Islam, Asif (2011): Police and Crime Against Firms in Developing Economies.
Download (296Kb) | Preview
Economic theory predicts that a rise in police presence will reduce criminal activity. However several studies in the literature have found mixed results. This study adds to the literature by exploring the relationship between the size of police and crime against firms, an important issue especially for developing economies. Using data for about 12,000 firms in 27 developing countries we find that increasing the police force has a negative effect on crime against firms. We also find that several macro-economic factors can weaken or strengthen this negative effect. The results are robust to various sensitivity checks.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Police and Crime Against Firms in Developing Economies|
|Keywords:||Crime, Firms, Development, Police Size|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
K - Law and Economics > K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior > K42 - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O50 - General
|Depositing User:||Asif Islam|
|Date Deposited:||17. Feb 2012 11:02|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 20:43|
Alesina, A.,Devleeschauwer, A., Easterly, W., Kurlat, S., Wacziarg, R., 2003. Fractionalization. Journal of Economic Growth 8(2), 155–194.
Amin, M., 2009. Crime, Security and Firms in Latin America (Short Note). Available at: http://works.bepress.com/mohammad_amin/11 (accessed October 31, 2011).
Amin, M., 2010. Gender and firm-size: Evidence from Africa. Economics Bulletin 30(1), 663-668
Barro, R., Lee, J-W., 2010. A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950-2010. NBER Working Paper No. 15902.
Becker, G., 1968. Crime and punishment: an economic approach. Journal of Political Economy 76, 169–217.
Bourguignon, F., 1999. Crime, Violence and Inequitable Development. Delta, Paris. manuscript.
Cameron, S., 1988. The Economics of Crime Deterrence: A Survey of Theory and Evidence. Kyklos 41(2), 301–323
Di Tella, R., Schargrodsky, E., 2004. Do police reduce crime? Estimates using the allocation of police forces after a terrorist attack. The American Economic Review 94, 115–133.
Dutta, M., Zakir, H., 2009. Determinants of crime rates: Crime Deterrence and Growth in post-liberalized India, MPRA Paper No. 14478.
Ehrlich, I., 1973. Participation in illegitimate activities: a theoretical and empirical investigation. Journal of Political Economy 81, 521–565.
Fanjzylber, P., Lederman, D., Loayza, N., 2002. Inequality and violent crime. Journal of Law and Economics 45(1), 1–39.
Fanjzylber, P., Lederman, D., Loayza, N., 2000. Crime and victimization: an economic perspective. Economia 1 (1), 219– 278 (Fall).
Fennelly, K., Federico, C., 2008. Rural residence as a determinant of attitudes toward US immigration policy. International Migration 46(1), 151-190
Gaviria,A., 2002. Assessing the effects of corruption and crime on firm performance: evidence from Latin America. Emerging Markets Review (3), 245-268.
Ghosh, A., Robertson, P. E., Robitaille, M-C., 2011. Crime, factor abundance and globalization: evidence from cross-country panel data. Unpublished manuscript. Downloaded October 31, 2011 .http://economics.adelaide.edu.au/events/ATW2011/Robertson.pdf
Glaeser, E. L., Sacerdote, B., 1999. Why is there more crime in cities. Journal of Political Economy 107(6), 225-258
Hopkins, M., 2002. Crimes against Businesses: The Way Forward for Future Research. British Journal of Criminology, 42(4): 782-797.
Kelly, M., 2000. Inequality and crime. Review of Economics and Statistics 82 (4), 540– 554 (November).
Kovandzic, T. V., Sloan, J. J., 2002. Police levels and crime rates revisited - A county-level analysis from Florida (1980-1998). Journal of Criminal Justice 30, 65-76.
Levitt, S., 2004. Understanding why crime fell in the 1990s: four factors that explain the decline and six that do not. Journal of Economic Perspectives 18, 163–190.
Levitt, S., 1997. Using electoral cycles in police hiring to estimate the effect of police on crime. American Economic Review. 87(3), 270–90.
Marvell, T., Moody, C., 1996. Specification problems, police levels, and crime rates. Criminology. 34(4), 609–646.
Naidoo, J., 2006. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Crime in South Africa, http://www.sarpn.org.za, date accessed on 31 October 2011.
Soares, R. R., 2004. Development, crime and punishment: accounting for the international differences in crime rates. Journal of Development Economics 73(1),155–184.
Wright, R. T., Decker, S. H., 1994. Burglars on the job: street life and residential break-ins. Boston: Northeastern University Press.