Fischer, Justina (2011): Living under the ‘right’ government: does political ideology matter to trust in political institutions? An analysis for OECD countries.
Download (685Kb) | Preview
This paper asks whether trust in political institutions depends on individual’s political leaning and the political ideology of the national government. We employ information on 140'000 individuals in 30 democratic OECD countries from the World Values Survey, 1981 – 2007, and estimate so-called micro-based pseudo-panel two-way fixed effects models. Distinguishing between extreme and moderate versions of leftist and rightist political leaning, our estimates reveal that political trust increases non-linearly in the degree of individual’s conservatism. We also find that political leaning is not instrumental to improving one's own socio-economic situation, thus rather constituting an expressive behavior. If government ideology matches individual’s political preferences, trust in political institutions is increased. In contrast, the ‘apolitical’ appears to distrust the political system as such. We also find evidence for a symmetric, but incomplete convergence of party ideologies to the median voter position. Implications for vote abstention are discussed.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Living under the ‘right’ government: does political ideology matter to trust in political institutions? An analysis for OECD countries|
|Keywords:||political trust; government ideology; political leaning; World Values Survey|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H1 - Structure and Scope of Government > H11 - Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government
D - Microeconomics > D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making > D72 - Political Processes: Rent-Seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||Justina AV Fischer|
|Date Deposited:||12. Sep 2011 20:14|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 16:11|
Aizenman, J. and N. Marion (1993), Policy uncertainty, persistence and growth, Review of International Economics 1,145-163.
Alesina, A. (1988), Credibility and Policy Convergence in a Two-Party System with Rational Voters, American Economic Review 78, 796-805
Alesina, A., R. Di Tella, and R. MacCulloch (2004), Inequality and happiness: are Europeans and Americans different?, Journal of Public Economics 88, 2009-2042.
Anderson, C.J. and A.J. LoTempio (2002), Winning, Losing and Political Trust in America, British Journal of Political Science 32, 335-351
Bean, C. (2003), Citizen Confidence in Social and Political Institutions in a Changing World, Paper presented to the Social Change in the 21st Century Conference, Centre for Social Change Research, Queensland University of Technology. Available through: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/114/ (8 June 2011)
Beck, T., G. Clarke, A. Groff, P. Keefer, and P. Walsh (2001), New tools in comparative political economy: The Database of Political Institutions, World Bank Economic Review 15, 165-176. (version: December 2010).
Becker, S.O., K. Boeckh, C. Hainz, L. Woessmann (2011), The Empire is Dead, Long Live the Empire! Long-Run Persistence of Trust and Corruption in the Bureaucracy, CESifo Working Paper Series 3392.
Besley, T. and S. Coate (1998), Sources of Inefficiency in a Representative Democracy: A Dynamic Analysis, The American Economic Review 88, 139-156
Bjørnskov, C., A. Dreher, and J.A.V. Fischer (2010), Formal institutions and subjective well-being: Revisiting the cross-country evidence, European Journal of Political Economy 26, 419-430.
Bjørnskov, C., A. Dreher, and J.A.V. Fischer (2008), On decentralization and life satisfaction, Economics Letters 99, 147-151.
Blanchflower, D.G., and A.J. Oswald ( 2009), The U-Shape without Controls, The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 896, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
Blendon, R.J., J.M. Benson, R. Morin, D.E. Altman, M. Brodie, M. Brossard, and M. James (1997), ‘Changing Attitudes in America.’ In: J.S. Nye, Jr., P. D. Zelikow, and D. C. King, (Eds.), Why People Don’t Trust Government. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1980), Le capital social: notes provisoires, Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales 31, 2-3.
Braithwaite, V. and M. Levi, eds. (1998). Trust and Governance. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Butler, J., P. Giuliano and L. Guiso (2009), The Right Amount of Trust, Economics Working Papers ECO2009/33, European University Institute.
Chanley, V.A. (2002), Trust in Government in the Aftermath of 9/11: Determinants and Consequences, Political Psychology 23, 469-483.
Chanley, V.A., T.J. Rudolph, and W.M. Rahn (2000), The Origins and Consequences of Public Trust in Government: A Time Series Analysis, Public Opinion Quarterly 64, 229-256
Citrin, J. (1974), Comment: The Political Relevance of Trust in Government, American Political Science Review 68, 973-988.
Citrin, J. and D. P. Green (1986), Presidential Leadership and the Resurgence of Trust in Government, British Journal of Political Science 16, 431-453.
Citrin, J. and S. Luks (2001), Political Trust Revisited: Déjà vu All Over Again ? In: J. R. Hibbing and E. Theiss-Morse (Eds.), What is about Government Americans Dislike ? New York: Cambridge University Press.
Coleman, J. (1988), Social Capital in Creation of Human Capital, American Journal of Sociology 94, 95-121.
Congleton, R. (2002), The Median Voter Model. In: Rowley, R. K.; Schneider, F. (Eds.): The Encyclopedia of Public Choice. 2002.
Davis, J., F.D. Schoorman, R.C. Mayer, and H. Tan (2000), The Trusted General Manager and Business Unit Performance: Empirical Evidence of a Competitive Advantage, Strategic Management Journal 21, 563-576.
Davis, O.A., M.J. Hinich, and P.C. Ordeshook (1970), An Expository Development of a Mathematical Model of the Electoral Process, The American Political Science Review 64, 426-448.
DiTella, R., R.J. MacCulloch, and A.J. Oswald (2003), The Macroeconomics of Happiness, The Review of Economics and Statistics 85, 809-827.
Dreher, A. and J.A.V. Fischer (2010), Government Decentralization as a Disincentive for Transnational Terror? An Empirical Analysis, International Economic Review 51, 981-1002
Duggan, J. and C. Martinelli (2011), A Spatial Theory of Media Slant and Voter Choice, Review of Economic Studies 78, 640-666.
Downs, A. (1957). An Economic Theory of Democracy, New York: Harper Collins.
Evans, P. (1996), Government Action, Social Capital and Development: Reviewing the Evidence on Synergy, World Development 24, 1119-1132.
Feld, L.P., J.A.V. Fischer, and G. Kirchgässner (2010), The Effect of Direct Democracy on Income Redistribution: Evidence for Switzerland, Economic Inquiry 48, 817-840.
Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A. and P. Frijters (2004), How Important is Methodology for the estimates of the determinants of Happiness?, Economic Journal 114, 641-659.
Fischer, J.A.V. (2010), Stuttgart 21: mit direkter Demokratie aus der Sackgasse?, DIW Berlin, Wochenbericht 77, 19-25.
Fischer, J.A.V. (2009), Happiness and Age Cycles - Return to Start...?: On the Functional Relationship between Subjective Well-Being and Age, OECD, Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 99.
Fischer, J.A.V. and B. Torgler (2011), Do Positional Concerns Destroy Social Capital: Evidence from 26 Countries, forthcoming in Economic Inquiry
Frey, B.S. (1997), A Constitution for Knaves Crowds Out Civic Virtues, Economic Journal 107, 1043-1053.
Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: The social virtues and the creation of prosperity. London: Penguin Books.
Gershtenson, J., J. Ladewig, and D.L. Plane (2006), Parties, Institutional Control, and Trust in Government, Social Science Quarterly 87, 882-901.
Gwartney, J. and R. Lawson, with H. Grubel, J. de Haan, J.-E. Sturm, and E. Zandberg (2009). Economic Freedom of the World: 2009 Annual Report. Vancouver, BC: The Fraser Institute. Data retrieved from www.freetheworld.com
Hetherington, M. J. (1998), The Political Relevance of Trust, American Political Science Review 92, 791-808.
Hillman, A.L. (2010), Expressive behavior in economics and politics, European Journal of Political Economy 26, 403 – 418.
Hotelling, H. (1929), Stability in Competition, The Economic Journal 39, 41-57.
Keele, L. (2007), Social Capital and the Dynamics of Trust in Government, American Journal of Political Science 51, 241-254.
Keman, H. (2000), Federalism and policy performance. A conceptual and empirical inquiry, in: U. Wachendorfer-Schmidt (Ed.), Federalism and political performance, London: Routledge.
King, D.C. (1997), The Polarization of American Parties and Mistrust of Government. In: J. S. Nye, Jr., P.D. Zelikow, and D.C. King (Eds.), Why People Don't Trust Government, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Levi, M. and L. Stoker (2000), Political Trust and Trustworthiness, Annual Review of Political Science 3, 475-507.
Lindbeck, A. and J.W. Weibull (1993), A model of political equilibrium in a representative democracy, Journal of Public Economics 51, 195-209.
Lipset, S. M. and W. Schneider (1983), The Decline of Confidence in American Institutions, Political Science Quarterly 98, 379-402.
Matsusaka, J.G. (2005), Direct Democracy Works, Journal of Economic Perspectives 19, 185-206.
Miller, A.H. (1974a), Political Issues and Trust in Government: 1964-1970, American Political Science Review 68, 951-972.
Miller, A.H. (1974b), Rejoinder to 'Comment' by Jack Citrin, Political discontent or ritualism? American Political Science Review 68, 989-1001.
Mishler, W. and R. Rose (2001), What are the Origins of Political Trust? Testing Institutional and Cultural Theories in Post-Communist Societies, Comparative Political Studies 34, 30-62.
Mueller, D.C. (2003). Public Choice III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Newton, K. (2007), Social and Political Trust, In: Dalton, R.J. and H.-D. Klingemann (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 342-361.
Newton, K. and P. Norris (2000), Confidence in Public Institutions: Faith, Culture or Performance? In: S. Pharr and R. Putnam (Eds). DISAFFECTED DEMOCRACIES: What's Troubling the Trilateral Countries? Princeton, NJ: Princeton, University Press, 2000, Chapter 3, 54-73.
Orren, G. (1997), Fall From Grace: The Public's Loss of Faith in Government. In: P. Zelikow, J. Nye, Jr. and D.C. King (Eds.), Why People Don't Trust Government. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Özyilmaz, A. (2010), Vertical Trust in Organizations: A Review of Empirical Studies Over The Last Decade, Mustafa Kemal University Journal of Social Sciences Institute 7, 1 – 28.
Persson, T., and G. Tabellini (2000), Political Economics: Explaining Economic Policy, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Pew Research Center (1998), Deconstructing Trust: How Americans View Government. Washington DC: Pew Research Center for the People and the Press.
Pharr, S.J., and R.D. Putnam, eds., (2000). Discontented Democrats, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Putnam, R.D. (2000), Bowling alone. The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Rosenberg, M. (1956), Misanthropy and Political Ideology, American Sociological Review 21, 690-695
Rubal, M., C. Voces, M. Ferrín, and M. Caínzos (2007), Confidence in Institutions and Social Trust in Spain (1980-2005), Paper prepared for the ECPR Joint Session, May 2007, Helsinki, Finland. Workshop on “Social Trust, the State and Diversity”.
Schaffner B.F., and J.A. Clark (2004), Macro Trust: Partisanship and the Dynamics of Trust in Government, paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, New Orleans, L.A.
Stevenson, B. and J. Wolfers (2011), Trust in public institutions over the business cycle, CESifo Working Paper Series 3389, CESifo Group Munich.
Stolle, D. (2000), Social Capital: A New Research Agenda? Toward an Attitudinal Approach. In: ECPR Workshop13: Voluntary Associations, Social Captial and Interest Mediation: Forging the Link. Copenhagen.
Van Landeghem, B.G.M. (2008), Human Well-Being over the Life Cycle: Longitudinal Evidence from a 20-Year Panel, K.U.Leuven LICOS Discussion Papers 21308.
Warren, M.E., ed., (1999). Democracy and Trust. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.