Martino, Gaetano and Frascarelli, Angelo (2012): Adaptation in Food Networks: theoretical framework and empirical evidences.
Download (113kB) | Preview
The objective of the paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the governance of the food networks focusing on two related aspect: the integration among the agents and the adaptation in the face of emerging disturbances. Adaptation is a central problem of economic organisations (Williamson, 1985, 1991), and its conceptualisation is integrated within complementary theoretical perspectives. Arruñada, Garicano & Vàzquez (2005) posit that the assignment of decision rights in long-term relationships provides an opportunity to reduce the associated bargaining costs. Ménard (2004, 2006) offers a generalisation of the adaptation concept for the class of hybrid governance structures. Gibbon (2005) subsumes the theme of adaptation in a complex theoretical structure by framing four elemental theories of the firm. Among them, the adaptation theory asks whether integration or non-integration better facilitates ‘adaptive, sequential decision making’ in the sense of Williamson (Gibbon, 2005, p. 205). The paper aims at addressing the problem on what are the role of the adaptation processes in the implementation of sustainable strategies in Food Networks. After having elaborated and presented the theoretical framework, the paper illustrates and discusses seven cases of governance agreement. Four cases concern with agreement arranged at the Italian National level, three cases regard regional level Food Networks. Beyond the differences in the institutional environments, the cases also differ because of the degree of integration. The field research was carried out by documents analysis and interviews. The focus was on the identification of the five stages mentioned and on the classification of the decision rights the agreements allocated between the parties. The paper contributes to the literature by corroborating the theoretical hypothesis (Gibbons, 2005; Wu, 2006) and providing empirical information about the management of Food Networks in the face of emerging disturbances in critical fields: sustainability, quality systems and innovation.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Adaptation in Food Networks: theoretical framework and empirical evidences|
|English Title:||Adaptation in Food Networks: theoretical framework and empirical evidences|
|Keywords:||Adaptation, uncertainty,transaction costs, food network, integration|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance > L14 - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation; Networks
L - Industrial Organization > L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing > L66 - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco; Wine and Spirits
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior > L22 - Firm Organization and Market Structure
|Depositing User:||Gaetano Martino|
|Date Deposited:||24. Mar 2012 16:28|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 02:32|
Afuah, A. 2001. Dynamics boundaries of the firm: Are firm better off being vertically integrated in the face of a technological change. Academy of Management Journal, 44: 1211-1228.
Arruñada, B., Garicano, L., & Vàzquez, L. 2005. Completing contracts ex-post: How car manufacturers manage car dealers. Review of Law and Economics, 1: 149-173.
Baker, G., Gibbons, R., & Murphy, K. J. 2002. Relational contracts and the theory of the firm. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117: 39-83.
Coase, R. H. 1937. The nature of the firm. Economica, 4: 386-405.
Dahlstrom, R., & Nygaard, A. 2010. Epilogue: Popperian perspectives on transaction cost economics and future directions of empirical research. Journal of Retailing, 86: 284-290.
David, R., & Han, S. K. 2004. A systematic assessment of the empirical support for transaction cost economics. Strategic Management Journal, 25: 39-58.
Geysken, I., Steenkamp, J. B. E. M., & Kumar, N. 2006. Make, buy or ally: A transaction cost theory meta-analysis. Academy of Management Journal, 49: 519-543.
Gibbons, R. 2005. Four formal(izable) theories of the firm? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 58: 200-245.
Gibbons, R. 2010. Transaction Cost Economics: Past, Present and Future?, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 112: 263-288.
Gulati, R., Lawrence, P., & Puranam, P. 2005. Adaptation in vertical relationships: Beyond incentive conflict. Strategic Management Journal, 26: 415-440.
MacNeil, I. R. 1978. Contracts: Adjustment of long-term economic relations under classical, neoclassical and relational contract law. Northwestern University Law Review, 72: 854-905.
Martino G., Pampanini R., 2006 - Natura economica delle organizzazioni dei produttori agricoli: un’interpretazione alla luce della teoria neoistituzionale, Economia e Diritto Agroalimentare, n. 1-2
Martino G., Pampanini R., 2009. Integration Policy in Agri-Food Chains: Theory and Empirical Evidences, Paper presented at the 4th International Conference on Economics and Management of Networks, September 3-5, 2009, School of Economics and Business, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo
Martino G., (2010), Trust, Contracting and Adaptation in Agri-Food Hybrid Structures, International Journal on Food System Dynamics, 3
Fritz M., Martino G., Surci G., (2008), Trust conditional on governance structure: theory and evidence from case studies, Journal on Chain and Network Science, vol. 8, n.1
White, S. 2005. Cooperation costs, governance choice and alliance evolution. Journal of Management Studies, 42: 1383-1412.
Williamson, O. E. 1985. The economic institutions of capitalism. London, U.K.: The Free Press.
Williamson, O. E. 1991. Comparative economic organization: The analysis of discrete structural alternatives. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36: 259-296.
Williamson, O. E. 1995. Transaction-cost economics: The governance of contractual relations. In O. E. Williamson, & S. E. Masten (Eds.), Transaction cost economics -Theory and concepts- (Vol. 1): 96-124. Aldershot, U.K.: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Williamson, O. E. 1996. The mechanisms of governance. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press. Williamson, O. E. 2005. The economics of governance. American Economic Review, 95: 1-18.
Wu, S. Y. 2006. Contract Theory and Agricultural Policy Analysis: A discussion and survey of recent developments. The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 50: 490-509