Chandler, Vincent (2012): Assessing the Impact of Deterrence on Road Safety due to the Demerit Point System.
Download (223Kb) | Preview
This paper assesses the impact of a decrease in demerit points on the probability of traffic violation. To address the inherent heterogeneity of drivers, I use the expiration process of points to compare the behaviour of similar drivers with different demerit points. I find that a 3-point decrease in the number of demerit points only has an impact for drivers close to the limit, but increases their probability of violation by 50 to 80 percent.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Assessing the Impact of Deterrence on Road Safety due to the Demerit Point System|
|Keywords:||Demerit point system; deterrence; driving; road safety; traffic violation|
|Subjects:||K - Law and Economics > K3 - Other Substantive Areas of Law > K32 - Environmental, Health, and Safety Law
K - Law and Economics > K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior > K42 - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C2 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables > C25 - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
|Depositing User:||Vincent Chandler|
|Date Deposited:||13. Jun 2012 20:09|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 03:01|
Abbring et al. (2007). ``Moral Hazard and Dynamic Insurance Data", Journal of the European Economic Association 1(4), 767-820.
Bourgeon and Picard. (2007). ``Point-recod Driving License and Road Safety: an Economic Approach", Journal of Public Economics 91(1-2), 235-258.
Dionne et al. (2011). ``Incentive Mechanisms for Safe Driving: a Comparative Analysis with Dynamic Data", Review of Economics and Statistics 93(1), 218-227.
Haque. (1990). ``Evaluation of the Demerit Points System in Deterring Traffic Offenses", Evaluation Review 14(1), 22-41.
Helland and Tabarrok. (2007). ``Does Three Strikes Deter? A Non-parametric Estimation", Journal of Human Resources 52(2), 309-330.
Iyengar (2007), ``I'd rather be hanged for a Sheep than a Lamb: The Unintended Consequences of ``Three-Strikes" Laws", Working Paper.
Pulido et al. (2010). ``Impact of the demerit point system on road traffic accident mortality in Spain", Journal Epidemiology Community Health 64, 274-276.
Statistics Canada (2011). Migration: Interprovincial, 2008/2009 http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/91-209-x/2011001/article/11514-eng.htm Accessed on June 1st 2012
Tardif (2010). Les infraction et les sanctions reliees a la conduite d'un vehicule routier 2000-2009 http://www.saaq.gouv.qc.ca/rdsr/sites/files/12010002.pdf Accessed on June 1st 2012