper starts by examining the state of the Indian Poultry Industry, and then it goes in dealing with selected socio-economic, health, and environment changes that affect the competitiveness of livestock production including domestic institutional arrangement of food safety standards.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Livestock industrialization, trade and social-health-environment impacts in developing countries: a case of Indian poultry sector|
|Keywords:||Indian poultry sector; livestock industrialization; competitiveness; transaction costs; environmental externalities; contract farming|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O30 - General
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics
N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries > N55 - Asia including Middle East
|Depositing User:||Rajesh Mehta|
|Date Deposited:||08. Aug 2011 20:42|
|Last Modified:||05. Apr 2015 03:54|
Ali, M. and J.C. Flinn. (1989), "Profit Efficiency Among Basmati Rice Produces in Pakistan Punjab." Amer. J. Agr. Econ., May(1989):303-310.
APEDA (2006), Residue Monitoring Plan for 2006, for Drugs and Pesticides for Exported Egg Products to the European Union, March.
Battese, G. E. (1992), "Frontier Production Functions and Technical Efficiency: A Survey of Empirical Applications in Agricultural Economics." Agric. Econ, 7:185-208.
Battese, G. E. and T. J. Coelli. (1995), "A Model for Technical Inefficiency Effects in a Stochastic Frontier Production Function for Panel Data." Empirical Economics, 20: 325-332.
Coelli, T., D.S. Prasada Rao, and G.E. Battese. (1998), An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 275 pages.
CMIE (2004), India's Trade
Crucikshank ( 2002). "Food Conversion Ratios (FCR) and average live weights for animals and poultry", (http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview?id=25449).
Delgado, C., et al. (2008), Determinants and Implications of the Growing Scale of Livestock Farms in Four Fast-Growing Developing Countries, Research Report No. 157, IFPRI, Washington, D.C.
Desai, A. (2004) "An Overview of the Indian Poultry and Future Scenario", All India Poultry Year Book, Special Millennium Issue.
FAO (2006), FAO STAT website
FAO and OECD (2006), "Impact of Animal Disease Outbreaks on Livestock Markets", Committee on Commodity Problems, Inter-government Group on Meat and Diary Products, 21st Seminar, Rome, 13-16 November.
Fried, H. O., C.A. Knox Lovell, and S. S. Schmidt, editors, (1993), The Measurement of Productive Efficiency: Techniques and Applications, Oxford University Press. New York.
Government of India (2002), Report of the Working Group on Animal Husbandry and Dairying for The Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-2007), Planning Commission,
Government of India (2006), Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi.
Government of India (2007-08), Custom Tariff.
Government of India, Custom Tariff of India, various issues.
Government of India, Economic Survey, various issues.
Government of India, National Income Accounts Statistics, various issues, Central Statistical Organisation.
Kearney, A.T. and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII): "Retail in India: Getting organized to Drive growth", http://www.ibef.org/industry/retail.aspx.
Khare, S.P. (2003-04), "Estimation of Production and Marketing Parameters of Indian Poultry Industry", Poultry Year Book.
Landes, M., S. Persuad, and J. Dyek (2004), "India's Poultry Sector; Development and Prospects", Market and Trade Economics Division, Economic Research Unit, US Dept. of Agriculture, Agriculture and Trade Report, WRS 04-03, January.
Lohmann (http://www.nicholas-turkey.com/docs/Lohmann%20Me), visited on 12/27/2006 Mehta, R. (2005), "Non-Tariff Barriers Affecting India's Exports", RIS DP #97.
Mehta, R. (2006), "Indian Poultry Industry in Global Context", World Agro Trade Scanner, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 7-11.
Mehta,R. et al. (2002), "Livestock Industrialization, Trade and Social-Health-Environment Issues for the Indian Poultry Sector", Livestock Industrialization Project; Phase I, IFPRI, June.
Mehta, R. et al. (2003), "Policy, Technical, and Environmental Determinants and Implications of the Scaling up of Broiler and Egg Production in India" Livestock Industrialization Project, Phase II IFPRI- FAO Project.
Mehta, R. et al. (2005), Food Safety Standards and Indian Food Exports, Workshop on "International Food Safety Regulations and Processed Food Exports: A Comparative Study of India and Thailand", RIS, New Delhi, August 13, 2005.
Mehta, R. and J. George (2005), "Institutional and Legal Framework of Food Safety Regulation in India", in Mehta, R. and J. George (Eds.), Food Safety Regulation Concerns and Trade: The Developing Country Perspective, Macmillan India Ltd., pp 141-186.
Mehta, R. and P. Mathur (2004), "India's Export by Countries and Commodities: On the Estimation of a Forecasting Model Using Panel Data", RIS DP # 84 .
Mehta, R. &R. Nambiar. (2008), "The poultry industry in India", Poultry in the 21st Century: avian influenza and beyond, Proceedings of the International Poultry Conference, FAO Animal Production and Health Proceedings, No. 9, FAO Rome.
Mehta, R., R. Nambiar and S. Ray (2005), "WTO and Poultry Industry in India", South Asian Journal, Vol 9, July-September, pp.69-87.
Mohanty, S. and K. Rajendran (2003), "2010 Vision for Indian Poultry", International Journal of Poultry Science, 2(2) 139-143.
Panchamukhi, V.R., et al. (1995), Complementarity in Trade and Production: Intra South Potential, Sage Publications, New Delhi/Thousand Oaks/London, 1995, pp.1-179.
Poultry Times of India, (2007), "Enormous Poultry Expansion Possible in India", a special interview with Mr. Wiebe Van Der Sluis, Vol. 11, November 2007, pp. 6-8.
Rajan, B.S. (2007), "Integrated Broiler Production - A Process of Transformation", Hind Poultry, Vol VI, No. 6, pp. 25-33.
Ramaswami, B., P. Birthal and P.K.Joshi (2006), "Efficiency and Distribution and Contract Farming: The Case of Indian Poultry Growth", MTID Discussion Paper No.91, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, January.
Reddy, C.V. (2001), "Sustainable Poultry Production for Poverty Alleviation and Human Development in South Asian countries", paper presented at the South Asian Regional Conference and Exhibition, Pune, September 24-26.
Tiongco, M., Narrod, C. & Delgado, C. 2006. Equitable intensification of market-oriented smallholder dairy and poultry production in India through contract farming: a synthesis. Final Report of IFPRI-FAO Contract Farming of Milk and Poultry in India Project. Washington DC, International Food Policy Research Institute.
Suguna Group (2006), "Poultry Market - opportunities for Farmers", presented by P.K Bharadwaj, G.M., Corporate Finance Suguna Poultry Farm Ltd., Coimbatoire, 2006.