Evers, Hans-Dieter and Gerke, Solvay and Menkhoff, Thomas (2010): Knowledge Clusters and Knowledge Hubs: Designing Epistemic Landscapes for Development. Published in: Journal of Knowledge Managementg , Vol. 14, No. 5 : pp. 678-689.
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (24kB) | Preview
Download (177kB) | Preview
With globalization and knowledge-based production, firms may cooperate on a global scale, outsource parts of their administrative or productive units and negate location altogether. The extremely low transaction costs of data, information and knowledge seem to invalidate the theory of agglomeration and the spatial clustering of firms, going back to the classical work by Alfred Weber and Alfred Marshall, who emphasized the microeconomic benefits of industrial collocation. This paper will argue against this view and show why the growth of knowledge societies will rather increase than decrease the relevance of location by creating knowledge clusters and knowledge hubs, due to sharing of tacit knowledge and research and development outputs. Designing epistemic landscapes of knowledge clusters and hubs is, therefore, proposed as a viable development policy.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Knowledge Clusters and Knowledge Hubs: Designing Epistemic Landscapes for Development|
|Keywords:||knowledge governance; knowledge cluster; knowledge hub; epistemic landscape; development|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O2 - Development Planning and Policy
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights
|Depositing User:||Prof. Dr. Hans-Dieter Evers|
|Date Deposited:||08. Oct 2011 14:05|
|Last Modified:||23. Apr 2014 05:29|
ADB, Asian Development Bank. 2005. "Technical Assistance. Establishment of Regional Knowledge Hubs." Manila: ADB, Asian Development Bank.
Antonelli, Cristiano. 2000. "Collective Knowledge Communication and Innovation: The Evidence of Technological Districts." Regional Studies 34:535–47.
Audretsch, D., and M. P. Feldman. 1996. "R&D spillovers and the geography of innovation and production." American Economic Review 86:630-640.
Boschma, Ron. 2005. "Role of Proximity in Interaction and Performance: Conceptual and Empirical Challenges." Regional Studies 39:41-45.
Botkin, Jim, and Chuck Seeley. 2001. "The Knowledge Management Manifesto: Why KM Requires Community-Building." Knowledge Management Review 3.
Brown, J. S., and P. Duguid. 2002. "Local knowledge - Innovation in the networked age." Management Learning 33:427-437.
Carrillo, Francisco J. 2004. "Capital cities: a taxonomy of capital accounts for knowledge cities." Journal of Knowledge Management 8:28-46.
Carrillo, Francisco Javier. 2006. Knowledge Cities: Approaches, Experiences and Perspectives: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Chay, Yue Wah, Thomas Menkhoff, Benjamin Loh, and Hans-Dieter Evers. 2005. "What makes Knowledge Sharing in Organizations Tick?- An Empirical Study." Pp. 279-304 in Governing and Managing Knowledge in Asia, edited by Thomas Menkhoff, Hans-Dieter Evers, and Yue Wah Chay. Singapore: World Scientific.
Chay, Yue Wah, Thomas Menkhoff, Benjamin Loh, and Hans-Dieter Evers. 2007. "Social Capital and Knowledge Sharing in Knowledge-based Organisations: An Empirical Study." International Journal of Knowledge Management (IJKM) 3:37-56.
Coe, N., M. Hess, H. W. C. Yeung, P. Dicken, and J. Henderson. 2004. "‘‘Globalizing’’ regional development: A global production networks perspective." Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers New Series, 29:468–484. Durkheim, Emile. 1972. Selected Writings, translated and edited by Anthony Giddens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Enright, Michael J. 2003. "Regional Clusters: What we know and what we should know." Pp. 99-129 in Innovation Clusters and Interregional Competition, edited by J. Bröcker, D. Dohse, and R. Soltwedel. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag.
Ergakakis, K., Kostas Metaxiotis, John Psarras, and Dimitris Askounis. 2006. "A Unified methodological approach for the development of knowledge cities." Journal of Knowledge Management 10:65-78.
Evers, Hans-Dieter. 2003. "Transition towards a Knowledge Society: Malaysia and Indonesia in Comparative Perspective." Comparative Sociology 2:355-373.
Evers, Hans-Dieter. 2004a. "Knowledge Society and the Knowledge Gap." Pp. 301-316 in Globalisation, Culture and Inequalities, edited by Abdul Rahman Embong. Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Evers, Hans-Dieter. 2004b. "The Path towards a Malaysian Knowledge Society." Pp. 21-39 in Public Policy, Culture and the Impact of Globalisation in Malaysia, edited by Mohd Hazim Shah and Kai Lit Phua. Kuala Lumpur: Persatuan Sains Sosial Malaysia (Malaysian Social Science Association).
Evers, Hans-Dieter, and Tatjana Bauer. 2009. "Emerging Epistemic Landscapes: Knowledge Clusters in Ho Chi Minh City." Bonn: ZEF Working Paper Series No.48. Bonn: Department of Political and Cultural Change, Center for Development Research, University of Bonn.
Evers, Hans-Dieter, and Solvay Gerke. 2007. "Social and Cultural Dimensions of Market Expansion." ZEF Working Paper Series No. 24. Bonn: Department of Political and Cultural Change, Center for Development Research, University of Bonn.
Evers, Hans-Dieter, and Solvay Gerke. 2009. "Strategic Group Analysis." ZEF Working Paper Series No. 34. Bonn: Department of Political and Cultural Change, Center for Development Research, University of Bonn.
Evers, Hans-Dieter, Solvay Gerke, and Anna-Katharina Hornidge (Eds.). 2008. The Straits of Malacca: Knowledge and Diversity. Berlin and London: LIT Verlag.
Evers, Hans-Dieter, and Anna-Katharina Hornidge. 2007. "Knowledge Hubs in the Straits of Malacca." Asia Europe Journal 5:417-433.
Evers, Hans-Dieter, and Anna-Katharina Hornidge. 2008. "The Straits of Malacca as a Knowledge Corridor." Pp. 41-62 in The Straits of Malacca: Knowledge and Diversity. ZEF Development Studies Vol. 8, edited by Solvay Gerke, Hans-Dieter Evers, and Anna-Katharina Hornidge. Berlin, London, Penang: LIT Verlag/Straits G.T.
Evers, Hans-Dieter, Markus Kaiser, and Christine Müller. 2003. "Entwicklung durch Wissen: eine neue globale Wissensarchitektur." Soziale Welt 54:49-70.
Fallick, B., C. A. Fleischman, and J. B. Rebitzer. 2006. "Job-hopping in Silicon Valley: Some evidence concerning the microfoundations of a high-technology cluster." Review of Economics and Statistics 88:472-481.
Fligstein, Neil. 2002. The Architecture of Markets: An Economic Sociology of Twenty-First-Century Capitalist Societies. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Gerke, Solvay, and Hans-Dieter Evers. 2006. "Globalizing Local Knowledge: Social Science Research on Southeast Asia, 1970-2000." SOJOURN: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia 21:1-21.
Gerke, Solvay, Hans-Dieter Evers, and Rebecca Schweisshelm. 2005. "Wissen als Produktionsfaktor: Südostasiens Aufbruch zur Wissensgesellschaft." Soziale Welt 55:39-52.
Giuliani, Elisa. 2007. "The selective nature of knowledge networks in clusters: evidence from the wine industry." Journal of Economic Geography 7:139-168.
Håkanson, Lars. 2005. "Epistemic Communities and Cluster Dynamics: On the Role of Knowledge in Industrial Districts." Industry & Innovation 12:433 - 463.
Henry, Nick, and Steven Pinch. 2006. "Knowledge and Clusters." Pp. 114-132 in Clusters and Globalisation, edited by Christos Pitelis, Roger Sugden, and James R. Wilson. Cheltenham: Edgar Elgar.
Hornidge, Anna-Katharina. 2007. Knowledge Society: Vision and Social Construction of Reality in Germany and Singapore Berlin and London: LIT Verlag.
Iammarino, S., and P. McCann. 2006. "The structure and evolution of industrial clusters: Transactions, technology and knowledge spillovers." Research Policy 35:1018-1036.
James, A. 2005. "Demystifying the role of culture in innovative regional economies." Regional Studies 39:1197-1216.
Knorr Cetina, Karin. 1981. The Manufacture of Knowledge: An Essay on the Constructivist and Contextual Nature of Science. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Lessig, Lawrence. 2004. "The Innovation Commons." Pp. 227-239 in The Governance of Knowledge, edited by Nico Stehr. London and New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
Luhmann, Niklas. 1984. Soziale Systeme. Grundriß einer allgemeinen Theorie. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
Menkhoff, Thomas, Hans-Dieter Evers, Marshall W. Meyer, and Lionel Meng Huat Lim. 2005. "Building Vibrant Science and Technology Parks with Knowledge Management: Trends in Singapore." Pp. 165-198 in Governing and Managing Knowledge in Asia, edited by Thomas Menkhoff, Hans-Dieter Evers, and Yue Wah Chay. Londond and Singapore: World Scientific.
Menkhoff, Thomas, Solvay Gerke, Hans-Dieter Evers, and Yue Wah Chay. 2008. "Entwicklung durch ‚Wissensdiversität’? Trends in Singapur und Malaysia." forthcoming.
Meusburger, Peter. 2000. "The spatial concentration of knowledge. Some theoretical considerations." Erdkunde 54:352-364.
Munnich, Lee W. Jr., Greg Schrock, and Karen Cook. 2002. "Rural Knowledge Clusters: The Challenge of Rural Economic Prosperity." Reviews of Economic Development Literature and Practice, University of Minnesota 12.
Nonaka, I., and H. Takeuchi. 1995. The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanes companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Pinch, Steven, Nick Henry, Mark Jenkins, and Stephen Tallman. 2003. "From ‘industrial districts’ to ‘knowledge clusters’: a model of knowledge dissemination and competitive advantage in industrial agglomerations." Journal of Economic Geography 3:373-388.
Polanyi, Michael 1967. The Tacit Dimension. New York: Anchor Books
Porter, Michael. 2000. "Location, Competition, and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy." Economic Development Quarterly 14:15-34.
Porter, Michael E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: The Free Press.
Sassen, Saskia. 1991. The Global City. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Sölvell, Örjan 2009. Clusters – Balancing Evolutionary and Constructive Forces. Stockholm: Ivory Tower Publishers.
Tallman, Stephen, Mark Jenkins, Nick Henry, and Steven Pinch. 2004. "Knowledge Clusters and Competitive Advantage." Academy of Management Review 29:258-71.
Weber, Alfred 1909. Über den Standort der Industrien. Erster Teil: Reine Theorie des Standorts. Tübingen: Verlag JCB Mohr.
Weisberg, Michael , and Ryan Muldoon. 2007. "Epistemic Landscapes and the Division of Cognitive Labor." in unpublished ms. Pittsburgh. Penn: University of Pennsylvania
Wernick, Andrew. 2006. "Comte and the encyclopedia " Theory, Culture & Society 23.
White, Harrison C. 1981. "Where Do Markets Come From?" American Journal of Sociology 87:517-547.
Willke, Helmut. 2007. Smart Governance. Governing the Global Knowledge Society. Frankfurt/New York: Campus.
Zook, Matthew. A. . 2004. "The knowledge brokers: venture capitalists, tacit knowledge and regional development." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 28:621 - 641.
Available Versions of this Item
- Knowledge Clusters and Knowledge Hubs: Designing Epistemic Landscapes for Development. (deposited 08. Oct 2011 14:05) [Currently Displayed]