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Essai sur les régions et la décentralisation au Maroc

Jellal, Said (2012): Essai sur les régions et la décentralisation au Maroc.

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Abstract

We show that regional reform that was implemented broke with the regime in 1971, namely the economic region. She may have allowed the legislature to build the basis for a effective decentralization in the region. The new law sets the general operation of the new local government includes measures whose symbolic value is certain. It becomes an opportunity to rise from the ashes of important organizations such as the Higher Council of Planning and the Interdepartmental Committee for Planning and is characterized by the role assigned to the judge, judge and judge acts accountable. With the economic region, the regional action did not create a new dynamic may introduce qualitative changes in the evolving relationship between the state and region. On behalf of the complexity and the extent of the actions, the state assigns a Leadership role as the region, lack of monitoring structures, observations, information banks for support decision is placed offside. The new law on the region which is assumed to bring more decentralization, does affect profoundly the relationship between the state and local governments? She will be a draft outline of a horizontal administrative giving more substance to the relationship between local authorities and their association to the exercise of their powers? And the company will open Moroccan Does its territorial diversity for a long time after being turned to a single center?

In any event, if regional institutions are required, even in the context of genuine autonomy, respect the fundamental principles of the general laws of the State, the latter, however, should in no way obscure the fact that one hand the spatial planning which is a material condition sine qua non of socio-economic and even political, the whole community is rather local and regional expertise that are still in the state things simple units dislocated in relation to the devolved administrative organization, and other blatant distortions in space, there are social and economic, real, and require therefore a matter of priority interventions concurrently two spaces of power: national and regional levels.

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