Aldashev, Alisher and Dietz, Barbara (2011): Determinants of internal migration in Kazakhstan.
Download (551Kb) | Preview
In this paper we analyze the determinants of interregional migration in Kazakhstan using quarterly panel data on region to region migration in 2008–2010. To the best of our knowledge this is the ﬁrst study on interregional population ﬂows in Central Asia. We ﬁnd that migration is determined by economic factors, ﬁrst of all income: People are more likely to leave regions where incomes are low and more likely to move to regions with a higher income level. Furthermore, mobility is larger between more populated regions. Distance has a strong negative impact on migration, indicating high migration related costs and risks. Assuming that high migration costs are caused by poor infrastructure, investments in public and social infrastructure should facilitate regional income convergence in Kazakhstan and improve living standards in depressed regions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Determinants of internal migration in Kazakhstan|
|Keywords:||Interregional migration; Kazakhstan; Gravity model|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions > P36 - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J61 - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics
|Depositing User:||Alisher Aldashev|
|Date Deposited:||21. Nov 2011 23:39|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 09:11|
ANDERSON, K. and POMFRET, R. (2004). Spatial inequality and development in Central Asia. Research Paper No. 2004/36, World Institute for Development Economics Research.
ANDRIENKO, Y. and GURIEV, S. (2004). Determinants of interregional mobility in Russia: Evidence from panel data. Economics of Transition, 12 (1), 1–27.
BECKER, C., MUSABEK, E., SEITENOVA, A. and URZHUMOVA, D. (2005). The migration response to economic shock: Lessons from Kazakhstan. Journal of Comparative Economics, 33 (1), 107–132.
BENTIVOGLI, C. and PAGANO, P. (1999). Regional disparities and labour mobility: the Euro-11 versus the USA. Labour, 3 (3), 737–60.
COULOMBE, S. (2006). Internal migration, asymetric shocks, and interprovincial economic adjustment in Canada. International Regional Science Review, 29 (2), 199–223.
CUSHING, B. and POOT, J. (2008). Crossing boundaries and borders: Regional science advances in migration modelling. Papers in Regional Science, 83, 317–338.
DAVERI, F. and FAINI, R. (1997). Where do migrants go? Oxford Economic Papers, 51 (4), 595–622.
DECRESSIN, J. and FATÁS, A. (1995). Regional labour market dynamics in Europe. European Economic Review, 39, 1627–1655.
DILLINGER, W. (2007). Poverty and Regional Development in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Chief Economist’s Regional Working Paper Series Vol. 2, No.1.
DRISCOLL, J. and KRAAY, A. (1998). Consistent covariance matrix estimation with spatially dependent panel data. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 80 (4), 549–560.
EBRD (2010). Transition report 2010: Recovery and reform, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. http://www.ebrd.com/pages/research/ publications/flagships/transition.shtml.
ETZO, I. (2008). Internal migration: a review of the literature. MPRA paper No. 8783, Munich Personal RePEc Archive.
FACHIN, S. (2007). Long-run trends in internal migrations in Italy: A study in panel cointegration with dependent units. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 22, 401–428.
FAINI, R. and VENTURINI, A. (1994). Migration and Growth: The Experience of Southern Europe. Discussion Paper No. 964, Center for Economic Policy Research.
FIDRMUC, J. (2004). Migration and regional adjustment to asymmetric shocks in transition economies. Journal of Comparative Economics, 32 (2), 230–247.
GREENWOOD, M. (1995). Human migration: Theory, models and empirical studies. Journal of Regional Science, 25, 521–544.
HARRIS, J. and TODARO, M. (1970). Migration, unemployment, and development: A two-sector analysis. American Economic Review, 60 (1), 126–142.
HATTON, T. and WILLIAMSON, J. (2005). What fundamentals drive world migration? In G. Borjas and J. Crisp (eds.), Poverty, International Migration and Asylum, PalgraveMacmillan, pp. 15–38.
HAZANS, M. (2003). Determinants of Inter-Regional Migration in the Baltic Countries. Working Paper No. B17-2003, ZEI.
HOECHLE, D. (2007). Robust standard errors for panel regressions with cross-sectional dependence. Stata Journal, 7 (3), 281–312.
KUMO, K. (2005). Inter-regional population migration in Russia: Using an origin-todestination matrix. Post-Communist Economies, 19 (2), 131–152.
LALL, S., SELOD, H. and SHALIZI, Z. (2006). Rural-Urban Migration in Developing Countries: A Survey of Theoretical Predictions and Empirical Findings. Policy Research Paper No. 3915, World Bank.
LEE, E. (1966). A theory of migration. Demography, 3, 47–57.
LEWER, J. and VAN DEN BERG, H. (2008). A gravity model of immigration. Economic Letters, 99 (1), 164–167.
LONG, L. (1991). Residential mobility differences among developed countries. International Regional Science Review, 14, 133–47.
MITCHNECK, B. (1991). Geographical and economic determinants of interregional migration in the USSR: 1968-1985. Soviet Geography, 32 (3), 168–189.
MONFORT, P. (2008). Convergence of EU regions. Measures and evolution. DirectorateGeneral for Regional Policy, Working Papers No. 01.
NAJMAN, B., POMFRET, R. and RABALLAND, R. (2008). The Economics and politics of Oil in the Caspian Basin. Central Asia Research Forum. New York: Routledge.
NEWEY, W. and WEST, K. (1987). A simple, positive semi-deﬁnite, heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation consistent covariance matrix. Econometrica, 55, 703–708.
PIRAS, R. (2010). Internal Migration Across Italian regions: Macroeconomic Determinants and Accommodating Potential for a Dualistic Economy. Working Paper 2010.115, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
PISSARIDES, C. and MCMASTER, I. (1990). Regional migration, wage and unemployment : empirical evidence and implications for policy. Oxford Economic Papers, 42 (4), 812–831.
WANDEL, J. and KAZBOGAROVA, B. (2009). Kazakhstan: Economic Transformation and Autocratic Power. Country Brief No. 4, Mercatus Policy Series.