Fischer, Justina A.V. (2012): Globalization and social networks.
Download (590kB) | Preview
Globalization is a universal phenomenon that not only makes domestic economies restructure, but also may impact other areas of local societies. This paper studies the effect of globalization on human relations, in particular on the formation of social networks, both bonding and bridging: I postulate that globalization induces labor market and workplace dynamics that would be destructive. Data come from the European and World Values Survey (1981-2008) on about 320’000 people’s values and attitudes, in this study spanning up to 22 years in about 80 countries, which have been matched with an index of economic globalization. In this pseudo micro panel I find robust evidence for a diminishing effect of globalization for bridging social networks with friends, but an enforcing one for bonding social networks among relatives. These results do not appear to be driven by a change in individuals’ preferences with respect to consuming and forming social ties. My findings are consistent with theories that claim growing physical distance and stronger reliance on family resources to lower the level of bridging social networks in society.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Globalization and social networks|
|Keywords:||social capital; social networks; globalization; international trade; World Values Survey|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic Integration
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
O - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||Justina AV Fischer|
|Date Deposited:||31. Jul 2012 22:56|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 22:04|
Adsera, A. (2004). Changing fertility rates in developed countries. The impact of labor market institutions, Journal of Population Economics 17, 17-43.
Alesina, A. and P. Giuliano, (2011), Family Ties And Political Participation, Journal of the European Economic Association 9, 817-839.
Barro, R.J. and R.M. McCleary (2006), Religion and Economy, The Journal of Economic Perspectives 20, 49-72.
Cattell, V. (2001), Poor people, poor places, and poor health: the mediating role of social networks and social capital, Social Science & Medicine 52, 1501–1516
Cheong, P.H., R. Edwards, H. Goulbourne, and J. Solomos (2007), Immigration, social cohesion and social capital: A critical review, Critical Social Policy 27, 24-49.
Coleman, J. (1990) Foundations of Social Theory, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Dasgupta, P. and I. Serageldin (2000), Social Capital: a Multi-faceted Perspective, Washington: The World Bank.
Dollar, D., and A. Kraay (2004), Trade, Growth, and Poverty, The Economic Journal 114, F22–F49.
Dreher, A., N. Gaston, and P. Martens (2008), Measuring Globalization – Gauging its Consequences, New York: Springer.
Falch, T. and J.A.V. Fischer, (2012), Does a generous welfare state crowd out student effort? Panel data evidence from international student tests, Trondheim 2012
Fields, Gary (2005), A Guide to Multisector Labor Market Models, Social Protection Discussion Paper Series No. 0505, Washington DC, World Bank.
Fields, Gary (1975), Rural-Urban Migration, Urban Unemployment and Underemployment, and Jobsearch Activity in LDCs, Journal of Development Economics 2, 165–187.
Fischer, J.A.V. (2012a), The Choice of Domestic Policies in a Globalized Economy, MPRA Paper 37816, University Library of Munich, Germany.
Fischer, J.A.V. (2012b), Globalization and Political Trust, MPRA Paper 36327, University Library of Munich, Germany.
Fischer, J.A.V., and F. Somogyi (2012), Globalization and Protection of Employment, NCCR Working Paper 2012/20, University of Bern.
Frankel, J.A., and D. Romer (1999), Does Trade Cause Growth? The American Economic Review 89, 379-399.
Gijsberts, M., T. van der Meer and J. Dagevos (2011), ‘Hunkering Down’ in Multi-Ethnic Neighbourhoods? The Effects of Ethnic Diversity on Dimensions of Social Cohesion, European Sociological Review, first published online March 27, 2011 doi:10.1093/esr/jcr022
Glaeser, E.L., D.I. Laibson, J.A. Scheinkman, C.L. Soutter (2000), Measuring Trust, Quarterly Journal of Economics 155, 811-846.
Glaeser, E.L. (2001), The Formation of Social Capital, Canadian Journal of Policy Research 2, 34-40.
Glaeser, E. L., Laibson, D., and B. Sacerdote (2002), An Economic Approach to Social Capital, The Economic Journal 112, 437-458.
Knack, S. and P. Keefer (1997), Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? A Cross-Country Investigation, The Quarterly Journal of Economics 112, 1251-1288
Krueger, A. (1983), Trade and employment in developing countries, 3. Synthesis and Conclusions, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
ILO (2003), Seventeenth International Conference of Labor Statisticians, Report of the Conference; Doc. ICLS/17/2003/R; Geneva: International Labor Office.
Jordahl, H. (2007), Inequality and Trust, IFN Working Paper No. 715, Stockholm.
Ostrom, E. (2000), Social Capital: A Fad or a Fundamental Concept? In: Dasgupta and Serageldin (2000)
Putnam, R.D. (2000), Bowling alone. The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Putnam, R. D. (2007) E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-first Century. The 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture, Scandinavian Political Studies 30, 137–174.
Putnam, R., with R. Leonardi, and R. Nanetti (1993), Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Rauch, J.E. (2001), Business and Social Networks in International Trade, Journal of Economic Literature 39, 1177-1203.
Schneider, M., P. Teske, M. Marschall, M. Mintrom and C. Roch (1997), Institutional Arrangements and the Creation of Social Capital: The Effects of Public School Choice, The American Political Science Review 91, 82-93
Virtanen, M., M. Kivimäki, M. Joensuu, P. Virtanen, M. Elovainio, and J. Vahtera (2005), Temporary employment and health: a review, International Journal of Epidemiology 34, 610-622.