Soliman, Ibrahim and Bassiony, Hala (2011): Role of buffalo in international trade. Published in: Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology , Vol. B 1, (January 2012): pp. 799-809.
Download (308Kb) | Preview
Although buffalo populations expand in 43 courtiers in the world, only four countries are producing more than 98% of the world buffalo milk in 2007 and around 73% of the world buffalo meat in the same year. These are China, India, Pakistan, and Egypt. Egypt is almost the only country in Africa that raises buffalo. There was a growth rate in the number of milking buffaloes and the percentage of milking buffaloes in the total stock is around 44%. The average annual milk yield per head increased from 957 kilograms in 1991 to about 1394 in 2007, at an annual growth rate 3%. There was an increase in the number of slaughtered animals at 1.5% a year, associated with an increase in the average carcass weight from 133 Kg to 174 Kg at annual rate of 1.9%. The buffaloes in Africa produce 50% of milk and 42% of red meat. The buffalo systems recognize higher profitability and return to investment, and lower net production costs of milk (4% fat), than both local and exotic cattle breeds. Egypt has apparent comparative advantage in producing milk rather than meat from buffalo. Therefore, the development plan should focus upon raising buffalo milk productivity, making meat production as a secondary joint product. Buffalo production is an approach towards rural development. Rural women have a major role in either decision making or labor share of buffalo enterprising. The progressive buffalo farms showed potential productive and reproductive performances. They are nucleus farms providing the traditional farms with improved genetic makeup
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Role of buffalo in international trade|
|English Title:||Role of Buffalo in International Trade|
|Keywords:||Comparative advantage; Buffalo production systems, Rural development; Progressive farms|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q17 - Agriculture in International Trade
|Depositing User:||Ibrahim Soliman|
|Date Deposited:||10. Mar 2012 17:19|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 07:13|
El- Asfahani, A., H., and soliman, I., 1989, Planning for food and nutrition security: social, economic and political consideration. Food and Nutrition bulletin. 11: 61-64
Sharaf, M., soliman, I., and Seleem, A., 1987, Towards development of marketing systems of livestock, animal products & fish in Egypt. In: National symposium of price and marketing policies in Egypt" (eds. F. Bishay, S. Nasser and Z. Abdullah). FAO. TCP. EGY. 6652, No. (1)
Soliman, I. and Ragab, A., M., 1985, Labor use patterns for livestock operations on conventional farms with special emphasis on the women role in Egypt. Zagazig J. Agric. Res., 12: 647-654.
Mashhour, A., F., 1995, Economics of biotechnology for dairy cattle in Egyptian agriculture: Genetic Investment. Ph. D. Dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University. (In Arabic)
Soliman, I. and Eid, N., 1995, Impacts of Egyptian socio-economic environment on dietary pattern and adequacy. Egyptian J. Agric. Econ., 5: 757-782.
Soliman, I. and El-Shenawy, M., 1985, Livestock Working Power in Egyptian Agriculture. 18th_Annual Conference of Statistics, Computer Sciences, Operation Research and Mathematics, Institute of Statistical studies and Research, Cairo University. Giza. Egypt Vol. 18 No. l P. 1-20.
Soliman, I. and Fitch, J. B., 1985, Relative economic efficiency of buffalo milk production in Egypt. Proceedings of 1st World Buffalo Congress, organized by the International Buffalo Federation (IBF), (Invited Paper) Vol. 3, P. 640 – 648.
Soliman, I., and Mashhour, A., 2002, Socio-economic aspects of buffalo production. Proceedings of the 4tl1 Asian Buffalo Congress on "Buffalo for Food Security and Rural Employment" Volume (Lead Papers), P. 272 - 283, Organized by Indian Association for Buffalo Development & Asian Buffalo Association Financed by American Soya Association, Held in New Delhi, India
Soliman, I., and Mashhour, A., F., 2000, Impacts of economic liberalization on socio-economic factors affecting investment in livestock on traditional farms. Egyptian J. Appl. Sci., Vol. 15, No. 4, P. 197-212.
Soliman, I., and Nawar, M., 1986, Feed use pattern for livestock on the Egyptian farm. Proceedings of the 7th Conference of Animal Production, P. 290-304, Organized by the Egyptian Society of Animal Production in Collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture of Egypt, Faculty of Agriculture Cairo University, Giza, Egypt, Held at the Egyptian International Center for Agriculture in Cairo.
Soliman, I., and Sadek, M., .H., 2004, Impacts of productive and reproductive performance on investment efficiency of buffalo enterprise in Egypt, Proceedings of 7th World Buffalo Congress, Organized by International Buffalo Federation Invited Papers, Volume I, P. 212-222.
Soliman, I., and Shapouri, S., 1984, The impacts of wheat price policy change on nutrition status in Egypt. An ERS Research Bulletin No.AGES831129, Published by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Economic Research Service, International Economic Division". Wash. DC. USA.
Soliman, I., 1985a, Milk marketed surplus of the Egyptian mixed farm. Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference on Statistics, Computer Sciences, Operations research and Mathematics Vol. 1. (Applied Statistics and Economics) No. 1, P. 77-86, Organized by Institute of Statistical Studies and research, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Soliman, I., 1985b, An analysis of the buffalo milk response under the conventional Egyptian farming system. Proceedings of the 10th Congress of Statistics, Computer Sciences, Social and Demographic Research Vol. 3 P. 91-106. Computer Center. Ain Shams University. Abbassia. Cairo. Egypt.
Soliman, I., 1987, Marketing as an approach towards livestock development in Egypt. Proceedings of the Egyptian-Austrian Symposium on Dairy Cattle Husbandry, Organized by Agricultural Research Center of the Ministry of agriculture, Faculty of agriculture, Cairo University and the Cultural Section of the Austrian Embassy.
Soliman, I., 1991, Feasibility of buffalo production in Egyptian economy through a planning model. Proceedings of the 3rd World Buffalo Congress Vol.2 "Statistics" P.293-300 Organized by the International Buffalo Federation, in collaboration with the Agricultural Academy in Sofia. Held at Vama, Bulgaria.
Soliman, I., 1992, Agricultural mechanization and economic efficiency of agricultural production in Egypt, Proceedings of The International Conference of Agricultural Engineering, (92-ICAE) Vol. 1, Part 1 "General Topics and Keynote Papers P. 51-59. Published and Distributed by International Academic Publishers, Xizhimenwai, Dajie, Beijing. 100044, People's Republic of China, ISBN, 780003-199-3/312s
Soliman, I., 1994, Impacts of GATT implication on animal protein food system in Egypt. Egyptian J. Agric. Econ, 4: 172-192
Soliman, I., 2004, The role of rural women in labor and decision making for buffalo enterprise in Egyptian Agriculture. Proceedings of 7th World Buffalo Congress, Organized by International Buffalo Federation contributed Papers Volume 2, P777-783, Manila, Philippine