Fall, Abdou and Salmon, Léa and Wodon, Quentin (2010): Impact sur la pauvreté et perceptions de la crise économique au Sénégal: Analyses quantitative et qualitative.
Download (323Kb) | Preview
This article analyzes the impact of the economic crisis (rising food and oil prices and financial crisis) on the situation of households in Senegal using both a quantitative analysis of household survey data and a qualitative analysis from focus groups. Before the crisis, Senegal had experienced a dramatic reduction of poverty, and this is observed whether one relies on objective measures of poverty based on consumption or subjective assessments by households. Despite this progress, many household were however still not able to meet many of their basic needs. Simulations conducted for this study suggest that the recent rise in food and oil prices has had a negative impact on poverty. Qualitative data collected through focus groups and individual interviews confirm that the standards of living have deteriorated. Many households are talking about a lack of income generating activities and threats that the crisis represents for their traditional livelihoods. The rising cost of basic commodities, higher levels of debt, and limited access to credit also contributed to a deterioration in living standards. Households have limited means to cope with the crisis beyond increasing working hours, especially for women, and adjusting their food consumption patterns, for example by eating food of lower quality. The crisis has also increased tensions in some communities, and it seems to have weakened traditional mechanisms of solidarity between households. What emerges is a country that has made considerable progress over the last fifteen years towards poverty reduction, but that remains vulnerable to external and internal shocks.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Impact sur la pauvreté et perceptions de la crise économique au Sénégal: Analyses quantitative et qualitative|
|English Title:||Impact on Poverty and Perceptions of the Economic Crisis in Senegal: Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis|
|Keywords:||Keywords: Poverty; Economic crisis; Senegal|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty|
|Depositing User:||Quentin Wodon|
|Date Deposited:||01. Nov 2011 01:51|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 19:32|
Azam, J. P., M. Dia, C. Tsimpo, et Q. Wodon, 2007, Has Growth in Senegal After the 1994 Devaluation been Pro-Poor?, in Q. Wodon, editor, Growth and Poverty Reduction: Case Studies from West Africa, World Bank Working Paper No. 79, World Bank, Washington, DC.
Backiny-Yetna, P., M. Camara, D. Ndoye, P. Thiecouta Ndiaye, C. Tsimpo, et Q. Wodon, 2011, Evaluation sur base d’enquêtes des progrès accomplis dans la stratégie pour la croissance et la réduction de la pauvreté au Sénégal, Perspective Afrique, 5(1-3): Article 4.
Boccanfuso, D., et L. Savard, 2008, The Food Crisis and its Impacts on Poverty in Senegal and Mali: Crossed Destinies, Université de Sherbrooke, Cahiers de recherche 08-20, Sherbrooke.
Bussolo, M., R. De Hoyos, et Q. Wodon, 2009, Higher Prices of Export Crops, Intrahousehold Inequality, and Human Capital Accumulation in Senegal, in M. Bussolo and R. E. De Hoyos, editeurs, Gender Aspects of the Trade and Poverty Nexus: A Macro-Micro Approach, World Bank and Palgrave MacMillan, Washington, DC.
Fall A. S., C. Rokhaya, et N. Tidiane, 2010, Rapid Assessment of the impact of the Economic Crisis on Senegalese Households, September, First Round, September, LARTES-IFAN, Dakar.
International Monetary Fund, 2010, Senegal: Sixth Review Under the Policy Support Instrument - Request for a Three-Year Policy Support Instrument and Cancellation of Current Policy Support Instrument, Staff Report 10/362, Washington DC.
Koopman, J., 2009, Globalization, Gender, and Poverty in the Senegal River Valley, Feminist Economist, 15(3): 253-285.
Ndoye, D., F. Adoho, P. Backiny-Yetna, M. Fall, P. T. Ndiane, and Q. Wodon, 2009, Tendance et profil de la pauvreté au Sénégal de 1994 à 2006, Perspective Afrique, 2009, 4(1-3): Article 8.
République du Sénégal, 2006, Document Stratégique de Réduction de la Pauvreté-2, 2006-2010, Dakar.
Tembo, R. M., 2009, The impact of the financial and economic crisis on African economies: the case of Senegal - the response of UNDP, UNDP, Dakar.
Wodon, Q., C. Tsimpo, P. Backiny-Yetna, G. Joseph, F. Adoho, et H. Coulombe, 2008a, Potential Impact of Higher Food Prices on Poverty: Summary Estimates for a Dozen West and Central African Countries, Policy Research Working Paper 4745, World Bank, Washington, DC.