Partridge, Mark and Betz, Mike (2012): Country Road Take Me Home: Migration Patterns in the Appalachia America and Place-Based Policy.
Download (702kB) | Preview
This research fills a void in the regional development literature by assessing how labor force migration affects regional adjustment in peripheral regions and whether it differs than the rest of the country. We do this by comparing patterns for the lagging Appalachian region to the U.S. as a whole for the 1990s and post-2000 periods. We appraise whether successful job creation helps the original residents seeking employment, or primarily goes to outsiders, rendering place-based development policy ineffective. In a novel addition, we also appraise whether local job creation is associated with attracting relatively wealthier net-migrants. Because different relative migration elasticities imply different responses for other labor market outcomes, we also assess whether employment growth supports original residents in terms of lifting median household incomes and employment/population rates and reducing unemployment rates and poverty rates. We find that migration post-2000 has become less responsive to employment growth differentials, which allows successful economic development to lift the employment prospects of original residents, which also produces a stronger response in reducing local poverty rates.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Country Road Take Me Home: Migration Patterns in the Appalachia America and Place-Based Policy|
|Keywords:||Migration, appalachia, regional economic development|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O18 - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics
|Depositing User:||Mark D. Partridge|
|Date Deposited:||23. Apr 2012 10:55|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 17:55|
Ali, Kamar, Mark D. Partridge and Dan S. Rickman. forthcoming. "International Immigration and Domestic Out-Migrants: Are Domestic Migrants Moving to New Jobs or Away from Immigrants?" Annals of Regional Science. DOI 10.1007/s00168-011-0456-2.
Barca, Fabrizio. 2010. “An Agenda for a Reformed Cohesion Policy: A Place-Based Approach to Meeting European Union Challenges and Expectations.” Independent Report, prepared at the request of Danuta Hübner, Commissioner for Regional Policy. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/policy/future/pdf/report_barca_v0306.pdf.
Bartik, Timothy J. 1993. "Who Benefits from Local Job Growth: Migrants or the Original Residents?" Regional Studies 27(4):297-311. ------. 1991. Who Benefits from State and Local Economic Development Policies? Kalamazoo, Mich.:; W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Biagi, Bianca, Alessandra Faggian and Philip McCann. 2011. "Long and Short Distance Migration in Italy: The Role of Economic, Social and Environmental Characteristics." Spatial Economic Analysis 6(1):111-131.
Black, Dan A., Terra G. McKinnish and Seth G. Sanders. 2003. "Does the Availability of High-Wage Jobs for Low-Skilled Men Affect Welfare Expenditures? Evidence from Shocks to the Steel and Coal Industries." Journal of Public Economics 87(9-10):1921-1942.
Black, Dan, Kermit Daniel and Seth Sanders. 2002. "The Impact of Economic Conditions on Participation in Disability Programs: Evidence from the Coal Boom and Bust." American Economic Review 92(1):27-50.
Black, Dan, Terra McKinnish and Seth Sanders. 2005. "The Economic Impact of the Coal Boom and Bust." Economic Journal 115(503):449-476.
Blanchard, Olivier J. and Lawrence F. Katz. 1992. "Regional Evolutions." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (1):1-61.
Blank, Rebecca M. 2005. "Poverty, Policy, and Place: How Poverty and Policies to Alleviate Poverty Are Shaped by Local Characteristics." International Regional Science Review 28(4):441-464.
Blumenberg, Evelyn and Kimiko Shiki. 2004. "Spatial Mismatch Outside of Large Urban Areas: An Analysis of Welfare Recipients in Fresno County, California." Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 22(3):401-421.
Bollinger, Christopher, James P. Ziliak and Kenneth R. Troske. 2011. "Down from the Mountain: Skill Upgrading and Wages in Appalachia." Journal of Labor Economics 29(4):819-857.
Clark, David E. 2003. "Migration and Implicit Amenity Markets: Does Incomplete Compensation Matter?" Journal of Economic Geography 3(3):289-307.
Dorfman, Jeffrey H., Mark D. Partridge and Hamilton Galloway. 2011. "Do Natural Amenities Attract High-Tech Jobs? Evidence from a Smoothed Bayesian Spatial Model." Spatial Economic Analysis 6(4):397-422.
Douglas, Stratford. 1997. "Estimating Relative Standard of Living in the United States Using Cross-Migration Data." Journal of Regional Science 37(3):411-436.
Eliasson, Kent, Urban Lindgren and Olle Westerlund. 2003. "Geographical Labour Mobility: Migration or Commuting?" Regional Studies 37(8):827-837.
Faggian, Alessandra, Mark D. Partridge and Dan S. Rickman. 2012. "Cultural Avoidance and Internal Migration in the USA: Do the source countries matter?"in Migration Impact Analysis, edited by J. Poot, M. Sahin and P. Nijkamp. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.
Feser, Edward, Henry Renski and Harvey Goldstein. 2008. "Clusters and Economic Development Outcomes: An Analysis of the Link between Clustering and Industry Growth." Economic Development Quarterly 22(4):324-344.
Gebremariam, Gebremeskel H., Tesfa G. Gebremedhin and Peter V. Schaeffer. 2011. "Employment, Income, and Migration in Appalachia: A Spatial Simultaneous Equations Approach." Journal of Regional Science 51(1):102-120.
Gibbs, Robert M. 1994. "The Information Effects of Origin on Migrants' Job Search Behavior." Journal of Regional Science 34(2):163-178.
Glaeser, Edward L. 1998. "Are Cities Dying?" Journal of Economic Perspectives 12(2):139-160.
Glaeser, Edward L. and Joshua D. Gottlieb. 2008. "The Economics of Place-Making Policies." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity:155-239.
Glaeser, Edward L., Jose A. Scheinkman and Andrei Shleifer. 1995. "Economic Growth in a Cross-Section of Cities." Journal of Monetary Economics 36(1):117-143.
Goetz, Stephan J. and Anil Rupasingha. 2009. "Determinants of Growth in Non-farm Proprietor Densities in the US, 1990-2000." Small Business Economics 32(4):425-438.
Gross, Emily. 2005. “Internal Revenue Service Area-To-Area Migration Data: Strengths, Limitations, and Current Trends.” Proceedings of the Annual Meetings of the American Statistical Association. 1131-1137. Available at: https://www.amstat.org/sections/srms/Proceedings/y2005/Files/JSM2005-000380.pdf.
Hughes, Gordon and Barry McCormick. 1994. "Did Migration in the 1980s Narrow the North-South Divide?" Economica 61(244):509-527.
Ihlanfeldt, Keith R. and David L. Sjoquist. 1998. "The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis: A Review of Recent Studies and Their Implications for Welfare Reform." Housing Policy Debate 9(4):849-892.
Isserman, Andrew and Terance Rephann. 1995. "The Economic Effects of the Appalachian Regional Commission: An Empirical Assessment of 26 Years of Regional Development Planning." Journal of the American Planning Association 61(3):345-364.
Jeanty, P. W., Mark Partridge and Elena Irwin. 2010. "Estimation of a Spatial Simultaneous Equation Model of Population Migration and Housing Price Dynamics." Regional Science and Urban Economics 40(5):343-352.
Lichter, Daniel T. and Kenneth M. Johnson. 2009. "Immigrant Gateways and Hispanic Migration to New Destinations." International Migration Review 43(3):496-518.
Lobao, Linda M., Gregory Hooks and Ann R. Tickamyer. 2008. "Poverty and Inequality across Space: Sociological Reflections on the Missing-Middle Subnational Scale." Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 1(1):89-113.
Loveridge, Scott and Denys Nizalov. 2007. "Operationalizing the Entrepreneurial Pipeline Theory: An Empirical Assessment of the Optimal Size Distribution of Local Firms." Economic Development Quarterly 21(3):244-262.
Lucas, Robert E. B. 2001. "The Effects of Proximity and Transportation on Developing Country Population Migrations." Journal of Economic Geography 1(3):323-339.
Mills, Bradford F. 2001. "Unemployment Duration in Non-metropolitan Labor Markets." Growth and Change 32(2):174-192.
Moretti, Enrico. 2004. "Estimating the Social Return to Higher Education: Evidence from Longitudinal and Repeated Cross-Sectional Data." Journal of Econometrics 121(1): 175-212.
Nakajima, Kentaro and Takatoshi Tabuchi. 2011. "Estimating Interregional Utility Differentials." Journal of Regional Science 51(1):31-46.
Nord, Mark. 1998. "Poor People on the Move: County-to-County Migration and the Spatial Concentration of Poverty." Journal of Regional Science 38(2):329-351.
Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P. and Giovanni Peri. 2008. "Immigration and National Wages: Clarifying the Theory and the Empirics." NBER Working Paper Series, 14188. ------. 2006. "The Economic Value of Cultural Diversity: Evidence from US Cities." Journal of Economic Geography 6(1):9-44.
(PARC) President's Appalachian Regional Commission .1964. Appalachia: A Report of the President’s Appalachian Regional Commission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Partridge, Mark D. and M. R. Olfert. 2011. "The Winners' Choice: Sustainable Economic Strategies for Successful 21st-Century Regions." Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 33(2):143-178.
Partridge, Mark D. and Dan S. Rickman. 1997. "The dispersion of the US state unemployment rates: The Role of the Market and Non-market." Regional Studies 31(6):593-606.
Partridge, Mark D. and Dan S. Rickman. 2006. “An SVAR Model of Fluctuations in U.S. Migration Flows and State Labor Market Dynamics” Southern Economic Journal 72(4):958-980.
Partridge, Mark D. and Dan S. Rickman. 2007. "Persistent Pockets of Extreme American Poverty and Job Growth: Is There a Place-Based Policy Role?" Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 32(1):201-224.
Partridge, Mark D. and Dan S. Rickman. 2008. "Place-Based Policy and Rural Poverty: Insights from the Urban Spatial Mismatch Literature." Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 1(1):131-156.
Partridge, Mark D., Dan S. Rickman, M. R. Olfert and Kamar Ali. 2012. "Dwindling U.S. Internal Migration: Evidence of Spatial Equilibrium or Structural Shifts in Local Labor Markets?" Regional Science and Urban Economics 42(1-2):375-388.
Persky, Joseph and Daniel Felsenstein. 2008. "Job Chains and Wage Curves: Worker Mobility and Marshallian Surpluses in Evaluating Regional Employment Growth." Journal of Regional Science 48(5):921-940.
Pettus, Ashley. 2006. "Rethinking New Orleans." Harvard Magazine, January/February, Available at: http://www.harvardmagazine.com/on-line/010673.html.
Polese, Mario and Richard Shearmur. 2006. "Why Some Regions Will Decline: A Canadian Case Study with Thoughts on Local Development Strategies." Papers in Regional Science 85(1):23-46.
Renkow, Mitch. 2003. "Employment Growth, Worker Mobility, and Rural Economic Development." American Journal of Agricultural Economics 85(2):503-513.
Rodriguez-Pose, Andres. 2010. "Economic Geographers and the Limelight: Institutions and Policy in the World Development Report 2009." Economic Geography 86(4):361-370.
Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés and Riccardo Crescenzi. 2008. "Research and Development, Spillovers, Innovation Systems, and the Genesis of Regional Growth in Europe." Regional Studies 42(1):51-67.
Rowthorn, Robert and Andrew J. Glyn. 2006. “Convergence and Stability in U.S. Employment Rates.” The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics: Contributions in Macroeconomics 6(1).
Simon, Curtis J. 1998. "Human Capital and Metropolitan Employment Growth." Journal of Urban Economics 43(2):223-243.
Simon, Curtis J. and Clark Nardinelli. 2002. "Human Capital and the Rise of American Cities, 1900-1990." Regional Science and Urban Economics 32(1):59-96.
Stephens, Heather M. and Mark D. Partridge. 2011. "Do Entrepreneurs Enhance Economic Growth in Lagging Regions?" Growth & Change 42(4):431-465.
Vigdor, Jacob L. 2007. "The Katrina Effect: Was There a Bright Side to the Evacuation of Greater New Orleans?" NBER Working Paper Series, 13022.
Weber, Bruce, Leif Jensen, Kathleen Miller, Jane Mosley and Monica Fisher. 2005. "A Critical Review of Rural Poverty Literature: Is There Truly a Rural Effect?" International Regional Science Review 28(4):381-414.
Widner, Ralph R. 1990. "Appalachian Development after 25 Years: An Assessment." Economic Development Quarterly 4(4):291-312. ------. 1973. "Evaluating the Administration of the Appalachian Regional Development Program." Growth & Change 4(1):25-29.
World Bank. (2009) Reshaping economic geography. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
Yankow, Jeffrey J. 2003. "Migration, Job Change, and Wage Growth: A New Perspective on the Pecuniary Return to Geographic Mobility." Journal of Regional Science 43(3):483-516.
Ziliak, James P. 2012. "The Appalachian Regional Development Act and Economic Change."in Appalachian Legacy: Economic Opportunity after the War on Poverty, edited by J.P. Ziliak. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.