Ghafele, Roya (2008): Perceptions of intellectual property: a review. Published in: Intellectual Property Institute Working Paper (2008): pp. 1-42.
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In “The right to good ideas: patents and the poor”, The Economist depicts two driving forces in the contemporary discourse on IP and globalization. The one is interested in advancing the knowledge economy, an approach based on the belief that knowledge is the driving factor behind economic growth. The other resides on a belief that IP is a major means to advance the process of globalization. While the former is strongly motivated by new economic growth theory, as for example advanced by Stanford professor Paul Romer, the latter is based on typical anti-globalization arguments, such as for example the position that the IP system helps multinational companies to build up monopolies to the detriment of the poor, drives small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and local business in developing countries out of business and increases prices for consumer products, be they pharmaceuticals or software. The purpose of this review is to help understand the current discourse on intellectual property, to grasp underlying themes, assumptions and connotations associated with the term “IP”, so as to identify paths leading to a more comprehensive understanding of IP and the opportunities and pitfalls it may provide.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Perceptions of intellectual property: a review|
|Keywords:||Globalization, TRIPS, Developing Countries, Discourse Analysis, Intellectual Property|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O38 - Government Policy
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O34 - Intellectual Property Rights
|Depositing User:||Roya Ghafele|
|Date Deposited:||13. Apr 2012 23:08|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 09:29|
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Intellectual Property: US Efforts have contributed to Strengthened Laws overseas, but challenges remain. GAO Report 04-912-2004: Washington D.C.; “CBP Supports EU-US action strategy for enforcement of IP”, Fed News June 23 2006; “IPR -Capitol Hill hearing testimony”, CQ Congressional testimony, November 7 2007; “US names IP enforcement chief in Asia”,
States News Service, January 5 2006; “Counterfeiting and Theft of Tangible IP”, Capitol Hill Hearing Testimony. Federal Document Clearing House Congressional Testimony. March 23 2004;
“ IP and Beyond: Why Protecting it is Everyone’s Business”, Cisco White Paper C11 41 8387-00 7/07, San Francisco 2007;
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“ Intellectual Property Rights, Counterfeiting & Piracy” http://useu.usmission.gov/Dossiers/IPR/default.asp.
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Chris Stewart: GALLUP Presentation given at the WIPO/OECD Expert Meeting on Measurement and Statistical Issues related to Counterfeiting and Piracy. Geneva October 17/18 2005;
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M. Naphtali, “Speak freely unless it is under Copyright, too”, Sony Music Entertainment, February 27 2006.
L. Lessig, ibid; John Frow, “Public Domain and the New Order of Knowledge”, 10/2. Social Semiotics 2000, pp 173-185.
K. Rajeswari, “My Bit: Unfair International Treaties”, Consumer International Asia Pacific Group, 2006.
Geoffrey Robertson and Andrew Nicol in M. Naphtali, “Speak freely unless it is under Copyright, too”. Sony Music Entertainment. February 27 2006.
“Taking the Copyright Fight into a New Arena”, The New York Times, July 2 2007.
M. T. Sundra Rajan, “Copyright and Tyranny”, The Foundations of Socialist Copyright Law, Routledge Studies in International Law. New York 2006.
K. Rajeswari, ibid.
S. Vaidhyanathan, Copyrights and Copywrongs: The Rise of Intellectual Property and How it Threatens Creativity, New York University Press, New York 2001.
Ibid.; M. d’Antoni/M.A. Rossi, “Copyright versus Copyleft Licencing and Software Development”, http://www.econ-pol.unisi.it/quaderni/510.pdf.
D. Shaw, ibid. http://www.illegal-art.org.
J. Clasper, “Stealing Beauty-America’s harsh Copyright Laws are Ridiculed by an Exhibition of Illegal Art”, New Statesman, November 6 2006.
See eg “Open Source Lawyers Claim Microsoft Users Pay a Patent Tax”, ePostal News, May 7 2007; “Open Source Finance”, Investment Dealer’s Digest, February 27 2007;
“Microsoft to Lease Some Ideas to Start Ups”, New York Times, May 5 2005; “IBM to Give Free Access to 500 Patents”, New York Times, January 11 2005.
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E. Goffman, Interaktionsrituale, über Verhalten in direkter Kommunikation [Cambridge/Massachusetts 1972], Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main 1999; E. Goffman, Frame Analysis, an essay on the Organization of Experience, Northeastern University Press, Cambridge/Massachusetts 1974.
M. Foucault, The Archeology of Knowledge [Paris 1969] London/New York 1986, Barnes/Noble Books.
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N.Fairclough, Language and Power  11th edition: Longman: London/New York 1998; Critical Discourse Analysis: the critical study of language, Longman, London/New York 1995.
R. Barthes, Le Dégré Zéro de l‘ Ecriture, du Seuil, Paris 1953.
UK Intellectual Property Office: UK Intellectual Property Awareness Survey 2006, prepared by R. Pitkethly. Said School of Business. Oxford University 2006.