Karlsson, Tobias (2012): Workforce Reductions in Theory and Practice: The Swedish Tobacco Monopoly in the 1920s.
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The aim of this paper is to clarify and discuss the various ways firms can make workforce reductions. This aim is accomplished by an in-depth study of an historical case; the downsizing process undertaken in the 1920s by the Swedish Tobacco Monopoly, a state-owned company that had to balance between rational business conduct and social responsibility. The paper makes use of qualitative sources, such as board minutes and memos, and a database covering all blue-collar workers in one of the company’s factories. The paper adresses conceptual questions concerning how to theoretically and empirically distinguish between various reduction strategies and tactics. Its main contribution is to move beyond the simple characterization of reductions as being either smooth or harsh and instead emphasize the multitude of management choices involved in reducing headcount and, consequently, the diversity of downsizing processes.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Workforce Reductions in Theory and Practice: The Swedish Tobacco Monopoly in the 1920s|
|Keywords:||personnel management; workforce reductions; downsizing; tobacco industry; Sweden; inter-war period|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D21 - Firm Behavior: Theory
N - Economic History > N8 - Micro-Business History
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J63 - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J21 - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J65 - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
L - Industrial Organization > L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing > L66 - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco; Wine and Spirits
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J5 - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining > J53 - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence
|Depositing User:||Tobias Karlsson|
|Date Deposited:||05. Jun 2012 12:43|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 23:48|
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