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A New Keynesian IS Curve for Australia: Is it Forward Looking or Backward Looking?

Antonio, Paradiso and Kumar, Saten and Rao, B Bhaskara (2011): A New Keynesian IS Curve for Australia: Is it Forward Looking or Backward Looking?

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Abstract

This paper estimates the forward looking, backward looking and an extended version of the New Keynesian IS curve for Australia. The validity of these models is investigated by imposing the constraint on real rate of interest and as well as when the constraint is relaxed. Two measures of output gap viz. GAP1 (constructed using the unobserved components approach) and GAP2 (constructed using a quadratic trend) are utilized. Our results suggest that the baseline backward looking and forward looking models are overwhelmingly rejected by the data. Evidence strongly supports for the extended backward looking model (with GAP2) being relevant for monetary policy analysis.

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