Munich Personal RePEc Archive

An analysis of different approaches to women empowerment: a case study of Pakistan

Chaudhary, Amatul R. and Chani, Muhammad Irfan and Pervaiz, Zahid (2012): An analysis of different approaches to women empowerment: a case study of Pakistan. Published in: World Applied Sciences Journal , Vol. 16, No. 7 (2012): pp. 971-980.

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Abstract

Women empowerment has attracted the attention of researchers as an active area of research since 1980s. It can be viewed as an ultimate end as well as a mean to achieve other development goals. The present study is an attempt to investigate how consciousness /sensitization of women about their rights, economic empowerment of women and women’s overall development can be helpful in achieving the goal of women’s empowerment. The study uses data for the period of 1996 to 2009 for Pakistan. Empirical results reveal that consciousness of women about their rights, economic empowerment of women and women’s overall development have positive and significant effect on women’s empowerment as measured by Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) index. Granger Causality Test confirms the existence of bi-directional causality between women’s overall development and women’s empowerment. A unidirectional causality exists between sensitization of women and women’s empowerment.

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