Keating, Byron W. and Kriz, Anton (2008): Outbound tourism from China: literature review and research agenda. Published in: Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management , Vol. 15, No. 2 (2008): pp. 32-41.
Download (353kB) | Preview
The rapid growth of China’s outbound tourism market has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years. However, the academic literature is still sparse in this area. Using a theoretical framework that synthesizes the key processes related to destination choice, the authors undertake a systematic review of the academic literature on outbound tourism from China. Stemming from this review, the paper provides some direction for future empirical research on this important topic. The authors also propose an episode model for travel planning, suggesting that traditional destination choice models may inadequately capture the nuances of destination choice in the Chinese context.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Outbound tourism from China: literature review and research agenda|
|Keywords:||China; outbound tourism; destination choice; research agenda|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F23 - Multinational Firms; International Business
L - Industrial Organization > L8 - Industry Studies: Services
L - Industrial Organization > L8 - Industry Studies: Services > L83 - Sports; Gambling; Recreation; Tourism
|Depositing User:||Byron W. Keating|
|Date Deposited:||06. Aug 2012 12:26|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 05:09|
Ashworth, G. & Voogt, H. (1990). Selling the City. London: Belhaven.
Baloglu, S. & Brinberg, D. (1997). Affective images of tourism destinations, Journal of Travel Research, 35(4), 11-15.
Baloglu, S. & McCleary, K. (1999). A model of destination image formation, Annals of Tourism Research, 26(4), 868-897.
Beerli, A. & Martin, J. (2004a). Factors influencing destination image, Annals of Tourism Research, 31(3), 657-681.
Beerli, A. & Martin, J. (2004b). Tourists' characteristics and the perceived image of tourist destinations: a quantitative analysis--a case study of Lanzarote, Spain, Tourism Management, 25(5), 623-636.
Boerjan, P. (1995). Do we need a distinction between short and long holidays?, The Tourist Review, 33, 11–17.
Chon, K. (1992). Self-image/destination image congruity, Annals of Tourism Research, 19(2), 360-363.
Cohen, E (1972). Toward a Sociology of International Tourism, Social Research, 39(1), 164-182.
Correia, A., do Valle, P. & Moço, C. (2007). Why people travel to exotic places, International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality, 1(1), 45-61.
Court, B. & Lupton, R. (1997). Customer Portfolio Development: Modeling Destination Adopters, Inactives, and Rejecters, Journal of Travel Research, 36(1), 35-43.
Crompton, J. (1992). Structure of vacation destination choice sets, Annals of Tourism Research, 19(3): 420-434.
Crompton, J. (1979). Motivations for pleasure vacation, Annals of Tourism Research, 6(4), 408–424.
Crompton, J. (1981). Dimensions of the social group role in pleasure vacations, Annals of Tourism Research, 8(4), 550-568.
Crouch, G. (1994). Demand elasticities for short-haul versus long-haul tourism, Journal of Travel Research, 34, 2–7.
Dann, G. (1977). Anomie, ego-enhancement and tourism, Annals of Tourism Research, 4(4), 184–194.
DFAT (2005). Unlocking China's Service Sector. Canberra, Australian Government: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
DITR (2005). National Tourism Emerging Markets Strategy: China and India. Canberra, Australian Government: Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources.
Echtner, C. & Ritchie, J. (1991). The Meaning and Measurement of Destination Image, Journal of Tourism Studies, 2(2), 2-12.
Echtner, C. & Ritchie, J. (1993). The Measurement of Destination Image: An Empirical Assessment, Journal of Travel Research, 31(4), 3-13.
Embacher, J. & Buttle, F. (1989). A Repertory Grid Analysis Of Austria's Image As A Summer Vacation Destination, Journal of Travel Research, 27(3), 3-7.
Eymann, A. & Ronning, G. (1997). Microeconometric models of tourists' destination choice, Regional Science and Urban Economics, 27(6), 735-761.
Feng, R., Morrison, A. & Ismail, J. (2004). East versus west: A comparison of online destination marketing in China and the USA, Journal of Vacation Marketing, 10(1), 43-56.
Gallarza, M. Saura, I. & Garcia, H. (2002). Destination image: Towards a Conceptual Framework, Annals of Tourism Research, 29(1), 56-78.
Guo, Y., Kim, S. & Timothy, D. (2007). Development characteristics and Implications of mainland Chinese outbound tourism, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 12(4), 313-332.
Hanqin, Z. & Lam, T. (1999). An analysis of Mainland Chinese visitors' motivations to visit Hong Kong, Tourism Management, 20(5), 587-594.
Henshall, B., Roberts, R. & Leighton, A. (1985). Fly-Drive Tourists: Motivation and Destination Choice Factors, Journal of Travel Research, 23(3), 23-27.
Hofstede, G. (2005). Cultures and Organizations: software of the mind, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Hsu, C. & Lam, T. (2003). Mainland Chinese travelers’ motivations and barriers of visiting Hong Kong, Journal of the Academy of Business and Economics, 11(1), 60-67.
Iso-Ahola, S. (1982). Toward a social psychological theory of tourism motivation: A rejoinder, Annals of Tourism Research, 9(2), 256–562.
Kim, S., Guo, Y. & Agrusa, J. (2005). Preference and position analyses of overseas destinations by mainland Chinese outbound pleasure tourists, Journal of Travel Research, 44, 212-220.
King, B., Dwyer, L. & Prideaux, B. (2006). An evaluation of unethical business practices in Australia’s China inbound tourism market, International Journal of Tourism Research, 8, 127-142.
Law, R., Cheung, C. & Lo, A. (2004). The relevance of profiling travel activities for improving destination marketing strategies, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 16(6), 355-362.
Lehto, X., Cai, L., O’Leary, J. & Huan, T. (2004). Tourist shopping preferences and expenditure behaviours: The case of the Taiwanese outbound market, Journal of Vacation Marketing, 10(4), 320-332.
Li, L. & Buhalis, D. (2006). E-Commerce in China: The case of travel, International Journal of Information Management, 26, 153–166.
Lim, C. & Wang, Y. (2008). China’s post-1978 experience in outbound tourism, Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 78, 450–458
Lo, A. & Lam, T. (2004). Long-haul and short-haul outbound all-inclusive package tours, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 9(2), 161-176.
Markin, R. (1974). Consumer Behavior: A Cognitive Orientation, New York: Macmillan.
Mok,C. & Iverson, T. (2000). Expenditure based segmentation: Taiwanese tourists to Guam, Tourism Management, 21(3), 299-305.
Moutinho, L., Huarng, K., Yu, T. & Chen, C. (2008). Modeling and forecasting tourism demand: the case of flows from mainland China to Taiwan, Service Business, 2, 219–232.
Ng, S., Lee, J. & Soutar, G. (2007). Tourists’ intention to visit a country: The impact of cultural distance, Tourism Management, 28(6), 1497-1506.
Nicolau, J. & Mas, F. (2006). The influence of distance and prices on the choice of tourist destinations: The moderating role of motivations, Tourism Management, 27(5), 982-996.
Pan, B. & Laws, E. (2001). Tourism marketing opportunities for Australia in China, Journal of Vacation Marketing, 8(1), 39-48.
Pike, S. (2002). Destination image analysis--a review of 142 papers from 1973 to 2000, Tourism Management, 23(5), 541-549.
Plog, S. (1987). Understanding psychographics in tourism research, Travel, Tourism and Hospitality Research: A Handbook for Managers and Researchers, 203-213.
Prideaux, B. (1996). Recent developments in the Taiwanese tourist industry – implications for Australia, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 8(1), 10–15.
PRC (2008). 1st organized group travel to U.S. starts. http://www.gov.cn/misc/2008-06/18/content_1019777.htm, Accessed 30 June 2008.
Stabler, M. (1988). The image of destination regions: theoretical and empirical aspects. In Goodall, B. & Ashworth, G. (Eds.), Marketing in the tourism industry: the promotion of destination regions (pp. 133-61), London: Groom Helm Publishing.
Telisman-Kosuta, N. (1989). Tourist destination image. In S. Will & L. Moutinho (Eds.), Tourism marketing and management handbook (pp. 555-61), Cambridge: Prentice Hall.
Um, S. & Crompton, J. (1990). Attitude determinants in tourism destination choice, Annals of Tourism Research, 17(3), 432-448.
Uysal, M. & Jurowski, C. (1993). An Empirical Testing of the Push and Pull Factors of Tourism Motivations, Annals of Tourism Research, 21(4), 844-846.
Uysal, M. & L. Hagan (1993). Motivation of pleasure travel and tourism. In Khan, M., Olsen, M. & Var, T. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Hospitality and Tourism (pp. 798-810), New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Woodside, A. & Lysonski, S. (1989). A General Model Of Traveler Destination Choice, Journal of Travel Research, 27(4), 8-14.
WTO (2005). Asian Destinations on the Rise in World Tourism Rankings. http://www.world-tourism.org/newsroom/Releases/2005/May/asian.htm, Accessed 14 May 2007.
Xiao, H. (2006). The discourse of power: Deng Xiaoping and tourism development in China, Tourism Management, 27, 803-814.
Yuksel, A. & Akgul, O. (2007). Postcards as affective image makers: An idle agent in destination marketing, Tourism Management, 28(3), 714-725.
Zhang, H., Li, X. & Qin, Y. (2003). On the present situation and trend of China outbound tourism, Commercial Research, 2003(2), 147–152.
Zhang, H. (2004). The challenges and opportunities facing travel service industry upon China’s accession to world trade organization, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 16(6), 369-372.
Zhang, H., Chong, K. & Jenkins, C. (2002). Tourism policy implementation in mainland China: An enterprise perspective, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 14(1), 38-42.
Zhang, H. & Heung, V. (2002). The emergence of the mainland Chinese outbound travel market and its implications for tourism marketing, Journal of Vacation Marketing, 8(1), 7-12.
Zhang, H. & Morrison, A. (2007). How can the small to medium sized travel agents stay competitive in China’s travel service sector?, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 19(4), 275-285.
Zhang, G., Pine, R. & Zhang, H. (2000). China’s international tourism development: The present and future, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 12(5), 282-290.
Zhang, H. & Qu, H. (1996). The trends of China outbound travel to Hong Kong and its implications, Journal of Vacation Marketing, 2(4), 373-381.
Zhou, L., King, B. & Turner, L. (1998). The China outbound market: An evaluation of key constraints and opportunities, Journal of Vacation Marketing, 4, 120-135.