Nedergaard, Peter (2005): The analysis of mutual learning processes in the European employment strategy: a social constructivist approach. Published in:
Download (359kB) | Preview
The paper is structured as follows: Section 2 summarizes the recent debate in the political science literature on analytical approaches to learning, which has gradually developed in a direction of being less and less individualistic. Section 3 follows up on this development and introduces a social constructivist approach to learning that redefines learning as changes in language-constituted relations to others. In section 4 this argument is elaborated into a model for mutual learning. Section 5 contains a qualitative analysis of the organisation of the EES in practice with regard to the possibilities of policy diffusion of the EES learning processes as predicted in the model in section 4. Section 6 deals with the conflictual views on the size and character of the learning processes of the EES in recent studies and proposes a new methodological path to investigate the mutual learning processes based upon a social constructivist approach. Section 7 is the conclusion of the article which sums up the examination of the both the various approaches to learning analysed in the paper and the evaluation of the possibilities of policy diffusion resulting from the learning processes.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The analysis of mutual learning processes in the European employment strategy: a social constructivist approach|
|Keywords:||Mutual learning, European employment strategy, social constructivism|
|Subjects:||E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment|
|Depositing User:||Peter Nedergaard|
|Date Deposited:||01. Sep 2011 13:00|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 10:30|
Alesina, A. & R. Perotti (2004). The European Union: a politically incorrect view. NBER Working Paper No. w10342. Harvard University. Institute of Economic Research. Harvard, March 2004
Barbier, Jean-Claude (2004). Research on «Open method of coordination» and national social policies: What sociological theories and methods? Paper for the RC 19 international conference, Centre d’études de l’emploi. Paris, 2-4 september 2004.
Berger, P.L. & Luckman, T. (1966). The Social Construction of Reality. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.
Bertelsen, E. & A. Haxø (2002). Til en socialkonstruktionistisk læringsforståelse. Et teoretisk Eksperiment. Unpublished master thesis. Roskilde University Centre.
Bohr, N. (1964). Atomfysik og menneskelig erkendelse II. Copenhagen: Schultz Publ.
Borrás, S. & K. Jacobsson (2004). The Open Method of Co-ordination and New Governance Patterns in the EU. Journal of European Public Policy 11 (2), pp. 185-208.
Casey, B.H. & M. Gold (2004). Peer Review of the Labour Market Policies in the European Union: what can countries really learn from one another? Working Paper. Birckbeck College/ London School of Economics/Royal Holloway University of London. London, January 2004.
Checkel, J.T. (1999): Social construction and integration. Journal of European Public Policy 6 (4), pp. 545-560. Commission (2002). Taking Stock of Five Years of the European Employment Strategy, COM (2002) 416 final.
De Deken, Johan Jeroen (2003). The Role of Benchmarking and the Open Method of Co-ordination in the Transformation of the European Welfare Sates. The Case of Old-Age Pensions and Labour Market Reform. Paper prepared for the ESPAnet conference. Copenhagen,13-15 November 2003.
Eriksen, E.O. and J.E. Fossum (eds.) (2000): Democracy in the European Union – Integration through Deliberation. London: Routledge.
Flockhart, T. (2004): “Masters and Novices”: Socialization and Social Learning through the NATO Parliamentary Assembly. International Relations 18 (3), pp. 361-380.
Foucault, M. (1982). Subject and Power, citet in H. L. Dreyfus & P. Rabinow (1982), Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. Chicago, Ill.: The University of Chicago Press.
Gergen, K. J. (1985). The Social Constructionist Movement in Modern Psychology, American Psychologist 40 (3), pp. 266-275.
Gergen, K. J. (1995). Social Construction and the Educational Process. In L.P. Steffe & J. Gale (ed.) Constructionism in Education. Hillsdale, New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Ass.
Gergen, K.J. (1998). Constructionism and Realism: How Are We to Go On? In I. Parker (ed.) Social Constructionism, Discourse and Realism, Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Gergen, K. J. ( 2001). Social Construction in Context. London: Sage Publications. Haas, E.B. (1990): When Knowledge Is Power. Three Models of Change in International Organizations. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Haas, P. (1992): Introduction: Epistemic Communities and International Policy Co- ordination, International Organization 46 (1), pp. 1-37.
Hajer, M. (1995): The Politics of Environmental Discourse – Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jacobsson, K.(2003): Soft Regulation and the Subtle Transformation of States: The Case of EU Employment Policy, Paper presented at workshop: The European Union's Open Method of Coordination: Rhetoric, Reality, and the Politics of Policy Reform. Harvard University, April 28, 2003.
Jacobsson, K. and Å. Vifell (2003): Integration by Deliberation? On the role of Committees in the Open Method of Co-ordination. Working paper. European University Institute. Firenze, February 2003.
Lave, J. (1999). Læring, mesterlære, social praksis. In K. Nielsen & S. Kvale (ed.), Mesterlære. Læring som social praksis. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzels Forlag.
Levy, J. (1994): Learning and Foreign Policy: Sweeping a Conceptual Minefield. International Organization. 48 (2), pp. 279-312.
Nedergaard, P. (2001): Organiseringen af Den Europæiske Union. Bureaukrater i beslutningsprocessen: EU-forvaltningens effektivitet og legitimitet. København: Handelshøjskolens Forlag.
Nedergaard, P. (2005a): Blocking Minorities. Networks and Meaning in the Opposition Against the Proposal for a Directive on Temporary Work in the Council of Ministers of the European Union (forthcoming).
Nedergaard, P. (2005b): The Open Method of Co-ordination and the Analysis of Mutual Learning Processes of the European Employment Strategy (forthcoming).
Nedergaard, P. (2005c): The Open Method of Coordination and “Mutual Learning”: European and Nordic Experiences in the Employment Field (forthcoming).
Norval, A.J. (2004) Democratic Identification: A Wittgensteinian Approach. Working Paper from Conference on Democratic Network Governance. University of Essex. Essex, 21-22 October 2004.
Nye, J.S., Jr. (1987): Nuclear Learning and U.S.-Soviet Security Regimes. International Organization 41 (3), pp. 371-402.
European Council (2000): Presidency conclusions, Lisbon European Council, 23-24 March 2000. Citing electronic sources of information [WWW] Available from: Http://ue.eu.int/ueDocs/cms_Data/docs/pressData/en/ec/00100-r1.en0.htm [Accessed 12/15/04]
Shotter, J. (1995) In conversation: joint action, shared intentionality, and the ethics of conversation. Theory and Psychology 5, pp. 49-73.
Stone, D. (1999). Learning Lessons and Transforming Policy across Time, Space and Discipliners. Politics 19 (1), pp. 51-59.
Trubek, D.M. & L.G. Trubek (2003). Hard and Soft Law in the Construction of Social Europe: the Role of the Open Method of Coordination. Working Paper of the Governance Project. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Center for European Union Studies. Wisconsin Madison, December 2003.
Zeitlin, J. (2003): The Open Method of Coordination and the Future of the European Employment Strategy, Paper presented at a hearing in the European Parliament. Bruxelles, 8 July 2002.
Zeitlin, J. (2004): Introduction: The Open Method of Coordination in Question, in J. Zeitlin & P. Pochet with L. Magnusson (eds.), The Open Method in Action: European Employment and Social Inclusion Strategies, P.I.E.-Peter Lang.
Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1953). Philosophical Investigations. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Ørnsholt, K. & T. Vestergaard (2003). Den åbne koordinationsmetode – en europæisk styreform baseret på deliberative processer? En teoretisk og empirisk analyse af den europæiske beskæftigelsesstrategi. Unpublished Master Thesis. Aarhus University.