Nepelski, Daniel and De Prato, Giuditta (2012): A network analysis of cities hosting ICT R&D. Forthcoming in: COMMUNICATIONS & STRATEGIES (2012)
Download (478Kb) | Preview
We apply network analysis to study the ICT R&D locations at the city level. We use a dataset on the location and R&D activity of over 3000 R&D centres belonging to 175 MNEs, located in over 1300 cities around the world. The results show that most of the cities have few R&D connections and are grouped into "cliques", linked through network hubs. Hence, not only is the R&D activity concentrated in space, but also the nexus of connections between locations is limited. Asian and Japanese cities are favoured as a source of R&D services, as compared to European or US cities.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||A network analysis of cities hosting ICT R&D|
|Keywords:||Networks, innovation and R&D, globalization, R&D complexity, network|
|Subjects:||M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M2 - Business Economics
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights > O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting > M1 - Business Administration > M10 - General
|Depositing User:||Daniel Nepelski|
|Date Deposited:||15. May 2012 13:58|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 12:49|
Cantwell, J. A. and O. Janne (1999). "Technological globalisation and innovative centres: the role of corporate technological leadership and locational hierarchy." Research Policy 28(2-3): 119-144.
De Benedictis, L. and L. Tajoli (2011). "The World Trade Network." Forthcoming in The World Economy.
De Prato, G. and D. Nepelski (2011). Global R&D network. Network analysis of international R&D centres. Seville, Spain, JRC-IPTS.
De Prato, G. and D. Nepelski (2012). Global technological collaboration network. Network analysis of international co-inventions. Forthcoming in the Journal of Technology Transfer.
Dunning, J. (2002). Regions, Globalization, and the Knowledge-Based Economy. Oxford, Oxford Scholarship Online Monographs.
Dunning, J. (2009). "Location and the multinational enterprise: A neglected factor." Journal of International Business Studies 40(1): 5-19.
Enright, M. J. (2009). "The location of activities of manufacturing multinationals in the Asia-Pacific." J Int Bus Stud 40(5): 818-839.
Fagiolo, G., J. Reyes, et al. (2007). The Evolution of the World Trade Web, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
Kali, R. and J. Reyes (2007). "The architecture of globalization: a network approach to international economic integration." J Int Bus Stud 38(4): 595-620.
Lahiri, N. (2010). "Geographic distribution of R&D activity: how does it affect innovation quality?" Academy of Management Journal 53(5): 1194-1209.
Meyer, K. E., R. Mudambi, et al. (2011). "Multinational Enterprises and Local Contexts: The Opportunities and Challenges of Multiple Embeddedness." Journal of Management Studies 48(2): 235-252.
Nieto, M. J. and A. Rodriguez (2011). "Offshoring of R&D: Looking abroad to improve innovation performance." J Int Bus Stud 42(3): 345-361.
Sachwald, F. (2008). "Location choices within global innovation networks: the case of Europe." The Journal of Technology Transfer 33(4): 364-378.