Yamamura, Eiji (2011): Effects of sex preference and social pressure on fertility in changing Japanese families.
Download (354kB) | Preview
This study explored how social pressure related to parental preference for the sex of their children affects fertility. Pre-war and post-war generations were compared using individual level data previously collected in Japan in 2002. In the pre-war generation, if the first child was a daughter, the total number of children tended to increase not only when the mother preferred a son, but also when the mother did not have a preference for either gender. This tendency was not observed for the post-war generation. Results suggest that social pressure related to giving birth to a son led to high fertility in the pre-war generation; however, fertility was not influenced by social pressure in the post-war generation. This was because of a change in the influence of the traditional marriage system.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Effects of sex preference and social pressure on fertility in changing Japanese families|
|Keywords:||Fertility, son preference, social pressure, family structure|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||eiji yamamura|
|Date Deposited:||23. Aug 2011 07:54|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 10:13|
Ahn, N., Mira, P., 2002. A note on the changing relationship between fertility and female employment rates in developed countries. Journal of Population Economy 15, 667-682.
Arnold, F., Liu, Z., 1986. Sex preference, fertility, and family planning in China. Population and Development Review 12(2), 221-246.
Becker, G., 1965. A theory of the allocation of time. The Economic Journal 75, 493-517.
Becker, G., Murphy, K., 2000. Social Economics: Market Behavior in a Social Environment. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Behrman, J., 1988. Intrahousehold allocation of nutrients in rural India: Are boys favored? Do parents exhibit inequality aversion? Oxford Economic Papers 40, 32-54.
Behrman, J., Pollak, R., Taubman, P., 1986. Do parents favor boys? International Economic Review 27, 33-54.
Ben-Porath, Y., Welch, F., 1976. Do sex preferences really matter? Quarterly Journal of Economics, 90: 285-307.
Ben-Porath, Y., Welch, F., 1980. On sex preferences and family size. Research in Population Economics 2, 387-399.
Chu, J., 2001. Prenatal sex determination and sex-selective abortion in rural central China. Population and Development Review 27(2), 259-281.
Cigno, A., 1991. Economics of family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Dahl, G.B., Moretti, E., 2008. The demand for sons. Review of Economic Studies 75(4), 1085-1120.
Das, N., 1987. Sex preference and fertility on reproductive behavior: A study of recent Indian data. Demography 24, 517-530.
Ebenstein, A., 2010. The ‘missing girls’ of China and the unintended consequence of the one child policy. Journal of Human Resources 45(1), 87-115.
Galor, O., Weil, D.N., 1996. The gender gap, fertility and growth. American Economic Review 86(3), 374-387.
Greif, A., 1994. Cultural beliefs and the organization of society: A historical and theoretical reflection on collectivist and individualist societies. Journal of Political Economy 102, 912-950.
Greif, A., 2002. Institutions and impersonal exchange: from communal to individual responsibility. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 158, 168-204.
Gutierrez-Domenech, M., 2008. The impact of the labour market on the timing of marriage and births in Spain. Journal of Population Economy 21(1), 83-110.
Hayami, Y., 1998. Norms and rationality in the evolution of economic systems: A view from Asian villages. Japanese Economic Review 49, 36-53.
Hayami, Y., 2001. Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hendry, J., 1981. Marriage in Changing Japan: Community and Society. Tokyo: Tuttle Publishers. pp. 122, 141
Kawaguchi, D., Miyazaki, J., 2009. Working mothers and sons’ preferences regarding female labor supply: Direct evidence from stated preferences. Journal of Population Economy 22(1), 115-130.
Kureishi, W., Wakabayashi, M., 2011. Son preference and fertility in Japan. Forthcoming in Journal of Population Economics.
Leung, S.G., 1988. On tests for sex preferences. Journal of Population Economics 1, 95-114.
Leung, S.G., 1991. A stochastic dynamic analysis of parental sex preferences and fertility. Quarterly Journal of Economics 121, 1063-1088.
Leung, S.G., 1994. Will sex selection reduce fertility? Journal of Population Economics 7(4), 379-392.
Lundberg, S., 2005. Sons, daughters, and parental behavior. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 21(3), 340-356.
Qian, N., 2008. Missing women and the price of tea in China: The effect of sex-specific earnings on sex imbalance. Quarterly Journal of Economics 123(3), 1251-1285.
Ramseyer, J.M., 1996. Odd markets in Japanese history: Law and economic growth. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Wooldridge, J.M., 2002. Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data. London: MIT Press.
Yamamura, E., 2008a. Impact of formal and informal deterrents on driving behavior. Journal of Socio-Economics 37(6), 2505-2512.
Yamamura, E., 2008b. The market for lawyers and social capital: Are informal rules a substitute for formal ones? Review of Law & Economics 4(1), Article 23.
Zeng, Y., Tu, P., Bu, B., Xu, Y., Li, B., Li, Y., 1993. Causes and implications of the recent increase in the reported sex ratio at birth in China. Population and Development Review 19(2), 283-302.