Santos, Joana and Simões, Pedro and Costa, Álvaro and Cunha Marques, Rui (2010): Efficiency of the Portuguese metros. is it different from other European metros?
Download (498kB) | Preview
This research analyses the performance of Portuguese metros in the European context. By means of two non-parametric benchmarking techniques, respectively performance indicators and data envelopment analysis, we compute the efficiency of 37 European metros. In order to provide statistical inference and robustness to our results we apply the recent technique of bootstrap. We also use the partial frontiers (order-m) to identify outliers and the double bootstrap procedure in a second stage methodology to take into account the influence of the operational environment. The results show important levels of inefficiency both in the Portuguese metros and in other European metros.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Efficiency of the Portuguese metros. is it different from other European metros?|
|Keywords:||Metro; Efficiency; Portugal; Performance Indicator; Data Envelopment Analysis|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L9 - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities > L92 - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C14 - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
|Depositing User:||Pedro Simões|
|Date Deposited:||21. Nov 2011 15:55|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 16:13|
Banker, R., Charnes, A. and Cooper W. (1984). “Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis’, Management Science, 30(9), 1078-1092.
Benito, B., Bastida, F. and Garcia, J. (2005). “The Determinants of Efficiency in Municipal Governments”, Fundación Séneca of the Autonomous Community of the region of Murcia, Murcia.
Cazals C., Florens, J. and Simar, L. (2002). “Nonparametric Frontier Estimation: A Robust Approach”, Journal of Econometrics, 106(1), 1-15.
Charnes, A. Cooper, W. and Rhodes, E. (1978). “Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units”, European Journal of Operational Research, 2(6), 429-444.
Costa, Á. (1998). “Public Transport Efficiency and Effectiveness: Metro de Madrid”, in Button, K., Nijkamp, P., Priemus, H., (ed.) Transport Networks in Europe: Concepts, Analysis and Policies, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 248-264.
EQUIP-Consortium (2000). “The Benchmarking Handbook”. Deliverable D4. Brussels and NewCastle upon Tyne: European Commission DG-TREN and EQUIP Consortium.
ERRAC (2004). “Light Rail and Metro Systems in Europe - Current market, perspectives and research implication”. Brussels.
Farrell, M. (1957). “The Measurement of Productive Efficiency”, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 120(3), 253-281.
Frasquilho, M. (2005). “Eficiência dos Transportes Urbanos e Autoridades Metropolitanas de Transporte”. Grupo Banco Espírito Santo, Espírito Santo Research.
Graham, D. (2008). “Productivity and Efficiency in Urban Railways: Parametric and Non-Parametric Estimates”, Transportation Research Part E, 44(1), 84-89.
Hanman, R. (1997). “Benchmarking your Firm’s Performance with Best Practice”, International Journal of Logistics Management, 8(2), 1-8.
ISOTOPE (1998). “Improved Structure and Organization for Urban Transport Operations of Passengers in Europe”. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.
Jeon, C. and Amekudzi, A. (2005). “Addressing Sustainability in Transportation Systems: Definitions, Indicators and Metrics”. ASCE Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 11(10), 31-50.
Marques, R. and Monteiro, A. (2001). “Application of Performance Indicators in Water Utilities Management - A Case-Study in Portugal”, Water Science and Technology, 44(2-3), 95-102.
Marques, R. and Brochado, A. (2008). “Airport Regulation in Europe. Is There Need for a European Observatory?”. Transport Policy, 15, 163-172.
Ozbek, M., Garza, J. and Triantis, K. (2010). “Data and Modeling Issues Faced during the Efficiency Measurement of Road Maintenance Using Data Envelopment Analysis”. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 16(1), 21–30.
Simar, L. (2003). “Detecting Outliers in Frontier Models: A Simple Approach”, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 20, 391-424.
Simar, L. and Wilson, P. (1998). “Sensitivity Analysis of Efficiency Scores: How to Bootstrap in Nonparametric Models”, Management Science, 44(1), 46-61.
Simar, L. and Wilson, P. (2000) “A General Methodology for Bootstrapping in Nonparametric Frontier Models”, Journal of Applied Statistics, 27(6), 779-802.
Simar, L. and Wilson, P. (2007). “Estimation and Inference in Two-Stage, Semi-Parametric Models of Production Processes”, Journal of Econometrics, 136(1), 31-64.
Wilson, P. (1995) “Detecting Influential Observations in Data Envelopment Analysis”, Journal of Productivity Analysis, 6(1), 27-45
Witte, K and Marques, R. (2009). “Gaming in a Benchmarking Environment. A Non-Parametric Analysis of Benchmarking in the Water Sector”. Water Policy (forthcoming).
Witte, K. and Marques, R. (2009). “Influential Observations in Frontier Models. A Robust Non-Oriented Approach to the Water Sector”. Annals of Operations Research, 181(1), 377-392.