Bolecki, Antoni (2011): Polish antitrust experience with hub-and-spoke conspiracies. Published in: Yearbook of Antitrust and Regulatory Studies , Vol. Vol. 2, (2011): pp. 25-46.
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A hub-and-spoke conspiracy involves an exchange of confidential information primarily concerning future prices. The exchange takes place generally between competing distributors via a common supplier but a reverse relationship is also possible. The essence of hub-and-spoke lies in the fact that there is no direct contact between competitors – the party guaranteeing the information flow is normally the common supplier (distributor in a reverse scenario). A hub-and-spoke conspiracy was first identified and specifically described by the British Office of Fair Trade in 2003. There are currently several pending investigations concerning hub-and-spoke practices in a number of EU Member States including Germany, France, Italy and the UK. Three cases of that type have been so far assessed in the Polish antitrust practice: Polifarb Cieszyn Wrocław (2007), Tikurilla (2010) and Akzo Nobel (2010). The main objective of this article is the reconstruction of hub-and-spoke conduct in Poland. Commented will also be issues such as: the connection between hub-and-spoke practices and ‘classic’ retail price maintenance; standard of proof, and duration of the agreements.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Polish antitrust experience with hub-and-spoke conspiracies|
|Keywords:||hub-and-spoke; AtoBtoC coordination; exchange of information; vertical restraints; RPM; horizontal effect; standard of proof; duration of an agreement; initiator|
|Subjects:||K - Law and Economics > K2 - Regulation and Business Law > K21 - Antitrust Law|
|Depositing User:||Michał Mijal|
|Date Deposited:||02. May 2012 22:04|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 16:30|
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