Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Do financial investors affect commodity prices? The case of Hard Red Winter Wheat

Girardi, Daniele (2011): Do financial investors affect commodity prices? The case of Hard Red Winter Wheat. Published in: DEPFID Working Papers No. 6/2011

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to assess empirically whether speculative financial investments have affected wheat price dynamics in recent years. To address this issue we will (1) analyze recent agricultural price dynamics and their drivers (2) outline the process of ‘financialization’ of agricultural commodity markets, identifying the macroeconomic, monetary and legislative factors which favored it and (3) present an econometric analysis using Hard Red Winter (HRW) wheat as a case study. Since 2007 HRW wheat price fluctuations have been positively related to US stock market returns and oil price movements. These correlations appear to be determined by commodity index traders, a category of financial investors, since both these relationships proved to be spurious, with the most tracked commodity index as the confounding variable.

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