Berliant, Marcus and Sabarwal, Tarun (2007): When worlds collide: Different comparative static predictions of continuous and discrete agent models with land.
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This paper presents a difference in the comparative statics of general equilibrium models with land when there are finitely many agents, and when there is a continuum of agents. Restricting attention to quasi-linear and Cobb-Douglas utility, it is shown that with finitely many agents, an increase in the (marginal) commuting cost increases land rent per unit (that is, land rent averaged over the consumer's equilibrium parcel) paid by each consumer. In contrast, with a continuum of agents, average land rent goes up close to the central business district, is constant at some intermediate distance, and decreases for consumers farther away. Therefore, there is a qualitative difference between the two types of models, and this difference is potentially testable.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||Washington University in St. Louis|
|Original Title:||When worlds collide: Different comparative static predictions of continuous and discrete agent models with land|
|Keywords:||Large Urban Economies; Comparative Statics; Continuous and Discrete Agent Models|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R13 - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R14 - Land Use Patterns
D - Microeconomics > D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium > D51 - Exchange and Production Economies
|Depositing User:||Marcus Berliant|
|Date Deposited:||05. Jun 2007|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 04:57|
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