Chen, Liang (2012): Identifying observed factors in approximate factor models: estimation and hypothesis testing.
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Despite their popularities in recent years, factor models have long been criticized for the lack of identification. Even when a large number of variables are available, the factors can only be consistently estimated up to a rotation. In this paper, we try to identify the underlying factors by associating them to a set of observed variables, and thus give interpretations to the orthogonal factors estimated by the method of Principal Components. We first propose a estimation procedure to select a set of observed variables, and then test the hypothesis that true factors are exact linear combinations of the selected variables. Our estimation method is shown to able to correctly identity the true observed factor even in the presence of mild measurement errors, and our test statistics are shown to be more general than those of Bai and Ng (2006). The applicability of our methods in finite samples and the advantages of our tests are confirmed by simulations. Our methods are also applied to the returns of portfolios to identify the underlying risk factors.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Identifying observed factors in approximate factor models: estimation and hypothesis testing|
|English Title:||Identifying observed factors in approximate factor models: estimation and hypothesis testing|
|Keywords:||factor models; observed factors; estimation; hypothesis testing; Fama-French three factors|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C13 - Estimation: General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C12 - Hypothesis Testing: General
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C0 - General > C01 - Econometrics
|Depositing User:||Liang Chen|
|Date Deposited:||20. Mar 2012 18:58|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 16:43|
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