Cocchi, Andrea (2011): Business models as systemic instruments for the evolution of traditional districts?
Download (1MB) | Preview
This paper aims to explore the potential role of Innovation Intermediaries in the evolution of a traditional cluster toward a service-oriented perspective. In particular, we will highlight the generative function of business models, here as market devices, in stimulating the co- evolution of Intermediary and target firms’ strategies.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Business models as systemic instruments for the evolution of traditional districts?|
|Keywords:||Business Models, Innovation Intermediaries, Entrepreneurship, Manufacturing, Systemic Instruments|
|Subjects:||A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A12 - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O33 - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L26 - Entrepreneurship
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D83 - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief
L - Industrial Organization > L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing > L64 - Other Machinery; Business Equipment; Armaments
|Depositing User:||Andrea Cocchi|
|Date Deposited:||28. Sep 2011 15:22|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 14:15|
A. CUERVO, A., D. RIBEIRO, D. & S. ROIG, S. P. H. S. (2007) Entrepreneurship: Concepts, theory and perspective, Heidelberg, Springer.
AAVV (2011) High Level Group on Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) - Thematic Report by the Working Team on Advanced Manufacturing Systems. DG Enterprise and Industry Thematic reports. Bruxelles, European Commission - DG Entreprise and Industry.
BADEN-FULLER, C., DEMIL, B., LECOQ, X. & MACMILLAN, I. (2010) Editorial. Long Range Planning, 43, 143-145.
BADEN-FULLER, C. & MORGAN, M. S. (2010) Business Models as Models. Long Range Planning, 43, 156-171.
BALCONI, M., BRUSONI, S. & ORSENIGO, L. In defence of the linear model: An essay. Research Policy, 39, 1-13.
BARNARD, C. I. (1968) The Rise of the executive, Cambridge, Massachissetts, Harvard University Press.
BARQUET, A., CUNHA, V., OLIVEIRA, M. & ROZENFELD, H. (2011) Business Model Elements for Product-Service System. IN HESSELBACH, H. (Ed.) Functional Thinking for value Creation: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems. Berlin-Heidelberg Springer-Verlag.
BARRAS, R. (1986) Towards a theory of innovation in services. Research Policy, 15, 161- 173. BELLINI, N. (2000) Real Services: A Re-appraisal. European Planning Studies, 8, 711-728.
BELLINI, N., GIORDANI, M. & PASQUINI, F. (1990) The industrial Policy of Emilia-Romagna: the Business Service Centres. IN LEONARDI, R. & NANETTI, R. Y. (Eds.) The Regions and European Integration. The Case of Emilia-Romagna. London, Pinter Publisher.
BIANCHI, P. & BELLINI, N. (1991) Public policies for local networks of innovators Research Policy, 20, 487-497.
BIANCHI, P. & LABORY, S. (2011) Industrial Policy after the Crisis: the Case of the Emilia- Romagna Region in Italy. Policy Studies, 32, 429-445
BIEGE, S., COPANI, G., LAY, G., MARVULLI, M. & SCHROEDER, M. (2009) Innovative Service-Based Business Concepts for the Machine Tool Building Industry. CIRP IPS2 Conference. Cranfield University, CIRP.
BIEGE, S., SCHRÖ TER, M. & WEISSENBERGER-EIBL, M. (2011) Product Adaptation for Industrial Product-Service Systems – Characteristics, Motives and Challenges. IN HESSELBACH, H. (Ed.) Functional Thinking for Value Creation: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems. Belin- Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag.
BOZEMAN, B. (2000) Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory Research Policy, 29, 627 – 655.
BRESLIN, D. (2008) A review of the evolutionary approach to the study of entrepreneurship. International Journal of Management Reviews, 10, 399-423.
BRUSCO, S. (1982) The Emilian model: productive decentralisation and social integration. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 6, 167 - 184.
BUENZA, D. & GARUD, R. (2007) Calculators, lemmings or frame-makers? The intermediary role of securities analysts. IN CALLON, M., MILLO, Y. & MUNIESA, F. (Eds.) Market Devices. Oxford:UK, Blackwell Publishing.
CALLON, M. (1989) Four models of the dynamics of science. IN JANASOFF, S. (Ed.) Handbook of ScienceandTechnologyStudies. ThousandOaks,CA, Sage.
CANTNER, U., MEDER, A. & TER WAL, A. L. J. (2010) Innovator networks and regional knowldge base. Technovation, 30, 496-507.
CARLSSON, B. (2005) Entrepreneurship and public policy in emerging clusters. Unpublished Paper. Weatherhead School of Management, Case Western Reserve University.
CASADESUS-MASANELL, R. & RICART, J. E. (2010) From Strategy to Business Models and onto Tactics. Long Range Planning, 43, 195-215.
CHANDLER, A. D. (1977) The Visible Hand. The Managerial Revolution in American Business, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
CHESBROUGH, H. & ROSENBLOOM, R. S. (2002) The role of the business model in capturing value from innovation: evidence from Xerox Corporation's technology spin- off companies. Industrial and Corporate Change, 11, 529-555.
COCCHI, A. (2011) Innovation by Intermediation. The case of New Business Model for the Machine Tool Sector in Emilia-Romagna (Italy). Case Studies in Service Innovation. Springer Science+Business Media.
COEURDEROY, R. & DUPLAT, V. (2008) Intermediary Institutions and Embeddedness in Technology Networks. IN HENDRIKSE, G., TUUNANEN, M., WINDSPERGER, J. & CLIQUET, G. (Eds.) Strategy and Governance of Networks. Cooperatives, Franchising, and Strategic Alliances. Heidelberg, Physica-Verlag HD.
COMMISSION, E. (2011) Cordis. Bruxelles. CONSOLI, D. & MINA, A. (2009) An evolutionary perspective on health innovation systems. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 19, 297-319.
CONTI, J. P. (2007) Smart talk [M2M - machine-to-machine communications]. Manufacturing Engineer, 86, 20-23.
COOKE, P. (1996) Building a Twenty-First Century Regional Economy in Emilia-Romagna. European planning Studies, 4. COOMBS, R., HARVEY, M. & TETHER, B. S. (2003) Analysing distributed processes of provision and innovation. Ind Corp Change, 12, 1125-1155.
COPANI, G. (2011) La Ricerca Europea su Modelli di Business Manifatturieri Innovativi. New Business Models nel settore macchine utensili. Piacenza, Consorzio MUSP.
COPANI, G., L. MOLINARI TOSATTI, L., LAY, G., SCHROETER, M. & BUENO, R. (2007) New Business Models diffusion and trends in European machine tool industry. 40th CIRP 40th CIRP International Manufacturing Systems Seminar. Liverpool, CIRP.
DAZIEL, M. (2010) Why do innovation intermediaries exists? Druid Summer Conference. Imperial College, London, Imperial College London Business School.
DEMIL, B. & LECOCQ, X. (2010) Business Model Evolution: In Search of Dynamic Consistency. Long Range Planning, 43, 227 - 246.
DOGANOVA, L. & EYQUEM-RENAULT, M. (2009) What do business models do? Innovation devices in technology entrepreneurship. Research Policy.
DOPFER, K. & POTTS, J. (2008) The General Theory of Eocnomic Evolution, Abingdon, Routledge.
ELIADIS, P., HILL, M. & HOWLETT, M. (2005) Introduction. IN ELIADIS, P., HILL, M. & HOWLETT, M. (Eds.) Designing Government. Monreal, McGill-Queen's University Press. ELSNER, W. (2008) Why Meso? On “Aggregation” and “Emergence”, and Why and How the Meso Level is Essential in Social Economics. Forum for Social Economics, 36, 1-16.
ELSNER, W. (2010) The process and a simple logic of 'meso'. Emergence and the co- evolution of institutions and group size. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 20, 445- 445-477.
ERA (2009) European Rental Association - Annual Report 2009.
FREEMAN, C. (1995) The 'National System of Innovation' in historical perspective. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 19, 5-24.
GAGLIARDI, D., MINA, A. & CUNNINGHAM, P. (2007) CASE STUDY REGIONAL REPORT: EMILIA-ROMAGNA (ITALY) RIP-WATCH ANALYSIS OF THE REGIONAL DIMENSIONS OF INVESTMENT IN RESEARCH.
GALLOUJ, F. (1998) Innovating in reverse: services and the reverse product cycle. European Journal of Innovation Management, 1, 123-138.
GAMBARDELLA, A. & MCGAHAN, A. M. (2010) Business-Model Innovation: General Purpose Technologies and their Implications for Industry Structure. Long Range Planning, 43, 262-271.
GAROFOLI, G. (2002) Local Development in Europe. Theoretical Models and Internatinal Comaprisons. European Urban and Regional Studies, 9, 225 - 239.
GARUD, R., HARDY, C. & MAGUIRE, S. (2007) Institutional Entrepreneurship as Embedded Agency: An Introduction to the Special Issue. Organization Studies, 28, 957-969.
GARUD, R. & KARNØE, P. (2003) Bricolage versus breakthrough: distributed and embedded agency in technology entrepreneurship. Research Policy, 32, 277-300.
GEORGE, G. & BOCK, A. J. (2011) The Business Model in Practice and its Implications for Entrepreneurship Research. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35, 83-111.
GEORGHIOU, L. (1998) Issues in the Evaluation of Innovation and Technology Policy. Evaluation, 4, 37-51.
GEORGHIOU, L. & ROESSNER, D. (2000) Evaluating technology programs: tools and methods. Research Policy, 29, 657-678.
GODIN, B. (2006) The linear model of innovation: The historical construction of an analytical framework. Science, Technology & Human Values, 31, 639.
GODIN, B. (2009) National Innovation System. Science, Technology & Human Values, 2009, 1-26.
GOEDKOOP, M., VAN HALEN, C., RIELE, T. & ROMMENS, P. (1999) Product Service systems, Ecological and Economic Basics.
HAGEDOORN, J., LINK, A. N. & VONORTAS, N. S. (2003) Introduction: Strategic Research Partnerships--Economic, Managerial and Policy Implications. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 15, 155-157.
HESSELBACH, J. R. & HERRMANN, C. (Eds.) (2011) Functional Thinking for Value Creation: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems, Belin-Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag.
HOWELLS, J. (1999) Research and Technology Outsourcing. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 11, 17 - 29.
HOWELLS, J. (2004) Innovation, consumption and services: encapsulation and the combinatorial role of services. The Service Industries Journal, 24, 19-36.
HOWELLS, J. (2006) Intermediation and the role of intermediaries in innovation. Research Policy, 35, 715-728.
HOWLETT, M. (2000) Managing the “hollow state”: procedural policy instruments and modern governance. Canadian Public Administration, 43, 412-431.
HOWLETT, M. (2005) What is a policy instrument? Tolls, mixes and implementation styles. IN ELIADIS, P., HILL, M. & HOWLETT, M. (Eds.) Designing Government: From Instruments to Governance. Montreal, McGill-Queen University Press.
HOWLETT, M. (2009) Governance modes, policy regimes and operational plans: A multi- level nested model of policy instrument choice and policy design. Policy Sciences, 42, 73-89.
ISAKSSON, O., LARSSON, T. & JOHNSSON, P. (2001) Towards a framowork for developing Product/Service Systems. IN
HESSELBACH, H. (Ed.) Functional Thinking for Value Creation: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems,. Belin-Heidelberg, Sperling-Verlag.
JAIN, S. & GEORGE, G. (2007) Technology transfer offices as institutional entrepreneurs: the case of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation and human embryonic stem cells. Industrial and Corporate Change, 16, 535-567.
JENSEN, S. R. H., POULFELT, F. & KRAUS, S. (2010) Managerial routines in professional service firms: transforming knowledge into competitive advantages. The Service Industries Journal.
KALAFSKY, R. V. (2006a) Performanance and Practice: Examining the Machine Tool Industries of Japan and the United States. Journal of Economic and Social Geography, 97, 178-194.
KALAFSKY, R. V. (2006b) The post-1990 rebirth of the US machine tool industry: a temporary recovery? Technovation, 26, 665-671.
KANG, M.-J. & WIMMER, R. (2008) Product service systems as systemic cures for obese consumption and production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16, 1146-1152.
KIRKELS, Y. & DUYSTERS, G. (2010) Brokerage in SME networks. Research Policy, 39, 375 - 385.
KLERKX, L. & LEEUWIS, C. (2009) Establishment and embedding of innovation brokers at different innovation system levels: Insights from the Dutch agricultural sector. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76, 849-860.
KOBLER, F., FAHLING, J., VATTAI, A., LEIMEISTER, J. M. & KRCMAR, H. (2009) Analsis of value creation through Product-Service-Systems in the German Medical Engineering Industry. IN FAHNRICH, K.-P. & FRANCZYK, B. (Eds.) Internationa Symposium on Service Sciences ISSS'09. Belin, Logos-Velarg.
KOSCHATZKY, K., HERAUD, J.-A., BURETH, A., DEMISSY, M., MULLER, E. & BROS, U. (1996) Institutions of technological infrastructure. Final Report Eurostat. Karlsruhe, Germany, Fraunhofer - ISI.
KOSCHATZKY, K. & STAHLECKER, T. (2010) The emergence of new modes of R&D services in Germany. The Service Industries Journal, 30, 685 - 700.
KUHLMANN, S. (2001) Future governance of innovationpolicy in Europe - three scenarios. Research Policy, 30, 953-976.
KUHLMANN, S., BOEKHOLT P, GEORGHIOU L, GUY K, HÉRAUD J-A, LAREDO P, LEMOLA T, LOVERIDGE D, LUUKKONEN T, POLT W, RIP A, SANZ-MENENDEZ L & R., S. (1999) Improving Distributed Intelligence in Complex Innovation Systems. Final Report of the Advanced Science and Technology Policy Planning Network. Karlsruhe, Germany.
LARANJA, M. (2009) The development of technology infrastructure in Portugal and the need to pull innovation using proactive intermediation policies. Technovation, 29, 23-34.
LARANJA, M., UYARRA, E. & FLANAGAN, K. (2008) Policies for science, technology and innovation: Translating rationales into regional policies in a multi-level setting. Research Policy, 37, 823-835.
LAY, G., COPANI, G., JAGER, A. & BIEGE, S. (2010) The relevance of service in European manufacturing industries. Service Management, 21, 715-772.
LAY, G., SCHROEDER, M. & BIEGE, S. (2009) Service-based business concepts: A typology for business-to-business markets. European Management Journal, 27, 442-455.
LIPSEY, R. G. (2009) Economic growth related to mutually interdependent institutions and technology. Journal of Institutional Economics, 5, 259-288.
LOPEZ-VEGA, H. (2009) How Demand-Driven Technological Systems of innovation Work? The Role of Intermediaries Organizations. DRUID-DIME Acadmy Winter 2009 PhD Conference. Aalborg-Denmark.
LUMPKIN, G. T. & DESS, G. G. (1996) Clarifying the Entrepreneurial Orientation Construct and Linking it to Performance". Academy of Management Review, 21, 135-172.
MACCANI, P. (2004) Innovationin traditional Industries and Local Development. Improving Competitveness Through a Knowledge-Based Economy. Budapest, The World Bank.
MAKINEN, S. & SEPPANEN, M. (2007) Assessing business models concepts with taxonomical research criteria. Management Research News, 30, 735-748.
MCDONALD, R. A. (2005) The Swiss Army Knife of Governance. IN ELIDAS, P., HILL, M. & HOWLETT, M. (Eds.) Designing Government: from instruemnts to governence. Moreal-Kingston, MQUP.
MCGRATH, R. G. (2010) Business Models: A Discovery Driven Approach. Long Range Planning, 43.
METCALFE, J. & RAMLOGAN, R. (2005) Limits to the economy of knowledge and the knowledge of the economy Futures, 37, 655-674.
METCALFE, J. S., JAMES, A. & MINA, A. (2005) Emergent innovation systems and the delivery of clinical services: The case of intra-ocular lenses. Research Policy, 34, 1283-1304.
MEYER-KRAMER, F. (1996) Fraunhofer 2000: strategies of applied research. IN KRULL, W. & MEYER-KRAMER, F. (Eds.) Science and technology in Germany. Harlow, Cartermill.
MILES, I. (2009) Web Bog: Knowledge-Intensive Business Services. IN MILES, I. (Ed.) A long-needed definition, http://knowledgeintensiveservices.blogspot.com/2009_12_01_archive.html. Manchester.
MILES, R., MILES, G. & SNOW, C. (2005) Collaborative Inovation. How communities of netwroked fimrs use continuous innovation to create wealth, Stanford: California, Stanford University Press .
MILES, R. E., MILES, G. & SNOW, C. C. (2006) Collaborative Entrepreneurship: A Business Model for Continuous Innovation. Organizational Dynamics, 35, 1-11.
MITSUISHI, M., UEDA, K., KIMURA, F., MEIER, H. & VÖLKER, O. (2008) Industrial Product- Service-Systems - Typology of Service Supply Chain for IPS2 Providing. Manufacturing Systems and Technologies for the New Frontier. Springer London.
MORRIS, M., SCHINDEHUTTE, M. & ALLEN, J. (2005) The Entrepreneur's business model: toward a unified perspective. Journal of Business Research, 58, 726-735.
MORRIS, M. H. & LEWIS, P. S. (1994) Reconceptualizing entrepreneurship: An input-output perspective. SAM Advanced Management Journal (07497075), 59, 21.
MUNIESA, F., MILLO, Y. & CALLON, M. (2007) An introduction to market devices. IN CALLON, M., MILLO, Y. & MUNIESA, F. (Eds.) Market Devices. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.
MYTELKA, L. K. & SMITH, K. (2002) Policy learning and innovation theory: an interactive and co-evolving process. Research Policy, 31, 1467-1479.
NIOSI, J. (2002) National systems of innovations are "x-efficient" (and x-effective): Why some are slow learners. Research Policy, 31, 291-302.
NORDIN, F. & KOWALKOWSKI, C. (2010) Solutions ofefrings: a critical review and reconceptualisation. Journal of Service Management, 21, 441-459.
NOTTENBURG, C., PARDEY, P. G. & WRIGHT, B. D. (2002) Accessing other people’s technology for non–profit research. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 46, 289-416.
OSTERWALDER, A., PIGNEUR, Y. & TUCCI, C. L. (2005) Clarifying Busimess Models: Origins, Present, and Future of the Concept. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 16, 1-25.
PILLER, F. & IHL, C. (2009) The Market for Open Innovation Increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the innovation process. The Market for Open Innovation: The RWTH Open Innovation Accellerator Survey. Aachen RWTH Aachen University - Technology & Innovation Management Group
PIORE, M. J. & SABEL, C. F. (1984) The Second Industrial Divide, New York, Basic Books. POLANYI, M. (1958) Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-critical Philosophy Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
POLANYI, M. (2000) The Republic of Science: Its Political and Economic Theory. Minerva, 38, 1-21.
POLLOCK, N. & WILLIAMS, R. (2010) The business of expectations: How promissory organizations shape technology and innovation. Social Studies of Science, 40, 525- 548.
POTTS, J. (2009) The innovation deficit in public services: The curious problem of too much efficiency and not enough waste and failure. Innovation: management, policy & practice, 11, 34-43.
PREISSL, B. (2006) Research and technology organizations in the service economy. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Sciences, 19, 131-146.
RIBEIRO-SORIANO, D. & URBANO, D. (2009) Overview of Collaborative Entrepreneurship: An Integrated Approach Between Business Decisions and Negotiations. Group Decision and Negotiation, 18, 419-430.
RINALDI, A. (2002) The Emilian Model Revisited: Twenty Years After Materiali di discussione del Dipartimento di Economia politica. Modena.
SCHMIEDEBERG, C. (2011) Evaluation of Cluster Policy: A Methodological Overview. Evaluation, 16, 389. SHAPIRA, P. (2001) US manufacturing extension partnerships: technology policy reinvented? Research Policy, 30, 977-992.
SMITS, R. & KUHLMANN, S. (2004) The Rise of Systemic Instruments in Innovation Policy. int. J. Foresight and Innovation Policy, 1, 4-32.
SORENSON, O., RIVKIN, J. W. & FLEMING, L. (2006) Complexity, networks and knowledge flow. Research Policy, 35, 994-1017.
STRENBERG, R. G. (1996) Government R&D expenditure and space: empirical evidence from five industrialized countries. Research Policy, 25, 741-758.
TALBOT, C. (2005) Consilience and Performance in the ‚ÄòArt of the State‚Äô. Public Policy and Administration, 20, 20-51.
TEECE, D. J. (2010) Business Models, Business Strategy and Innovation. Long Range Planning, 43.
TOIVONEN, M. & TUOMINEN, T. (2009) Emergence of Innovation in services. The Service Industries Journal, 29, 887-902.
TUKKER, A. (2004) Eight types of product-service system: eight ways to sustainability? Experiences from suspronet. Business Strategy and Environment, 13, 246-260.
UYARRA, E. (2011) Regional Innovation Systems Revisited: Networks, Institutions, Policy and Complexity. IN HERRSCHEL, T. & TALLBERG, P. (Eds.) The Role of Regions? Network, Scale, Territory. Gothenburg, Region Skane.
UYARRA, E. & FLANAGAN, K. (2010) From regional systems of innovation to regions as innovation policy spaces. Environment and Planning, Government and Policy, 28, 681-695.
VAN DE VEN, A. H. & POOLE, S. (1995) Explaining development and change in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 20, 510-540.
VAN DER MAULEN, B., NEDEVA, M. & BRAUB, D. (2005) Intermediaries Organisation and Processes: Theory and Research Issues. PRIME Workshop Enshede - The Netherlands - 6-7 October 2005.
VECIANA, J. M. (2007) Entrepreneurship as a Scientific Research Programme. IN CUEVO, A., RIBIERO, D. & ROIG, S. (Eds.) Entrepreneurship: Concepts, Thoery and Perspectives. Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag.
VEGA-JURADO, J., GUTIÈRREZ-GRACIA, A., FERNANDEZ-DE-LUCIO, I. & MANJARRÈS- HENRÌQUEZ, L. (2008) The effect of external and internal factors on firms' product innovation. Research Policy, 37, 616-632.
VELAMURI, V., NEYER, A.-K. & MÖSLEIN, K. (2011) Hybrid value creation: a systematic review of an evolving research area. Journal für Betriebswirtschaft, 61, 3-35.
VILJAMAA, A., KOLEHMAINEN, J. & KUUSISTO, J. (2010) For and against? An exploration of inadvertent influences of policies on KIBS industries in the Finnish policy setting. The Service Industries Journal, 30, 71-84.
VLADIMIROVA, D., EVANS, S., MARTINEZ, V. & KINGSTON, J. (2011) Elements of Change in the Transformation towards Product Service Systems. IN HESSELBACH, H. (Ed.) Functional Thinking for Value Creation: Proceedings of the 3rd CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product Service Systems. Belin-Hidelberg, Springer-Verlag.
WERKER, C. & ARTHEYE, S. (2004) Marshall's Dishiples: Knowledge and Innovation Driving Regional Economic Development and Growth. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 14, 505-523.
WIECZOREK, A. J., HEKKERT, M. & SMITS, R. (2010) Systemic policy instruments and their role in addressing sustainability challenges. 8th Globelics Conference. Kuala Lumpur - Indoesia, Globelics.
WINCH, G. M. & COURTNEY, R. (2007) The Organization of Innovation Brokers: An International Review. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 19, 747-763.
WINTER, S. G. & SZULANSKI, G. (2001) Replication as Strategy. Organization Science, 12, 730-743.
YOUTIE, J. & SHAPIRA, P. (2008) Building an innovation hub: A case study of the transformation of university roles in regional technological and economic development. Research Policy, 37, 1188-1204.
YUSUF, S. (2008) Intermediating knowledge exchange between universities and businesses. Research Policy, 37, 1167-1174. ZOTT, C. & AMIT, R. (2008) The fit between production market strategy and business model: implications for firms performance. Strategic Management Journal, 29, 1-26.