Kohnert, Dirk (1979): Rural class differentiation in Nigeria: Theory and practice - a quantitative approach in the case of Nupeland. Published in: Afrika-Spectrum , Vol. 14, No. 3 (1979): pp. 295-315.
Download (2MB) | Preview
The knowledge of social stratification within the peasantry is a decisive precondition of sustainable economic and political measures for an effective support of agricultural production in least developed countries. This is one of the reasons why also in Nigeria social scientist focus on the problem of rural social structures recently. Up to now it was considered uncontested truth that, although there is considerable social and economic differentiation between the so-called small peasants, there is no class formation within the West African peasantry. However, these conclusions may rather reflect misinterpretations of the class concept than the actual situation of the peasants. A critical review of common misinterpretations of the historic-materialist class concept lays the base for the proposition of a new methodology for an analysis of the Nupe peasantry and rural social spaces in Northern Nigeria. Applied to the results an empirical investigation of four Nupe villages in Northern Nigeria in 1976, the proposed model reveals the early stages of a rural capitalist development, notably among rice producing marsh farmers of Cis-Kaduna, despite barriers of the semi-feudal land tenure system still in vigour in Nupeland. Widespread assumptions on the predominance of social mobility as great social equalizer in Northern Nigeria are not backed by the available data.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||GIGA - German Institute of Global and Area Studies / Institute of African Affairs|
|Original Title:||Rural class differentiation in Nigeria: Theory and practice - a quantitative approach in the case of Nupeland|
|Keywords:||rural development; class; land tenure; social differentiation; mobility; Nupe; Nigeria|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics
P - Economic Systems > P1 - Capitalist Systems > P16 - Political Economy
N - Economic History > N3 - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy > N37 - Africa; Oceania
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q15 - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
|Depositing User:||Dirk Kohnert|
|Date Deposited:||22. Jun 2007|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 17:55|
Adeniyi, E. O., 1972, "Land tenure and agricultural development in Nupeland", Nig. Geog. J., 15. 1972, 1: 49-57
The Agrarian Reform Law of the People's Republic of China, App., FLP, Peking, 1950; 1959
Arnin, S., 1973, "Underdevelopment and dependence in Black Africa: Their historical origins and contemporary forms", Social and Economic Studies, 22. 1973, 1: 177-96
Angulu, U. A., 1965, "Paddy rice cultivation in Bida Emirate, Niger Province", B. A. thesis, Univ. of Ibadan, 40p.
Baldus, B., 1977, "Responses to dependence in a servile group: The Machube of Northern Benin", in: Miers, S./Kopytoff, I. (eds.), "Slavery in Africa", Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1977: 435—57
Baldwin, K. D. S., 1957, "The Niger Agricultural Project", Blackwell, Oxford, 221p.
Beer, C., 1976, ,,The politics of peasant groups in Western Nigeria", Ibadan Univ. Pr., 275p.
Berry, S. S., 1975, "Cocoa, custom and socio-economic change in rural Western Nigeria", Oxford, Clarendon Press, 240p.
Bondestam, L., 1973, "People and capitalism in the Awash Valley, Ethiopia", Seminar on the emergence of capitalism in Africa South of the Sahara, Dakar, Sept. 1973, 25p., (paper)
Chattopadhyay, P., 1972, "Mode of production in Indian agriculture, a ,anti-Kritik'", Economic and Political Weekly, 7. 1972, 53: 185-192
Collins, E. J. T., 1969, "Labour supply and demand in European agriculture, 1800—1880", in: Jones, E. J., "Agrarian change and economic development. The historical problems", London, Methuen, pp. 61-94
Collinson, M. P., 1972, "Farm management in peasant agriculture", New York, Praeger, 444p.
Harrison, M., 1975, "Resource allocation and agrarian class formation: the problem of social mo¬bility among Russian peasant households 1880-1930", Warwick Economic Research Papers, No. 26
Hill, P., 1972, "Rural Hausa, a village and a setting", Cambridge Univ. Pr., 368p.
Hill, P., 1977, "Population, prosperity and poverty. Rural Kano, 1900 and 1970", CUP, 240p.
Ho Tsai, 1957, "Rich peasant economy fades out", Peoples China, 2. 1957: 9-14
Kautsky, K., 1899, "Die Agrarfrage", Stuttgart, Dietz 450p.
Kohnert, D., 1978, "Unternehmer und Grundherren Nord-Nigerias im Kampf um die politische Macht", Afrika Spectrum, 13 (1978) 3: 269-286
Kohnert, D., 1980, "Ländliche Klassenbildung im Nupeland", Ph. D. thesis, Kiel, forthcoming
Lenin, W. L, Werke, vol. 3 and 22, Berlin, Dietz, 1960
Lubeck, P., 1979, "The value of multiple methods in researching Third World strikes: A Nigerian example", Development and Change, 10. 1979, 2: 301-19
Mao Tse-tung, Selected Works, vols. 1-5 Peking, 1968, 1977
Marx, K., "Das Kapital", vol. 1, MEW 23, Berlin, Dietz, 1969
Marx, K., "Grundrisse", Pelican Books, 1973
Mason, M., 1970, ,,The Nupe kingdom in the 19th century. A political history", Ph. D. thesis, Bir¬mingham, 1970, 541p.
Mason, M., 1973,"Captive and client labour and the economy of the Bida Emirate: 1857-1901", J. of African History 14 (1973) 3: 453-71
Matlon, P., 1979, "Income distribution among farmers in Northern Nigeria: Empirical results and policy implications", Michigan State Univ., African Rural Economy Paper, No. 18, 117 p.
Nadel, S. F.,1942, "A black Byzantium. The kingdom of Nupe in Nigeria", Oxford Univ. Pr., 420p.
National Archives Kaduna, NAK, files: "Land law and custom in Bida Division. 2. Abolition of fiefholding" and "Notes on Administrative history", BID ANA, B/1332 and BIDA, NAG/B 655
Norman, D. W., 1972, "An economic survey of three villages in Zaria Province", vol. 2, ,"Input-output study", IAR, Zaria
Norman, D. W., et al, 1976, "A socio-economic survey of three villages in the Sokoto close-settled zone", vol. 3, "Input-output study", IAR, Zaria, 203p.
Patnaik, U., 1976, "Class differentiation within the peasantry. An approach to analysis of Indian agriculture", Economic and Political Weekly, 11. 1976, 39: A82-A101
Post, K., 1972, " ,Peasantization' and rural political movements in Western Africa", Archives Europeennes de Sociologie, 13. 1972, 2: 223-54
Saul, J. S. et al., 1973, "African peasantries", in: Shanin, T. (ed.), "Peasants and peasant societies", Penguin Ed., pp. 103-114
Schoer, K., 1977, "Classes within the peasantry", Frontier, 9. 1977, 38: 7-9
Schoer, K., 1977a, "Agrarian relations and the development of the forces of production", Social Scientist, 6. 1977, 3: 13-27
Shivji, I., 1975, "Peasants and class alliances", Review of African Political Economy, 1975, 3: 10-18
Shepered, A., 1978, "Land tenure in Northern Ghana", West Africa, 28. Aug. 1978: 1699-71
Su Hsing, 1968, "The two way struggle between socialism and capitalism in China's rural areas after the land reform", in: Chinese Economic Studies, 1. 1968, 4 part I; 2. 1968/9, 1 + 2, part II + III
Tiffen M., 1976, "The enterprising peasant. Economic development in Gombe Emirate, North Eastern State, Nigeria, 1900-1968", London, HMSO, 208 p.
Williams, G., 1977, "Class relations in a neo-colony. The case of Nigeria", in: Gutkind, P. C. W./Waterman, P. (eds.), "African social studies", London, 1977: 284-94
Williams, G., 1976, "Taking the part of peasants: rural development in Nigeria and Tanzania", in: Gutkind/Wallerstein (eds.), "The political economy of contemporary Africa", London, 1976: 131-54