Omer, Muhammad and Jafri, Sarah (2008): Pro Poor Growth in Pakistan: An Assessment of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. Published in: South Asia Economic Journal , Vol. 9, No. 1 (2008): pp. 51-68.
Download (372Kb) | Preview
This study assesses the impact of economic growth on absolute poverty in Pakistan over the last four decades. The paper attempts to answer the question; is economic growth in Pakistan pro poor? In addition, an attempt is made to evaluate the distribution of income within the poor to determine the sensitivity of different income groups, below the poverty line, to economic growth. The assessments are conducted through Growth Incidence Curves, a calculation of the Rate of Pro-Poor Growth (RPPG) and the Ordinary Rate of Growth (ORG). it is found that the economic growth in Pakistan is not intrinsically pro poor. Although it was strongly pro poor in the 1980’s and pro poor in the 2000s, growth in the 1970s was neutral for poverty whereas growth in the 1990s was anti poor. The analysis shows that the first decile is most sensitive to economic growth and most vulnerable to economic shocks as well.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Pro Poor Growth in Pakistan: An Assessment of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and 2000s|
|English Title:||Pro Poor Growth in Pakistan: An Assessment of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and 2000s|
|Keywords:||Pro Poor Growth, Pakistan, Growth Incidence Curve|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||Muhammad Omer|
|Date Deposited:||18. Feb 2012 19:59|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 06:18|
BAULCH, B. and N. MCCULLOCH (1998), ‘Being Poor and Becoming Poor: Poverty Status and Poverty Transitions in Rural Pakistan’. Working Paper No. 79, UK: Institute of Development Studies. CORD, L., H. LOPEZ and J. PAGE (2003), ‘When I Use a Word…: Pro Poor Growth and Poverty Reduction’, Washington D.C.: World Bank. Available at http://povlibrary.worldbank.org/files/ 15179_Page_Lopez_Cord_- _When_I_use_a_word.pdf CRPRID (CENTRE FOR RESEARCH ON POVERTY REDUCTION AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION) (2002), Pakistan Human Condition Report (2002). Islamabad: Centre for Research on Poverty Reduction and Income Distribution. Available at http://www.crprid.org/Publications/HCR2002.zip ——— (2003), Pakistan Human Condition Report (2003). Islamabad: Centre for Research on Poverty Reduction and Income Distribution. Available at http://www.crprid.org/Publications/HCR2003.zip EASTERLY, W. (2001), ‘The Political Economy of Growth Without Development: A Case Study of Pakistan’, Development Research Group, World Bank. Available at http://ksghome.harvard.edu/ ~drodrik/Growth%20volume/Easterly-Pakistan.pdf ECONOMIC SURVEYS (Various Issues). Ministry of Finance, Islamabad: Government of Pakistan. GOP (2001). Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. Jointly prepared by Policy Wing, Finance Division and Poverty Reduction Cell, Islamabad: Planning Commission. Available at www.imf.org/ External/NP/prsp/2001/pak/01 GRINSPUN, A. (2004), ‘Measuring Poverty: what in the line?’, Paper No. 8, International Poverty Centre, December. Available at http://www.undp- povertycentre.org/pub/IPCOnePager8.pdf HIES (1968–69). Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Islamabad: Federal Bureau of Statistics. ——— (1979). Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Islamabad: Federal Bureau of Statistics. ——— (1987–88). Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Islamabad: Federal Bureau of Statistics. ——— (1998–99). Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Islamabad: Federal Bureau of Statistics. ——— (2004–05). Household Income and Expenditure Survey. Islamabad: Federal Bureau of Statistics. IMF (2004). Pakistan: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. Country Report No. 04/24. Washington D.C.: IMF. KAKWANI, N. and E.M. PERNIA (2000), ‘What is Pro-poor Growth?’, Asian Development Review, 18(1): 1–16. KEMAL, A.R. (2001), ‘Structural Adjustment, Macroeconomic Policies, and Poverty Trends in Pakistan’. Paper for Asia and Pacific Policy Forum: Reforming Policies and Institutions for Poverty Reduction, Asian Development Bank, Manila, 5–9 February. KHAN, M.H. (2002), ‘When Is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan’. IMF Working Paper No. WP/02/85, Washington D.C.: IMF. KLASEN, S. (2003), ‘In Search of the Holy Grail: How to Achieve Pro-poor Growth’, Geottingen: Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research. Available at http://www2.vwl.wiso.unigoettingen.de/ibero/papers/DB96.pdf KRAAY, A. (2004), ‘When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence’. Working Paper No. 4/47, Washington. D.C.: IMF. OECD (2001), ‘Rising to the Global Challenge: Partnership for Reducing World Poverty’, Statement by the DAC High Level Meeting, Paris: OECD. PASHA, H. and T. PALANIVEL (2005), ‘Pro Poor Growth and Policies: The Asian Experience’, Asia-Pacific Regional Programme on Macroeconomics and Poverty Reduction, Kathmandu: UNDP. Available at http://www.policyinnovations.org/ideas/policy_library/data/01103 QURESHI, S.K. and G.M. ARIF (2001), ‘Profile of Poverty in Pakistan 1998–99’. MIMAP Technical Paper Series No. 5, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad. RAVALLION, M. (2004), ‘Pro-Poor Growth: A Primer’. Policy Research Working Paper No. 3242, Washington D.C.: World Bank. RAVALLION, M. and S. CHEN (2001), ‘Measuring Pro-Poor Growth’. Policy Research Working Paper No. 2666, Washington D.C.: World Bank. SEN, A. (1976), ‘Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement’, Econometrica, 44(2): 219–31. SPDC (2004), Social Development in Pakistan: Annual Review No.06. Karachi: Social Policy and Development Centre. Available at http://www.spdc-pak.com WORLD BANK (2002), Poverty in Pakistan in the 1990s: An Interim Assessment. Report for Pakistan Human Development Forum (Summary of the Report), January. Washington D.C.: World Bank. Available at siteresources.worldbank.org/PAKISTANEXTN/Resources/pdf-Files-in-Events/ Poverty+ Paper.pdf ——— (2002). Pakistan Development Policy Review: A New Dawn? Report No. 23916- PAK. Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, South Asia Region, April. Washington D.C.: World Bank. ——— (2002), Pakistan Poverty Assessment, Poverty in Pakistan: Vulnerabilities, Social Gaps, and Rural Dynamics. Report No. 24296-PAK, October. Washington D.C.: World Bank. Zaidi, A. (1999), ‘Is poverty now a permanent phenomenon in Pakistan?’ EPW Special Articles, Economics and Political Weekly, 9 October.