Davies, Simon (2006): Income, gender and consumption: A study of Malawian households.
Download (340Kb) | Preview
This paper uses 1998 household level data from urban Malawi to look at the impact on consumption patterns of the share of total household income accruing to different individuals within the household. Specifically, male and female income shares and other factors which may influence intra-household bargaining such as education are analysed. The study finds that for some categories of good such as personal and household hygiene and clothing, unitary household models are unsuitable as intra-household relationships and differing preferences of individuals play a key role in consumption choices. Overall the results indicate that females favour household hygiene, vehicle repair and girls’ clothing while males favour male clothing. Consumption choices are influenced by both the income and education of the main male and female members, and crucially, the impact of income shares on household consumption is non-linear.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||University of Bath, UK|
|Original Title:||Income, gender and consumption: A study of Malawian households|
|Keywords:||Household Behaviour; Family Economics; Consumer Economics; Personal Income and Wealth Distribution; Economic Development; Africa; Malawi|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D19 - Other
D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D10 - General
D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D33 - Factor Income Distribution
D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D12 - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
|Depositing User:||Simon Davies|
|Date Deposited:||09. Jul 2007|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 10:47|
 Bergstrom, T., “Evolution of Social Behaviour: Individual and Group Selection.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 16, Spring 2002: 67-88.  Bergstrom, T., “Puzzles: Love and Spaghetti, The Opportunity Cost of Virtue.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 2, Spring 1989: 165-173.  Browning, M., “Saving and the intra-household distribution of income: an empirical investigation.” Ricerche Economiche 48, 1995: 277-292.  Browning, M., Bourguignon, F., Chiappori, P.-A., Lechêne, V., “Incomes and Outcomes: A structural Model of Intrahousehold Allocation.” Journal of Political Economy 102, December 1994: 1067-1096.  Cabinet Office, “A strategy for delivering Government’s sport and physical activity objectives”, 2002.  Chant, S., “Female Headship and the ‘Feminization of Poverty’” in “The Challenge of Poverty”, UNDP, May 2004.  Cox Edwards, A., Ureta, M., “International migration, remittances, and schooling: evidence from El Salvador.” Journal of Development Economics 72, 2004: 429-461.  Graham, W. J., “Exploring the Links Between Maternal Death and Poverty” in “The Challenge of Poverty”, UNDP, May 2004.  Heckman, J. (1975), “The Common Structure of Statistical Models of Truncation, Sample Selection and Limited Dependent Variables and a Simple Estimator for Such Models” Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol.5 pp.475-492 in Maddala G.S., Limited-dependent and qualitative variables in econometrics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1983.  Katz, E.G., “Gender and Trade Within the Household: Observations from Rural Guatemala.” World Development 23, 1995: 327-342.  Linskens, C., Morrison, C., “Les facteurs explicatifs de la malnutrition en Afrique subsaharienne”, Centre de Développement de l’OCDE, Document de travail No. 167, October 2000.  Lundberg, S., Pollak, R., “Separate Spheres Bargaining and the Marriage Market.” Journal of Political Economy 101, December 1993: 988-1010.  Maitra, P., Ray, R., “The effect of transfers on household expenditure patterns and poverty in South Africa.” Journal of Development Economics 71, 2003: 23-49.  McElroy, M. B., “The Empirical Content of Nash-Bargained Household Behaviour.” Journal of Human Resources 25, Autumn 1990: 559-583.  Rangel, M.A., “Efficient Allocation of Resources within Extended-Family Households: Evidence from Developing Countries.” Working Paper, Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago.  National Statistical Office of Malawi, 1998 Integrated Household Survey.  Phipps, S.A. and P.S. Burton (1998), “What’s Mine is Yours? The Influence of Male and Female Incomes on Patterns of Household Expenditure”, Economica, Vol.65, pp.599-613.  Thomas, D., “Intra-Household Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach.” Journal of Human Resources 25, Autumn 1990: 635-664.  Thomas, D., Strauss, J., “Health, Nutrition, and Economic Development.” Journal of Economic Literature 36, June 1998: 766-817.  World Bank, Country Reports. Available at: http://web.worldbank.org:/