Madarasz, Kristof (2008): Information projection: model and applications. Forthcoming in: Review of Economic Studies
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People exaggerate the extent to which their information is shared with others. This paper introduces the concept of such information projection and provides a simple but widely applicable model. The key application describes a novel agency conflict in a frictionless learning environment. When monitoring with ex post information, biased evaluators exaggerate how much experts could have known ex ante and underestimate experts on average. Experts, to defend their reputations, are too eager to base predictions on ex ante information that substitutes for the information jurors independently learn ex post and too reluctant to base predictions on ex ante information that complements the information jurors independently learn ex post. Instruments that mitigate Bayesian agency conflicts are either ineffective or directly backfire. Limiting monitoring improves efficiency. Applications to defensive medicine are discussed.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Information projection: model and applications|
|Keywords:||Biased beliefs Hindsight bias Misattribution Monitoring Defensive agency Defensive medicine|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D0 - General
D - Microeconomics > D0 - General > D03 - Behavioral Economics; Underlying Principles
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D86 - Economics of Contract: Theory
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D84 - Expectations; Speculations
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D20 - General
D - Microeconomics > D8 - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty > D82 - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
|Depositing User:||Kristof Madarasz|
|Date Deposited:||07. May 2012 03:06|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 23:06|
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