Karaman, Fatma and Dogruel, Fatma (2011): Regional convergence in Turkey: the role of government in economic environment augmenting activities.
Download (258kB) | Preview
Regional disparities are important concerns for the researchers as well as the policy makers in both developed and developing countries. The government, as a leading actor in regional policies, can create externalities through investments not only in the real sectors, but also in infrastructure and institutions. Investments in education, health and transportation enhance the quality of life and business environment, and trigger the development in those regions. The paper defines this type of government role in a particular region as “economic environment augmenting activities of the government”. The paper focuses on two types of initiatives of the government: regional universities and the existence of an airport. The main findings show that spending impact suppresses knowledge impact in the low income provinces. And, there is a threshold for the regional income level: The demand effect of government initiatives as state university and providing air transport has greater impact in low-income provinces, particularly before 2000.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Regional convergence in Turkey: the role of government in economic environment augmenting activities|
|Keywords:||Regional convergence; role of government; effects of universities; panel-data modeling; Turkey|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R5 - Regional Government Analysis > R58 - Regional Development Planning and Policy
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O18 - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
|Depositing User:||Fatma Karaman|
|Date Deposited:||24. Oct 2011 01:48|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 08:11|
Aldan, A. and Gaygısız E. Convergence across Provinces of Turkey: A Spatial Analysis; Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, Research and Monetary Policy Department Working Paper, 2006; No: 09
Altınbas, Sevgi, Merih Günes ve Fatma Dogruel. Türkiye’de Bölgesel Yakınsama: Kalkınmada Oncelikli Iller Politikası Basarılı mı?; erc/ODTÜ Uluslararası Ekonomi Konferansı (METU International Conference in Economics) VI, 11-14 Eylül 2002; Ankara, Turkey, in Turkish.
Arbo, P. and Eskelinen, H. The Role of Small, Comprehensive Universities in Regional Economic Development: Experiences from Two Nordic Cases; ERSA Congress, University of Jyvaskyla, 27-30 August, 2003; Finland.
Audretsch, David B., Falck, Oliver and Heblich, Stephan. It's All in Marshall: The Impact of External Economies on Regional Dynamics, CESifo Working Paper Series, September 2007; No. 2094
Barro, R.J., Sala-i-Martin, X. Convergence Across States and Regions, Brooking Papers on Economic Activity, 1991; 1: 107-182.
Barro, R.J., Sala-i-Martin, X. Convergence, Journal of Political Economy, 1992; 100 (2): 223-251.
Barro, R.J., Sala-i-Martin, X. Economic Growth, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
Barro, R.J., Sala-i-Martin, X. Economic Growth, 2nd Edition, , Cambridge, The MIT Press,2004.
Benneworth, P. The Role of University Spin-Off Firms in Strengthening Regional Innovation Systems in Weaker Places, Territorial Production and Networks 3: Knowledge,
Development and Policy, Sixth European Urban & Regional Studies Conference, 21st – 24th September, 2006; Roskilde, Denmark.
Boopen, Seetanah. Transport Infrastructure and Economic Growth: Evidence from Africa Using Dynamic Panel Estimates, The Empirical Economics Letters, 2006; 5 (1).
Chakrabarti A.K. and Lester, R.K. Regional Economic Development: Comparative Case Studies in the US and Finland, MIT, Industrial Performance Center, Special Working Paper Series in Innovation Systems, 2002; 4.
Cortright, Joseph. Making Sense of Clusters: Regional Competitiveness and Economic Development, A Discussion Paper Prepared for the Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program, March 2006.
D'Costa, Anthony P. Exports, University-industry Linkages, and Innovation Challenges in Bangalore, India, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 2006.
Dogruel, F. and Dogruel A.S. Türkiye’de Bölgesel Gelir Farklılıkları ve Büyüme, Köse A.H., Senses, F. ve Yeldan, E. (der.), Iktisat Üzerine Yazılar I: Küresel Düzen, Birikim, Devlet ve Sınıflar-Korkut Boratav’a Armagan içinde, Istanbul Iletisim Yayınları, Istanbul, 2003; pp. 287–318, in Turkish.
Dogruel, F. and Dogruel A.S. Openness and Regional Distribution of Turkish Manufacturing Industries, Topics in Middle Eastern and North African Economies, e-journal of MEEA Proceedings, 2006; 8.
Dogruel, F. Türkiye’de Bölgesel Politikalar (Regional Policies in Turkey), in A. Eraydın(Ed), Degisen Türkiye Dönüsen Mekan (Changing Turkey and Transforming Space), Dost Kitapevi Publications, Ankara, 2006.
Dogruel, Fatma and A. Suut Dogruel. Openness, Technological Changes and Differentiation in Turkish Manufacturing Sector, in Hadi Esfehani and Gulcay Tuna (Eds.) Development in the Middle East and North African Countries: Some Contemporary Issues, Novascience Publishing House (forthcoming), 2011.
Drucker, Joshua and Harvey Goldstein. Assessing the Regional Economic Development Impacts of Universities: A Review of Current Approaches, International Regional Science Review 30, 2007; 1: 20–46.
Erk, N., Ates, S. and Direkci, T. Convergence and Growth within GAP region and overall Turkey’s Regions, IV. ODTU Uluslararası Ekonomi Kongresi (METU International Conference in Economics), 13-16 Eylül, 2000; Ankara, Turkey, in Turkish.
Erlat, H. and Özkan, P. Absolute Convergence of The Regions and Provinces Of Turkey,26th Annual Conference of the Middle East Economic Association, January 6-8, 2006, Boston, MA, US.
Etzkowitz, Henry and Loet Leydesdorff. The Triple Helix of University-Industry-government Relations: A Laboratory for Knowledge Based Economic Development, EASST Review 1995; 14 (1): 11-19.
Filiztekin, A. Convergence across provinces and industries in Turkey, Koc University Working Paper, 1998: 08.
Gezici, F. and Hewings, G.J.D. Regional Convergence and the Economic Performance of Peripheral Areas in Turkey, RURDS, 2004; 16 (21): 113-132
Gezici, F. and Hewings, G.J.D. Spatial Analysis of Regional Inequalities in Turkey, European Planning Studies, 2007; 15 (3): 383-403.
Gunesekara, C. Reframing the Role of Universities in the Development of Regional Innovation System, Journal of Technology Transfer, 2006; 3: 101-113
Henderson, Cathy. Shaping the Future: The Economic Impact of Public Universities, Report, National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges, Office of Public Affairs, 2001, Washington DC, US.
Holtz-Eakin, Douglas and Amy Ellen Schwartz. Spatial Productivity Spillovers from Public Infrastructure: Evidence from State Highways, International Tax and Public Finance, 1995; 2: 459-468.
Karaca, O. Türkiye’de Bölgeler Arası Gelir Farklılıkları: Yakınsama Var mı?, Türkiye Ekonomi Kurumu Tartısma Metni (The Turkish Economic Association Discussion Papers), 2004:7, in Turkish.
Karahasan B.C. Dynamics and Variation of Regional Firm Formation: Case of Turkey, PhD Thesis, Marmara University, Turkey, 2010.
Karahasan B.C. and Bazo E.L. Role of Geography in Understanding the Human Capital Dispersion: Evidence from Turkey, Annual Meeting of Middle East Economic Association (MEEA), 2010, Istanbul, Turkey.
Karlsson, C. and Zhang, W.B. The Role of Universities in Regional Development:Endogenous human capital and growth in a two-region model, The Annals of Regional Science, 2001; 35: 179–197.
Kırdar, M.G. and Saracoglu, D.S. Does Internal Migration Lead to Faster Regional Convergence in Turkey? An Empirical Investigation, Turkish Economic Association (TEA), Discussion Paper, 2006: 6.
Krugman, P. Increasing Returns and Economic Geography, Journal of Political Economy, 1991a; Vol: 99, 3: 483-499.
Krugman, P. Geography and Trade, The MIT Press, Cambridge, 1991b.
Leydesdorff, Loet and Henry Etzkowitz. Emergence of a Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations, Science and Public Policy, 1996.
Markusen, A. Interaction between regional and industrial policies: Evidence from four countries, Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics, 1994, pp. 279-298.
Marshall, Alfred. Principles of Economics, Book IV, Chapter X, Industrial Organization,Continued. The Concentration of Specialized Industries in Particular Localities, London: Macmillan and Co., Ltd, 1920. http://www.econlib.org/library/Marshall/marP24.html. Accessed 12 October 2007
Newlands, D. The Role of Universities in Regional Development, ERSA Congress, 27-30 August, 2003; University of Jyvaskyla, Finland.
State Planned Organization. Ninth Development Plan: 2007-2013, State Planning Organization, Ankara, Turkey, 2006.
Temel, T, Tansel, A, and Gungor, N.D. Convergence of Sectoral Productivity in Turkish Provinces: Markov Chains Model, International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies, 2005; 2: 1-35.
Yamaguchi, Katsuhiro. Inter-regional Air Transport Accessibility and Macro-economic Performance in Japan, Transport Economics, 2006; 4 (4).
Yıldırım, J. and Nadir O. Income Inequality and Economic Convergence in Turkey, Transition Studies Review, 2006; 13 (3): 559–568.