Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Testing for Stochastic and Beta-convergence in Latin American Countries

Escobari, Diego (2011): Testing for Stochastic and Beta-convergence in Latin American Countries. Published in: Applied Econometrics and International Development , Vol. 11, No. 2 (2011): pp. 123-138.

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Abstract

This paper uses time-series data from nineteen Latin American countries and the U.S. to test for income convergence using two existing definitions of convergence and a new testable definition of β-convergence. Only Dominican Republic and Paraguay were found to pair-wise converge according to the Bernard and Durlauf (1995) definition. More evidence of stochastic convergence exists when allowing for structural breaks using the two-break minimum LM unit root of Lee and Strazicich (2003). The results show greater evidence of convergence within Central America than within South America. Dominican Republic is the only country that complies with the neoclassical conditions of income convergence.

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