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Energy consumption and economic growth: evidence from nonlinear panel cointegration and causality tests

Omay, Tolga and Hasanov, Mubariz and Ucar, Nuri (2012): Energy consumption and economic growth: evidence from nonlinear panel cointegration and causality tests.

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Abstract

In this paper, we propose a nonlinear cointegration test for heterogeneous panels where the alternative hypothesis is an exponential smooth transition (ESTAR) model. We apply our tests for investigating cointegration relationship between energy consumption and economic growth for the G7 countries covering the period 1977-2007. Moreover, we estimate a nonlinear Panel Vector Error Correction Model in order to analyze the direction of the causality between energy consumption and economic growth. By using nonlinear causality tests we analyze the causality relationships in low economic growth and high economic growth regimes. Furthermore, we deal with the cross section dependency problem in both nonlinear panel cointegration test and nonlinear Panel Vector Error Correction Model.

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