Munich Personal RePEc Archive

I flussi migratori: Rifugio e asilo nei paesi euro-mediterranei

Caruso, Immacolata and Venditto, Bruno (2010): I flussi migratori: Rifugio e asilo nei paesi euro-mediterranei. Published in: , Vol. Rappor, (2010): pp. 63-81.

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Abstract

The current economic crisis does and will have in future effects both on the life of the migrants and more in general on the migration flows. It is clear that the redefinition of the rules of governance will not only regard the financial markets but will also have an impact on the system of control of migration. In the past all economic crisis have had a strong negative impact on the migrants movements. After the 1929 crisis, together with the "New Deal" about half a million of Mexicans were expelled from the US often with their children who were born there. The economic crisis of the early seventy was instead tackled by the German government with so-called "Anwerbestoppthe" by stopping the recruitment of migrant workers and the development of programs for the repatriation of the workers in excess. Similar patterns can now be found in many other European countries; in the efforts to revisit the legislation on migration many norms regulate migration in a restrictive sense. On the other hand despite that migration flows have not diminished of intensity. There is, in fact profound differences in the current economic system compared with the New Deal, hence it is sensibly to assume that even in a period of economic turmoil the demand for migrants workers remains stable. For this reason the legislation pertaining migration will continue to be dominated by the needs of ensuring economic growth, the demand of the labor market and the control of the illegal immigrants. There is however the risk that in the net of the control of illegal migration will also fall that part of migrants representing the category of the refugees and asylum seekers. Those are in fact are assimilated to the illegal immigrants and are deprived from the protection of the international law. Based on that we are going to analyse the situation of the refugees and asylum seekers in the different Europe countries in order to better define the dimension of such category often underestimated or neglected by the scholar.

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