Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Coût de mobilité endogène et flexibilité du marché du travail

Bouzahzah, Mohamed and Saber, Brahim (2012): Coût de mobilité endogène et flexibilité du marché du travail.

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Abstract

The article examines the impact of labor mobility cost subsidy on levels of emigrations between two identical countries. The analysis is led in an OLG model with two countries. The analysis is conducted as part of an overlapping generations model with two countries. Individuals bear the cost of endogenous mobility. It depends on the number of fellow citizens of the candidate to emigration they are already present in the host country. Each individual is different by a degree of attachment to his country, the less attached are the most prescribed. We show that a grant of part of the cost of mobility in the early starters can initiate the process of emigration and reduce these costs. Other people decide to emigrate even though they are not subsidized and have a degree of attachment to their country more important than the first emigrants. The study of welfare shows that this is positive in the send country when the cost of migration is weak and it is similarly in the host country when the rate of migration is weak.

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