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Dynamic Factor analysis of industry sector default rates and implication for Portfolio Credit Risk Modelling

Cipollini, Andrea and Missaglia, Giuseppe (2007): Dynamic Factor analysis of industry sector default rates and implication for Portfolio Credit Risk Modelling.

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Abstract

In this paper we use a reduced form model for the analysis of Portfolio Credit Risk. For this purpose, we fit a Dynamic Factor model, DF, to a large dataset of default rates proxies and macro-variables for Italy. Multi step ahead density and probability forecasts are obtained by employing both the direct and indirect method of prediction together with stochastic simulation of the DF model. We, first, find that the direct method is the best performer regarding the out of sample projection of financial distressful events. In a second stage of the analysis, the direct method of forecasting through principal components is shown to provide the least sensitive measures of Portfolio Credit Risk to various multifactor model specifications. Finally, the simulation results suggest that the benefits in terms of credit risk diversification tend to diminish with an increasing number of factors, especially when using the indirect method of forecasting.

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