Brida, Juan Gabriel and Disegna, Marta and Scuderi, Raffaele (2012): Visitors of two types of museums: do expenditure patterns differ?
Download (1MB) | Preview
This study aims at estimating and comparing the determinants of expenditure behaviour of visitors in two types of museums. An ad-hoc survey was conducted between June and September 2011 among the visitors of the principal museums of the two provinces of Bolzano and Trento: the South Tyrol Museum of Archeology (Bolzano), hosting the permanent exhibition of the “Iceman” Ötzi, and the Museum of Modern and Contemporaneous Art of Trento and Rovereto (MART). The double-hurdle procedure of Heien and Wessels (1999) is used in order to obtain consistent estimates and split the process of spending decision into the stages of ‘activation’ and ‘outcome’. Results highlight two distinct profiles of visitors. Spending of the modern art museum visitor was positively related to her cultural interest, whereas the expenditure profile of the archaeological museum guest was more ‘generalist’.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Visitors of two types of museums: do expenditure patterns differ?|
|Keywords:||Visitors expenditure, museum, double-hurdle model, spending behaviour|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D12 - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C1 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General > C19 - Other
L - Industrial Organization > L8 - Industry Studies: Services > L83 - Sports; Gambling; Recreation; Tourism
|Depositing User:||Raffaele Scuderi|
|Date Deposited:||16. May 2012 13:34|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 18:28|
Alegre J., Mateo S., & Pou L. (2010). An analysis of households’ appraisal of their budget constraints for potential participation in tourism. Tourism Management, 31(1), 45–56.
Amemiya, T. (1984), Tobit Models: a Survey, Journal of Econometrics, 24(1), 3–26.
Aristei, D., & Pierani, L. (2008), A double–hurdle approach to modelling tobacco consumption in Italy, Journal of Applied Economics, 40, 2463–2476.
Bai, J., Wahl, T.I., Lohmar, B.T., & Jikun, H. (2010), Food away from home in Beijing: Effects of wealth, time and “free” meals, China Economic Review, 21, 432–441.
Barquet, A., Brida, J.G., Osti, L., & Schubert, S. (2011). An analysis of tourists’ expenditure on winter sports events through the Tobit censorate model. Tourism Economics, 17(6), 1197-1217.
Brida, J. G., Disegna, M., & Osti, L. (2010). The Effect of Authenticity on Tourists’ Expenditure at Cultural Events (September 10, 2010). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1674830
Brida, J.G., & Scuderi, R. (2012). Determinants of Tourist Expenditure: A Review of Microeconometric Models. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2048221
Brida, J.G., Bukstein, D., Garrido, N., & Tealde, E. (2012). Cruise passengers’ expenditure in the Caribbean port of call of Cartagena de Indias: a cross-section data analysis. Tourism Economics, 18(2), DOI 10.5367/te.2012.0115, forthcoming.
Cragg, J.G. (1971). Some Statistical Models for Limited Dependent Variables with Application to the Demand for Durable Goods. Econometrica, 39(5), 829–844.
Dolnicar, S., Crouch, G.I., Devinney, T., Huybers, T., Louviere, J.J., & Oppewal, H. (2008). Tourism and discretionary income allocation. Heterogeneity among households. Tourism Management, 29(1), 44-52.
Downward, P., & Lumsdon, L. (2000). The demand for day-visits: An analysis of visitor spending. Tourism Economics, 6(3), 251-261.
Downward, P., & Lumsdon, L. (2003). Beyond the demand for day-visits: An analysis of visitor spending. Tourism Economics, 9(1), 67-76.
Downward, P., Lumsdon, L., & Weston, R. (2009). Visitor Expenditure: The Case of Cycle Recreation and Tourism. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 14(1), 25-42.
Graburn, N. H. H. (1983). The antropology of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 10(1), 9–33.
Graburn, N. (1998). A quest for identity. Museum International, 50(3), 13–18.
Heckman, J. J. (1979). Sample selection bias as a specification error. Econometrica, 47(1), 153-161.
Heien, D., & Wessels, C. (1990), Demand system estimation with micro data: a censored regression approach, Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, 8(3), 356–371.
Hong, G.S., Fan, J.X., Palmer, L., & Bhargava, V. (2005). Leisure Travel Expenditure Patterns by Family Life Cycle Stages. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 18(2), 15-30.
Hong, G.S., Kim, S.Y., & Lee, J. (1999). Travel Expenditure Patterns of Elderly Households in the US. Tourism Recreation Research, 24(1), 43-52.
Hughes, H. L. (2002). Culture and tourism: A framework for further analysis. Managing Leisure, 7(3), 164–175.
Istat (2010). I musei e gli istituti similari non statali. Available at http://www3.istat.it/dati/catalogo/20110524_00/
Jang, S.C.S., & Ham, S. (2009). A double-hurdle analysis of travel expenditure: Baby boomer seniors versus older seniors. Tourism Management, 30(3), 372-380.
Jang, S.C.S., Ham, S., & Hong, G.S. (2007). Food-Away-From-Home Expenditure of Senior Household in the United States: a Double-Hurdle Approach. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 31(2), 147-167.
Jones, A.M., & Yen, S.T. (2000), A Box–Cox double–hurdle model, The Manchester School, 68(2), 203–221.
Leones, J., Colby, B., Crandall, K. (1998). Tracking expenditures of the elusive nature tourists of Southeastern Arizona. Journal of Travel Research, 36(3), 56-64.
Lim, C. (1997). Review of international tourism demand models. Annals of Tourism Research, 24(4), 835-849.
López–Mosquera, N., & Sánchez, M. (2011), The influence of personal values in the economic– use valuation of peri–urban green spaces: An application of the means–end chain theory, Tourism Management, 32, 875–889.
Maddala, G.S. (1983), Limited–Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McIntosh, A. J., & C. Prentice, R. (1999). Affirming authenticity: Consuming cultural heritage. Annals of Tourism Research, 26(3), 589–612.
McKercher, B. (2004). A comparative study of international cultural tourists. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 11(2), 95–107
Mehmetoglu, M. (2007). Nature-based tourists: The relationship between their trip expenditures and activities. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15(2), 200-215.
Newman, C.M.H., & Matthews, A. (2001), Infrequency of purchase and double–hurdle models of Irish households’ meat expenditure, European Review of Agricultural Economics, 28(4), 393–419.
Nicolau, J.L., & Más, F.J. (2005). Heckit modelling of tourist expenditure: Evidence from Spain. International Journal of Service Industry Management, 16(3), 271-293.
Papatheodorou, A. (2006). Microfoundations of tourist choice. In L. Dwyer, & P. Forsyth (Eds.), International handbook on the economics of tourism (pp. 73-88). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc.
Saz–Salazar, S., & Rausell–Köster, P. (2008), A Double–Hurdle model of urban green areas valuation: Dealing with zero responses, Landscape and Urban Planning, 84, 241–251.
Song, H., & Li, G. (2008). Tourism demand modelling and forecasting - a review of recent research. Tourism Management, 29(2), 203-220.
Thrane, C. (2002). Jazz festival visitors and their expenditures: linking spending patterns to musical interest. Journal of Travel Research, 40(3), 281-286.
Tobin, J. (1958). Estimation of Relationships for Limited Dependent Variables. Econometrica, 26(1), 24-36.
Tufts, S., & Milne, S. (1999). Museums: A supply-side perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 26(3), 613–631.
Wang Y., & Davidson M.C.G. (2010a). A review of micro-analyses of tourist expenditure. Current Issues in Tourism, 13(6), 507-524.
Weagley, R.O., & Huh, E. (2004). Leisure Expenditures of Retired and Near-Retired Households. Journal of Leisure Research, 36(1), 101-127.
Zhang, H., Zhang, J., & Kuwano, M. (n.d.). An integrated model of tourists’ time use and expenditure behaviour with self-selection based on a fully nested Archimedean copula function. Tourism Management, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261517712000490
Zheng. B., & Zhang, Y. (2011). Household Expenditures for Leisure Tourism in the USA, 1996 and 2006. International Journal of Tourism Research, DOI 10.1002/jtr.880, forthcoming.