Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Allocation of capital in the post liberalized regime: a case study of the Indian corporate sector

Saumitra, Bhaduri and Amit, Kumar (2012): Allocation of capital in the post liberalized regime: a case study of the Indian corporate sector.

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Abstract

The paper investigates the prevalent trends in the allocation of capital in an emerging economy, India, during the post financial liberalization regime. In contrast to the conventional wisdom that financial liberalization leads to better allocation of funds, the study could not find any obvious evidence of increase in the efficiency over the reform period, especially during the early years of reform. Further, the study highlights the disturbing trend of convergence of efficiencies across various strata of firms towards a lower level over the reform period. The paper rationalizes the decline as a result of excessive capacity creation in certain industries, financed by cheap external sources of finance, without any consideration of return or demand conditions. The paper, as a policy recommendation, highlights the importance of creating appropriate institutions prior to pursuing financial liberalization in developing countries like India.

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